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TRUSTEE
The Debenture Deed will appoint a trustee for the debenture holders whose work is to safe guard the interest of the debenture holders. On the breach of the Trust deed, the trustee will appoint a receiver who will seize the security (property) and apply if for the benefit of the debenture holders’ arrangement for the repayment of the debenture issue.
REDEMPTION OF DEBENTURES
Debentures can be bought back (redeemed) using the following methods:-
(a) Sinking fund method / Debenture Redemption fund method.
Under this method a fixed sum calculated from the sinking fund tables is set aside and invested in outside securities which together with interest compounded annually and calculated using a fixed rate, a sufficient sum will them be available to redeem (repay & the debentures on their maturity.
(i) At the end of the first year:-
(a) Dr. P & L appropriation A/c with the annual appro.
Cr. Sinking fund A/c / Debenture redemption sum set aside.
(b) Dr. Sinking fund investment A/c / Debenture Redemption fund
Investment A/c.
Cr. Cash / Bank A/c with the equipment amount invested.
(ii) At the end of the second and subsequent years.
Dr. P. & L appropriation A/c with interest received on investment
Cr. Sinking Fund A/c

(b) Dr. Cash / Bank A/c with interest received on investment.
Cr. Sinking Fund A/c
(c)Dr. Sinking Fund investment A/c with both the fixed sum (+)
Cr. Cash / Bank A/c interest now being re invested.
(iii) At the end of the final year (the year of redemption:-
(a) Dr. P& L appropriation A/c with the fixed sum set a side
Cr. Sinking fund A/c investment
(b) Dr. Cash / Bank A/c with interest received on investment
Cr. Sinking fund A/c
NB: At the end of the final years, no further investment is made instead of security will be sold out.
Entries :-
(i) Dr. Cash / Bank A/c with cash received on sale of the
Cr. Sinking fund investment A/c investment.
(ii)Dr. Sinking Fund Investment A/c with profit on sale of the investment
Cr. Sinking fund A/c
NB: The balancing figure on the sinking fund A/c after the debentures have been redeemed, will be transferred to the general reserve.
Entry:-
Dr. Sinking fund A/c with transfer of the balance
Cr. Reserve A/c
EXERCISE
Debentures of Tshs. 30000 are issued on 1st Jan. 2003. Redemption is to take place on equal terms four years later. The company decided to set aside an equal amount to be invested at 5% which will provide Tshs. 30000 on maturity. Tables show that Tshs. 0.232012 invested annually will produce sh. 1 in 4 years time.
You’re required to show:-
(a)Debenture redemption reserve A/c (sinking fund / Debentures redemption A/c)
(b)Debenture sinking fund investment A/c
(c)Debentures
(d) Profit and Loss extracts

DR SINKING FUND ACCOUNT CR
1.1.2004
Balance b/d
6960
31.12.04
balance c/d
14,268
31.12.04
P & L Appr.
6960
31.12.04
cash(interest)
348
14268
14268

1/1/2005
Balance b/d
14,268
31.12.05
P & L Appr
6960
31.12.05
balance c/d
21941
cash(interest)
713
21941

21941
1/1/2006
Balance b/d
21941
31.12.06
Debenture Reserve
30,000
31.12.06
P & L Appr
6960

