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1.  a)  State five cities of indigenous religion among the Kenya.

  1. Religion provided spiritual care to members of society/people to

    Communicate prayers/services/sacrifice/knowledge for repentance.

  2. Religion set moral standards in society.
  3. It promoted unity and harmony in society.
  4. Religious leaders played advisory roles in matters affecting society

Guidance and counseling/offering/sacrifices.

  1. Religion provides the basis for secular laws.
  2. It was used to unite them against foreign invasion.
  3. It served as a link between spiritual world and man/communicate with god
  4. It provided answers to the mysteries of nature
  5. Medicine men used religion to treat the sick.

 b)  Describe the religious beliefs and practices of the May a.

  1. They worshipped many gods and goddesses.
  2. They believed in a supreme god called Hunab/Ku/Kunab

    Kin/Creator god.

  3. They worshipped in stone temple.
  4. They offered animal sacrifices to the gods.
  5. They appeased their gods with human blood.
  6. Priests presided over religious functions and ceremonies.
  7. They believed in the existence of life after death. viii)  They believed in the existence of heaven and hell, ix)  They believed in the existence of god gods (spirits) and bad gods.
  8. They believed life is a struggle between good and bad.
  9. They buried the dead with some of their belongings e.g. food to

use thereafter, xii)  They made carving of their gods on temples, xiii) They believed that those who died while defending the community

and those offered as sacrifice to gods went straight to heaven. xiv) Members of the public worshipped by singing and dancing outside the temples xv) Believe maize was given by god who determines different


  1. Maya believed in the predestination of mankind.
  2. Believed that there were 13 layers of the sky and each layer had a

    god in charge.

  3. Believed that the sky was supported by trees with a god at every


  1. a)  Give five features of traditional religion in Ancient Egypt.
    1. Belief in many gods and goddesses (polycyesis)
    2. Belief in life after death
    3. They had priests
    4. Image From EcoleBooks.comThey buried the dead with property. v)  Belief in the hierarchical importance’s of gods – Ra, the sun god being most powerful.

      vi)  Belief in judgment after life. vii)  Worshipped in temples. viii) Offering sacrifices to gods to appease them. ix)  Built temples for their gods to appease them.

    b) Describe the role played by the traditional religion in Ancient Egypt.

    1. The Egyptians traditional religion acted as unifying factor in the community especially in times of difficult/created harmony/law and order.
    2. It gave meaning to the mysteries of nature for example, in the

      event of natural calamities, the traditional priests offered explanations, iii) Religious leaders offered political and religious guidance to the community for instance, priests advised the Pharaoh, (the priest in alliance with the nobles could reject the Pharaoh).

    3. Religion was the basis of the Egyptians moral values e.g. respect, obedience, it thus guided the behaviour of individual members of the society.
    4. Religion provided Egyptians with hope and courage especially in

      times of problems.

    5. Religion was a source of socialization. vii) Religion offered

      Image From EcoleBooks.comprotection and security to the Egyptians.
    6. Religion influenced architectural/arts in Egypt/building of pyramids and temples.
    7. Religion influenced education. The priests were the teachers in the


    8. Religion was the basis for secular laws.
  2. a) Identify three indigenous religious beliefs and practices of the Yoruba.
    1. Belief and worship of one god.
    2. Belief in existence of ancestral spirits. iii)

      Belief in life after death.

    3. Making offering and sacrifices to God and ancestral spirits.
    4. Worshipped God in shrines.
    5. Use of religious God in shrines, vii) Use of religious leader/priests to intercede for them.

 b)  Explain the importance of religion in a society.

i)  Religion has been used to give explanation to the mysteries beyond man’s understanding. For example, occurrences of lightening and death ii)  Religion contributed to the development of formal education by

building schools.

iii)  Religion inculcates (teaches) moral values and provide a moral code of conduct to people/how to behave. iv)  Religion provides hope and meaning to life.

v)  Religion act as a moral conscience of society. vi)  Temples inspired writings vii) Sacred art work and pictures have influenced modern works of art.

viii) Religion strengthens and cements bonds of human brotherhood and provides cultural.

  1. a)  Describe beliefs the religion beliefs and practices of traditional

    Yoruba Society.

    i)  Yoruba people believe in the existence of one supreme being/god known as Olourn. ii) They believed in the life existence of other lesser gods e.g. God of wisdom and war.

    1. They believed in the existence of spirits/ancestral worship.
    2. Yoruba priests and divines interpreted god’s messages to the people/they acted as intermediaries,
    3. They offered sacrifices to God and the spirits. These were presided over by the priest and diviners.
    4. Religious functions were conducted in special places/shrines. vii) Stages in life e.g. birth, puberty and marriage were accompanied by festivals and rituals.

    viii) They believed in life and death. ix) Believed in mysterious powers.

 b)  Explain the importance of religion among the Yoruba.

  1. Religion provided answers/explanations to mysteries that were beyond human comprehension e.g. drought, epidemics and death.
  2. It was a source of moral standards for the Yoruba. It provided moral guidelines.
  3. It was the basis of Yoruba laws. iv) I linked the living and the dead thus gave continuity of life.

v) It gave significance and divine purpose to the different stages of a person’s life, vi) It provided meaningful spiritual and leisure activities e.g.

participation in religious ceremonies and rituals, vii)

It was used by leaders/kings to unite the people.

  1. What similar roles were played by priest in both Egyptians and Yoruba traditional religions?
    1. In both cases priests acted as intermediaries between god and the


    1. They presided over religious functions and activities/offered sacrifice. iii)  They interpreted divine messages and messages from the ancestors to the people.
    2. They advised and controlled the powers of the Kings/rulers on the administration matters.
    3. They controlled the power of kings. vi)  They

      predicted/foretold the future.

  2. Identify two ways in which Yoruba worshipped their gods. u

    i)  They offered prayers in shrines. ii)  They offered sacrifices to the gods.

    iii)  Priests presided over the offering of sacrifices/prayers. iv) Gave offering to their god.

  3. Identify the main reason why Egyptians buries the dead with their belongings.

    The dead were buried with their belongings because they would use them in the new world/they believed in life after death.

  4. State two duties of the priests in Yoruba traditional religion.

    i) They interpreted the wished of the gods/god’s messages. ii) They acted as mediators between the gods and the people.

    1. They officiated in religious activities/presided over religious functions.
    2. They were consulted before important decisions were made.
    3. They predicted the future.
    4. They led people in public and private prayers/conducted prayers.

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