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Geometrical Constructions Questions

 

1.  Using a ruler and a pair of compasses only,

a)  Construct a triangle ABC in which AB = 9cm, AC = 6cm and angle BAC = 37½0

  1. Drop a perpendicular from C to meet AB at D. Measure CD and hence find the area of the triangle ABC
  2. Point E divides BC in the ratio 2:3. Using a ruler and Set Square only, determine point E. Measure AE.

 

 

2.  

 

On the diagram, construct a circle to touch line AB at X and passes through the point C.   (3 mks)

3.  Using ruler and pair of compasses only for constructions in this question.

 (a) Construct triangle ABC such that AB=AC=5.4cm and angle ABC=300. Measure BC (4 mks)

 (b) On the diagram above, a point P is always on the same side of BC as A. Draw the

locus of P such that angle BAC is twice angle BPC   (2 mks)

 (c) Drop a perpendicular from A to meet BC at D. Measure AD   (2 mks)

 (d) Determine the locus Q on the same side of BC as A such that the area of triangle

BQC = 9.4cm2   (2 mks)

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4.  (a) Without using a protractor or set square, construct a triangle ABC in which AB = 4cm,  BC = 6cm and ABC = 67½0. Take AB as the base. (3mks)

 Measure AC.

 (b) Draw a triangle A1BC1 which is indirectly congruent to triangle ABC. (3mks)

 (c) Taking the mid point of AB as your centre of rotation (M). find the triangle A11B11C11 the  image of A1B1C1 after -900. (4mks)

5.  Construct triangle ABC in which AB = 4.4 cm, BC = 6.4 cm and AC = 7.4 cm. Construct an escribed circle opposite angle ACB  (5 mks)

(a) Measure the radius of the circle  (1 mk)

(b) Measure the acute angle subtended at the centre of the circle by AB  (1 mk)

(c) A point P moves such that it is always outside the circle but within triangle AOB, where O is the centre of the escribed circle. Show by shading the region within which P lies. (3 mks)

6. (a) Using a ruler and a pair of compasses only, construct a parallelogram PQRS in which PQ = 8cm, QR = 6cm and Image From EcoleBooks.comPQR = 1500  (3 mks)

(b) Drop a perpendicular from S to meet PQ at B. Measure SB and hence calculate the area of the parallelogram.  (5 mks)

(c) Mark a point A on BS produced such that the area of triangle APQ is equal to three quarters the area of the parallelogram  (1 mk)

(d) Determine the height of the triangle. (1 mk)

7.  Using a ruler and a pair of compasses only, construct triangle ABC in which AB = 6cm, BC = 8cm and angle ABC = 45o. Drop a perpendicular from A to BC at M. Measure AM and AC

(4mks)

8.  a) Using a ruler and a pair of compasses only to construct a trapezium ABCD

such that Image From EcoleBooks.com, Image From EcoleBooks.com,Image From EcoleBooks.comandImage From EcoleBooks.com   (5mks)

b)From the point D drop a perpendicular to the line AB to meet the line at E. measure DE hence calculate the area of the trapezium (5mks)

9.  Using a pair of compasses and ruler only;

 (a) Construct triangle ABC such that AB = 8cm, BC = 6cm and angle ABC = 300. (3 marks)

 (b) Measure the length of AC (1 mark)

 (c) Draw a circle that touches the vertices A,B and C. (2 marks)

 (d) Measure the radius of the circle (1 mark)

 (e) Hence or otherwise, calculate the area of the circle outside the triangle. (3 marks)

10.  Using a ruler and a pair of compasses only, construct the locus of a point P such that angle APB = 600 on the line AB = 5cm. (4mks)

Image From EcoleBooks.comImage From EcoleBooks.com

 

 

11.  Using a set square, ruler and pair of compases divide the given line into 5 equal portions.  (3mks)

 

12.  Using a ruler and a pair of compasses only, draw a parallelogram ABCD, such that angle DAB = 750. Length AB = 6.0cm and BC = 4.0cm from point D, drop a perpendicular to meet line AB at N

a) Measure length DN

 b) Find the area of the parallelogram  (10 mks)

13.  Chebochok deposited shs.120,000 in a financial institution which offered a compound

interest at 8% p.a, compounded quarterly for 9 months. Find the accumulated amount by

the end of the period  

 

14.  Using a ruler and a pair of compasses only, draw a parallelogram ABCD in which AB = 6cm,

 BC = 4cm and angle BAD = 60o. By construction, determine the perpendicular distance between

 the lines AB and CD  

 

15.  Without using a protractor, draw a triangle ABC where CAB = 30o, AC = 3.5cm and

AB = 6cm. measure BC

 

16. (a) Using a ruler and a pair of compass only, construct a triangle ABC in which

angle ABC =37.5o, BC =7cm and BA = 14cm

(b) Drop a perpendicular from A to BC produced and measure its height

(c) Use your height in (b) to find the area of the triangle ABC  

(d) Use construction to find the radius of an inscribed circle of triangle ABC  

 