8057
31.12.06
cash(interest)
1097
31.12.06
Deb.sink.fund inv.
8059
38057
38057
PURCHASE IN THE OPEN MARKET
At times a company can buy its own debentures in the open market. This practice should be allowed by the terms of issue.
This brings a financial sense if the market value is below the present value of the further interest payments plus the sum payable on redemption.
The debentures can be bought back for cancellation. The purchase of debentures in the open market can be ex-int or cum – int.
If it is ex – int, then this means it is without interest, and therefore interest has to be calculated and added to the purchase price.
And if it’s cum – int, then this means it is with interest and therefore for recording purpose, the interest included should be deducted from the total price paid.
Entries:-
Purchases of debentures for cancellation
(i)Purchase of own debentures in the open market.
Dr. Investment in own debentures A/c
Cr. Cash / Bank A/c
(ii)Pre – acquisition interest included in the purchase price.
Dr. Debenture interest A/c
Cr. Investment in own debentures A/c
(iii)Cancellation of the debentures (Nominal value)
Dr. Redeemable debentures
Cr. Investment in own debentures A/c
(iv)Profit on
cancellation of the debentures.
Dr. Investment in own debentures A/c
Cr. Sinking fund A/c / Debenture Redemption fund A/c
(v)The balance on the sinking fund A/c after all the debentures has been cancelled.
Dr. sinking fund A/c
Cr. Reserve A/c
Example:-
Super Mnyanyue Company had some years ago issued Tshs. 400,000 12% redeemable debentures. Under the terms of the trust deed the debentures would be redeemed or bought back on the open market at anytime. A sinking fund had been established for this purpose.
On 1st January 1998 the balance on debenture redemption fund was Tshs. 152400 and on debenture redemption fund investment Tshs. 112800.
The following transactions occurred during 1999:-
Jan. 14: Sinking fund investment bought Tshs. 38100.
May 16: Sinking fund investment income received Tshs. 8700
June 30: Debenture interest paid for half year Tshs. 24000
Sept. 15: Sinking fund investment sold (costing Tshs. 57000), Tshs. 61200
Sept. 30: Tshs. 60000/- debenture bought back on open moment at 97 and cancelled Tshs. 58200.
Oct. 16: Sinking fund income received Tshs. 5100.
Nov. 21: Sinking fund investment sold (cost Tshs. 43200) Tshs. 40,000.
Nov. 30: Tshs. 40000 debentures redeemed at 96 ci on open market and cancelled Tshs.
38400.
Dec.31: Debenture interest paid Tshs. 18000
Dec 31: Annual appropriation Tshs. 32000
Open, post and balance the appropriate accounts to record the above.
Solution:-
DR DEBENTURE REDEMPTION FUND ACCOUNT CR
21-Nov
Deb.Red fund inv.
3200
Balance b/d
152,400
31/12
General reserve
100,000
16-May
cash(income)
8700
Deb.red.fund.inv
profit on sale
4200
16-Oct
cash(income)
5100
30-Sep
invest.in own deb(profit)

30-Nov
inv.in own(profit)
3600
31-Dec
P & L A ppr
32000
209,600
209600
DR DEBENTURE REDEMPTION F
UND INVESTMENT ACCOUNT CR
1-Jan
Balance b/d
112,800
16-Sep
cash
61,200
14-Jan
cash(purchase)
38,100
21-Nov
cash
40,000
16-Sep
Deb.red.fund
21-Nov
Deb.Red.fund
3200
profit on sale
4200
Balance c/d
50700
155,100
155,100

DR 12%DEBENTURE INTEREST ACCOUNT CR
30-Jun
cash
24,000
31dec
P&l
45,800
30-Sep
investment in own
1800
30-Nov
investment in own
2000

31-Dec
cash
18,000
45,800
45,800
DR INVESTMENT IN OWN DEBENTURE ACCOUNT CR

30-Sep
cash

58200
30-Sep
12% Deb.interest
1800
30-Sep
Deb.Red fund(profit)
3600
30-Sep
Redeem deb
60,000
30-Nov
cash
38400
30-Nov
Deb.interest
2000
Deb.Red fund(profit)
3600
30-Nov
Redeem deb
40,000
103,800
103,800
Interest included = 3 month 60,000 x 12 x 3 = 1800
100 12
Interest included = 5 month: 40,000 x 12
x 5 = 2000
100 12
DR 12% REDEEMABLE DEBENTURE ACCOUNT CR
30-Sep
invest in own
60,000
Balance b/d
400,000
30-Nov
invest in own
40,000
31-Dec
Bal.c/d
300,000

