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  1. Discuss the role by telecommunication service in modern society.
    1. Improved communication – The development of telecommunication has revolutionalized communication through the world, between countries, between governments and their citizens and among individuals, ii) Mass entertainment – Telecommunication service such as radio, cinema and

Televisions provide mass entertainment that is unprecedented in history.

This has played an important role in the development of the popular arts, iii)  Education – Telecommunication services that served as a medium for public education. Education by radio and television for example are widely used in many countries, iv) Travel – Telecommunication services have helped to improve travel. For example, ships at sea and planes in the air are kept in constant touch through the marvels of the telecommunications industry.

  1. Exploration of outer space – The development of telecommunication services has enabled people to explore outer space. This has greatly improved our understanding of the way the universe and the earth itself operate.
  1. Warfare – telecommunication services have been widely used in improving weapons and conducting warfare. This has made warfare more destructive than ever before in history.
  2. Cultural imperialism – The modern telecommunication industry is dominated by a few rich countries. These counries are able to dominate and impose their cultural values on the rest of the world. For example, the USA dominates in the production and export of films and television programmes.
  3. Business transaction/advertisement – the development of telecommunication services have led to the improvement of management techniques and systems e.g. computers.
  4. National unity patriotism propaganda on radio e.g. songs


  1. What also has been the result of the development of telecommunication technology in the modern world?
    1. Advancement in telecommunication has increased the speed at which messages are communicated from one point to another.
    2. It has enabled direct personal delivery of messages through the use of telephone, iii)  Led to the introduction of many forms of audio

      – visual forms of entertainment to people in various-parts of the world,

      Facilitated commercial transactions between countries an individuals through the use of telex, fax and telephone.

    v) It has facilitated live transmission of some audio – visual programme, vi)  Promoted audio – visual commercial advertisement of goods/products thus promoting sales and public awareness of the existence of some parts. vii)  Promoted cultural interaction positive or negative between different communities of the world. Thus people have been able to learn more about each other’s culture, viii)
    Enriched learning through the use of audio – visual means of communications, ix)  Promoted the safety of air and water transport as it used to send signals to field pilots and captains.

x)  Used in modern warfare to provide information to the parties involved in the war
xi)  Promoted space research through satellite communication.

 xii)  Provided employment. TV


  1. Describe the results of the development of railway transport during the 19th century.
    1. Railway facilitated transport of goods especially industrial products and raw materials for the industries. ii)  It facilitated transportation of industrial workers/labour, iii) It facilitated the spread of ideas.

    iv) It led to widespread migration and settlement of people.

    It promoted the development of trade.

    vi) It opened up remote areas for economic exploitation e.g. mining, fishing and farming, vii) It strengthened European pacification of their overseas colonies, viii) It led to the development of towns/urban centers.

  2. Give two ways in which air transport has improved trade between nations.
    1. It has improved speed with which nation trade.

      Organizations/individuals are moved.

    2. It has facilitated fast marketing of trade strategies by organizations/individuals, iii)  It has improved transportation of urgent documents and messages relating to trade, iv) It enables fast transportation of perishable goods.


  1. State two effects of the development of railway transport in the 19th century.
    1. It facilitated transportation of bulky goods, ii) It led to expansion of trade, iii) It facilitated industrialization.
    1. It facilitated in the entrenchment of colonial administration/movement of soldier
    2. It facilitated the spread of Christianity.

      Created employment opportunities.

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