17.  In this question use a pair of compasses and a ruler only

 a) Construct triangle PQR such that PQ = 6 cm, QR = 8 cm and

 b) Construct the height of triangle PQR in (a) above, taking QR as the base

 

18.  On the line AC shown below, point B lies above the line such that BAC = 52.5o and]

AB = 4.2cm.   (Use a ruler and a pair of compasses for this question)

Image From EcoleBooks.com

Image From EcoleBooks.com  

 

(a) Construct BAC and mark point B  

  (b) Drop a perpendicular from B to meet the line AC at point F . Measure BF    

 

19.  Juma paid shs.450 for a trouser after getting a discount of 10%. The trader still made a

profit of 25% on the sale. What profit would the trader have made if no discount was allowed?  

 

 

 

Geometrical constructions Answers

1

Image From EcoleBooks.com

Image From EcoleBooks.com

Area of Image From EcoleBooks.com

Image From EcoleBooks.com AE=

 

 

B1

B1

B1

B1

B1

 

 

B1

M1

A1

B1

B1

 

 

conct 300

conct 150

AB 9cm

AC 6cm

ΔABC

 

 

CD

 

 

Loci of E

For AE

 

2

Image From EcoleBooks.com

B1

 

B1

 

B1

construction of 900at x

 

bisection of line XC and location of centre O

circle drawn

  

3

 

3

Image From EcoleBooks.com

B1

B1

B1

B1

B1

 

B1

B1

B1

B1

B1

length AB = 5.4cm

construction of 300 at B

location of C and ABC

length of BC stated

identification of A as centre

Locus of P drawn. (Bo if circle completed)

dropping of perpendicular

length AD stated

his height

locus of Q drawn

  

10

 

4.

Image From EcoleBooks.com

B1

B1

B1

B1

B1

B1

B1

 

B1

B1

B1

<67½0 constructed

ABC complete

AC = 5.7 0.1

C1Drawn

A1Drawn

A1BC1 completed

Locating M

(midpoint M of AB)

B11 and A11 rotated

C1 rotated

A11B11C11 completed

  

10

 

6.

Image From EcoleBooks.com

 

7.

Image From EcoleBooks.com

AM = 4.2cm, AC = 5.6cm (±0.1cm)

 

 

B1

 

 

 

 

 

B1

 

 

 

 

B1

 

 

Construction of 45o

 

 

 

 

 

ΔABC

 

 

 

 

 dropped from A to BC

  

04

 

9.  (a) Tan 600 = AC

5cm M1

 

AC = 8.6605CM A1

 

 (b) A = ½ x 5 x 8.6605 M1

A = 21.65125 A1

 

  1. 60/360 x r2

 

60/360 x 3.142 x 25 M1

 

 = 13.091cm2 A1

 (d) Area of shaded part  

Δ COA = Δ OBA, sector OCD = OCB

21.65 x 2 = 43.3025cm2  M1

13.091 x 2 = 26.182cm2  M1

 

 Area of shaded part

43.3025 – 26.182 M1

= 17.11225cm2 A1

 

10

10.

Image From EcoleBooks.com

Constant angle locus

 

B1

B1

 

 

B1

 

 

B1

 

Const of 300 at A

Const. of 300 at B

 

 

For one arc constructed

 

 

For lower arc constructed.

11.

Image From EcoleBooks.com

 

 

B1

 

 

 

 

 

B1

 

 

 

 

 

 

B1

 

 

A line drawn slunt to touch the given line at one end.

 

 

 

Subdivided to 5 equal

Sections

 

 

 

 

 

Parallel lines drawn from slunt line to touch the given line

.All complete

  

03

 

12.

Image From EcoleBooks.com

 

a) length of ON = 3.9cm

b) area = 6×3.9

= 23.4cm2

B1

B1

B1

B1

B1

B1

B1

B1

B1

A1

Both 900 & 600at A

750 at A

900&600 at B

750 drawn at point B

Both AB=6cm and BC = 4cm

Parallelogram completed

 drawn

  

10

 

 

13.  A = 120000 ( 1 + 8/100 x ¼ )3

 

 120000 (1.02)3 = 127344.95

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14.

 Image From EcoleBooks.com

15.   BC = 3.5 cm + 0.1 B1


B1   construction of ∠CAB.

B1  completion of triangle.

Image From EcoleBooks.comN/B/ Arcs should be seen in order to award the above marks.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16.  Height = ± 8.7 1cm

( ½ x 7 x 8.7) 30.45cm2

2 1cm

17.  Give 1m of correct and complete triangle

Image From EcoleBooks.comCorrect angle

Correct construction of the height

18.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

19.  Marked price = 100 x 450 = shs.500

  90

Cost = 100 x 450 = shs.360

25

Profit = 500 – 360

= shs. 140

 


 




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