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FORM ONE BIOLOGY

By the end of form one work, the learner should be able to:

  • Define
    Biology
  • List the branches of Biology
  • Explain the importance of Biology
  • State and explain some of the characteristics of organisms
  • State and explain some of the general characteristics of organisms
  • Explain the external features of plants and animals
  • Write down the difference between plants and animals
  • Define classification
  • Use the magnifying lens to observe the external features of plants/ animals
  • Record observations of the main external features of plant leaf form
  • Draw different types of leaf forms
  • Observe, record and draw
    the main external features of plants
  • Observe ,record and draw the main external features of animals
  • State the necessity and significance of classification
  • Name the major units of classification
  • Name the five kingdoms of living things
  • List the taxonomic units in plant and animal kingdoms
  • Classify maize and human beings
  • Define Binomial nomenclature
  • State the principles of Binomial nomenclature In naming organisms
  • Use collecting nets, cutting instructions instruments and hand lens
  • Preserve collected specimen
  • Observe and group collected and preserved specimen according to their similarities
  • Define a cell
  • Draw and label the light microscope
  • Identify parts of the light microscope and state their functions
  • Describe how to care for a light microscope
  • Describe how a light microscope is used
  • Draw and label plant and animal cells as seen under a light microscope
  • Calculate the magnification of objects as seen under a light microscope
  • Observe a prepared slide under a light microscope
  • Prepare temporary slide of onion epidermis and observe it under a light microscope
  • Draw and label plant and animal cells as seen under electron microscope
  • Describe the structure and function of the cell
    • Cell wall
    • Cell membrane
    • Cytoplasm
  • Describe the structure and function of the cell organelles
  • Estimate the size of a cell as seen in the field of view of a microscope
  • Write down the differences between plants and animal cells
  • Write down similarities between plant and animal cells
  • List down specialized plant and animal cells
  • State the modifications and functions of specialized cells
  • Define tissues, organs and organ systems
  • Give examples of tissues organs and organ systems
  • Define the term cell physiology
  • Describe the structure and properties of cell membrane
  • Define diffusion
  • Carry out experiments to demonstrate
    • diffusion in liquids
    • diffusion in gasses
  • Explain the factors affecting diffusion
  • Explain the role of diffusion in living things
  • Define osmosis
  • Describe movement of water molecules across semi-permeable membrane
  • define and describe the terms used in the study of osmosis such as:
    • Osmotic pressure
    • Osmotic potential
    • Isotonic solution
    • Hypertonic solution
    • Hypotonic solution
    • Turgor pressure
    • Hemolysis
    • Wall pressure
    • Plasmolysis
    • Deplasmolysis
  • carry out an experiment on selective permeability of membrane
  • State factors affecting osmosis
  • Explain the role of osmosis in organisms
  • Explain the factors affecting osmosis
  • Describe what happens when a plant cell is placed in a hypertonic, hypotonic or isotonic solution
  • Carry out an experiment to show plasmolysis in epidermal cells of an onion bulb
  • Describe osmosis of animal cells in a hypertonic solution
  • List down factors affecting active transport
  • Define active transport
  • Define the role of active transport in living things
  • Define nutrition
  • Write down the importance of nutrition
  • List down the modes of feeding in organisms
  • Draw and label the external structure of a leaf
  • Draw and label the internal structure of the leaf
  • Name the parts of a leaf
  • State the functions of the parts of a leaf
  • Define photosynthesis
  • Draw and label the chloroplast
  • Describe the process of photosynthesis
  • List down the importance of photosynthesis
  • Explain some of the factors influencing photosynthesis
  • Explain the factors affecting photosynthesis
  • Explain how the leaf is adapted to the process of photosynthesis
  • Test the presence of starch in a green leaf
  • Investigate whether chlorophyll is necessary for photosynthesis
  • Investigate whether light is necessary for photosynthesis
  • carry out an experiment to investigate whether
    • Carbon (IV) oxide is necessary for photosynthesis
    • Oxygen is produced during photosynthesis
  • Define Chemicals of life
  • List down types of carbohydrates
  • Write down properties and functions of monosaccharaides
  • Define disaccharides
  • List properties and functions of disaccharides
  • Define hydrolysis and condensation
  • Define polysaccharides and lipids
  • Write down the properties of polysaccharides and lipids
  • carry out tests on
    • Starch
    • Reducing sugars
    • Non-reducing sugar
    • Lipids
    • Proteins
    • Vitamin c
  • Write down the properties and functions of proteins
  • Distinguish between carbohydrates, proteins and lipids
  • Define enzymes
  • Write down the properties and functions of enzymes
  • Know the naming of the enzymes and their substrates
  • Explain the importance of enzymes
  • carry out an experiment on
    • Effect of temperature on enzymes
    • Effects of enzyme concentration on the rate of a reaction
    • Effect of PH on enzyme activities
  • Define hetetrophism
  • List down the different modes of heterotrophism and describe them
  • Define dentition
  • Draw and label different types of teeth
  • Describe the structure of a tooth
  • Identify different types of teeth
  • Describe the adaptations of the teeth to their functions
  • Define dental formulae
  • Describe and write down the dental formulae of herbivore carnivore and omnivore

 

  • Write down the definition of herbivores, carnivores and omnivores
  • Explain the adaptations of dental formulae in various groups of animals, to their mode of feeding
  • Draw and label the internal structure of different types of teeth
  • Write down the functions of the different parts of the internal structure of teeth
  • Name and discuss common dental diseases
  • Write down the adaptations of herbivores to their mode of feeding
  • Write down the adaptations of carnivores to their modes of feeding
  • Identify various organs associated with the digestive system of a rabbit
  • Draw and label parts of the human digestive system
  • Describe the regions of the alimentary canal of human digestive system
  • Explain the functions of the human digestive system
  • Describe the various regions of the human alimentary canal and their functions
  • Describe how the ileum is adapted to its function
  • Analyze the food content in the alimentary canal of a herbivore
  • Carry out an experiment on the breakdown of starch by diastase enzymes
  • Describe how the ileum is farther adapted to its functions
  • Explain the end products of the digestion of various food
  • Explain the function of the colon
  • Explain the process of assimilation of food substances
  • Write down the summary of chemical digestion in alimentary canal
  • Write down the importance of vitamins in human nutrition
  • Write down the sources of vitamins
  • State deficiency diseases of various vitamins
  • Write down the importance of mineral salts in human nutrition
  • State the source of mineral salts
  • State the deficiency diseases of mineral salts
  • Write down the role of roughage in nutrition
  • Write down the role of water in nutrition
  • Discuss factors which determine energy requirements in human beings
  • Participate in group discussions and present findings on factors that determine energy requirements in human beings


     




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EcoleBooks | Biology Form 1 Notes : Syllabus – Full Summary Concepts

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1 Comment

  • EcoleBooks | Biology Form 1 Notes : Syllabus – Full Summary Concepts

    Jemimmah, January 22, 2024 @ 4:56 pm Reply

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