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Introduction

English is one of the most widely used languages in the world.It is not only the official language of communication in many countries but also the official language of commerce and industry, aviation and social interactions.

Mastery and proficiency in the English language is considered important because it enhances effective communication and provides opportunities for academic, social and professional benefits.

Proficiency in English language also improves the learning of other subjects across the curriculum. The e-content lessons in this programme are based on the four main language skills and grammar as covered in the Secondary School English Syllabus.

These are:
Listening and Speaking
Reading
writing

Aspects of literature have been integrated to strengthen and enrich the process of the language learning. This is also expected to provide realistic contexts and opportunities where a variety of language is used to make the learning more meaningful

Role of English in curriculum implementation 

Mastery and proficiency in the English language is considered important because it enhances effective communication and provides opportunities for academic, social and professional benefits. Due to its prominence as the world’s mostly spoken language, English has been adopted as the language of instruction in many learning institutions. Proficiency in it therefore improves the learning of other subjects across the curriculum.

Listening and speaking skills play an important role in social and academic development. A person who listens and speaks effectively is able to receive and respond to information appropriately. These two skills also contribute significantly to the development of reading and writing skills. Mastery in speaking and listening skills enhances intelligibility, confidence and interaction among learners within and beyond the boundaries of Kenya.

Pronunciation

An important aspect of effective speaking is correct pronunciation. Correct pronunciation of sounds and words is key to effective speaking. Effective speaking is considered important because it leads to effective communication in general. 

The challenge faced in the pronunciation of English words correctly is due to the fact that most of the Kenyan languages do not have sounds similar to those found in English. You therefore need to identify sounds that are problematic to you and practise thoroughly to master their correct pronunciation. In the lessons that follow, you will learn and practise pronunciation of English vowels and consonants correctly.

Background Information

An effective speaker communicates clearly, fluently and convincingly. He is able to capture and maintain the attention of the listeners. Correct pronunciation greatly enhances this.In this lesson you will practise how to pronounce English consonant and vowel sounds correctly.

Lesson Objective

By the end of the lesson, you should be able to pronounce consonant and vowel sounds correctly

Pronunciation of Vowel and Consonant Sounds

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Correct pronunciation of sounds and words is key to effective speaking . Effective speaking is considered important because it leads to effective communication in general. The challenge to pronounce English words correctly is due to the fact most of the Kenyan languages do not have sounds similar to those found in English. You therefore need to identify sounds that are problematic and practise thoroughly to master their correct pronunciation.

There are some sounds in English that pose a pronunciation challenge to some students. A case in point is the distinction between the sounds /f/ and /v/. In this lesson you will practise pronouncing the two sounds correctly.

Pronunciation of consonant sounds /f/ and /v/

In Kenya, both teachers and learners are drawn from different ethnic groups, speaking a variety of either related or non- related languages. This explains why people from different communities across the country have challenges in the pronunciation of certain English words and sounds. You therefore need to identify the problematic sounds and practise until you master their correct pronunciation.

Read the following sentences correctly paying close attention to the pronunciation of the sounds /l/ and /r /. Click the repeat button to read again and again until you are able to pronounce the sounds correctly.

Lesson Objectives: 
By the end of the lesson you should be able to pronounce /L/ and /r/ sounds correctly.

Activity 4:
Choose the correct words from the choices given to complete the sentences correctly. 

Pronunciation of consonant sounds /l/ and /r/

In Kenya, both teachers and learners are drawn from different ethnic groups, speaking a variety of either related or non- related languages. This explains why people from different communities across the country have challenges in the pronunciation of certain English words and sounds. You therefore need to identify the problematic sounds and practise pronouncing them until you master their correct pronunciation. 

Listening Comprehension and Note-making
Listening comprehension involves learning, practising and testing the understanding of spoken (oral) text. The focus in this lesson is to enable you to listen, understand, retain and use the information communicated through speech for various purposes.
Under this sub- topic we shall cover the following :

  1. Trickster narratives
  2. Poetry

Listen carefully to the story entitled ‘The Lion and the Hare

You will answer questions after listening to the narrative. 
If you have to listen to the story more than twice, it means you need to sharpen your listening skills.

Objectives: By the end of the lesson, you should be able to:

  1. Identify the features of trickster narratives correctly.
  2. Take notes precisely.
  3. Retell the story effectively.

Trickster Narrative

A narrative is an oral or written story with a moral teaching to the audience or the reader. Narratives are divided into the following categories: Trickster, Ogre, Myths, Legends, Aetiological and Dilemma .

A Trickster Narrative has the following typical features:
a) the trickster
b) the trick
c) the pretence
d) the character being tricked or the one being duped

ACTIVITY

Describe the character of the hare and the lion by choosing the correct character traits from the list and placing them in the appropriate circle.




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EcoleBooks | English Form 1 - Form One English Interactive Series

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