400,000
400,000
EXERCISE
1. Eight years ago Trafalgar Co. Ltd had issued Tshs. 300,000 12% Debentures. Interest was payable on both June 30th and Dec. 31st. Under the terms of the trust deed, the debentures could be redeemed on bought back on the married at any time after 1st Jan. 1999. A sinking fund had been established for this purpose.
On 1st Jan. 1994, the balance on debentures redemption fund Tshs 246,250 and on debenture redemption fund investment Tshs. 203,500.
The following transactions took place for the year 1994:-
Jan: Sinking fund investment bought for Tshs. 42,600
May 25: Sinking fund investment income received Tshs. 9230.
June 30: Debenture interest paid 800
Aug. 14: Sinking fund investment sold (cost Tshs. 71,200) for Tshs. 79600.
Aug. 31 Tshs. 100,000 debentures bought back on open market at 97 cum – int and cancelled.
Sept. 30: Tshs. 100,000 debentures bought back on open market at 96 cum-int and cancelled.
Oct. 24: Sinking fund investment income received Tshs. 8920.
Dec. 19: Sinking fund investment sold (cost Tshs. 82500) for Tshs. 81000
Dec. 31: Debenture interest paid
Dec 31: Annual appropriation Tshs. 44,000
Required:
Open post and balance the appropriate ledger accounts to record the above transactions.
DR DEBENTURES REDEMPTION ACCOUNT CR

19-Feb
Deb.red.fund.inve
1500
Balance b/d
246,250
31-Dec
General reserve
200,000
25-May
cash(income)
9230
14-Aug
Deb.red.fund inve
8400
24-Oct
cash(income)
8920
30-Sep
investment in own Deb.
7000
31-Aug
investment in own Deb.
5000
31-Dec
P & L Appr
44,000
328,800
328,800

DR DEBENTURES REDEMPTION FUND INVESTMENT ACCOUNT CR
Balance b/d
203,500
14-Aug
cash(sale)
79,600
19-Dec
cash(sale)
81,000
19-Feb
Deb.red.fund(loss)
1500
31-Dec
Balance c/d
92,400
254,500
254,500
1-Jan
Balance b/d

92400
DR 12% DEBENTURE INTEREST ACCOUNT CR
30-Jun
cash
18,000
31-Dec
P & L
29,000
8/31/9/31
invest.in.own.deb
2000
invest.in.own.deb
3000
cash
6000
29,000
29,000
DR INVESTMENT ON DEBENTURE ACCOUNT CR

31-Aug
cash
97,000
31-Aug
Redeemable deb.
100,000
30-Sep
cash
96,000
31-Aug
Debenture interest
2000
31-Aug
Deb,red,fund(profit)
5000
30-Sep
Redeemable debenture
100,000
30-Sep
Deb,red,fund(profit)
7000
Sep-31
Debenture interest
3000
205,000
205,000
DR REDEEMABLE DEBENTURES ACCOUNT CR
31-Aug
invest.own.Deb
100,000
Balance b/d
300,000
30-Sep
invest.own.Deb
100,000
31-Dec
Balance c/d
100,000
300,000

ecolebooks.com
300,000
Interest 30/6: 300,000 x 12 x 6 = 18,000
100 12
31/12: 100,000 x 12 x 6 = 6000
100 12
2. Some years ago Mplc had issued 375,000 of 10% debenture. 2000/2010 at par. The term of the issue allow the company the right to purchase these debentures for collection at or below per with an option to redeem at a premium of 1 percent, on 30 Sept. 2006. The exercise this option the company must give three months notice which it dully did on 30 June 2003 indicating its intention to redeem all the debenture outstanding at 30th Sept. 2006.
MPLC had established a sinking fund designed o accumulate the sum of Tshs. 378750 by 30 September 2006 and had appropriated profits annually and invested these, together with the interest from such investments and profits made on any realizations from time to time.
A special No. 2 bank account was established specifically to deal with the receipts and payments relating to the debentures and the sinking fund.
By 30 June 2006 annual contributions amounting to Tshs. 1334,485 together with the interest on the sinking fund investment of 39480 had all been invested except for 2475 which remained in the No. 2 account at the date.
The only investment sold, prior to 30th June 2006 had cost 144,915 and realized 147,243. This was used to re purchase debenture with a par value of 150,000.
Transactions accruing between 1 July and 30th Sept. 2006 were:
(i) Interest received on the sinking fund investment
7th July 1,756
13th Sep. 1,455
(ii) Proceeds from the sale of investments:-
2nd Aug. 73,215 (Book value was 69322)
25th Sept. 160,238 (remaining investment)
(iii) Redemption of all debentures on 30th Sept. with the exception of 15,000 held by B. Limited. The company had received notice of a gamishee order.
(iv) MPLC deposited with the W. Bank P/C the sum of 15,150 on 30th Sept. 2006. (You are required to ignore debenture interest and income tax).
Required:-
From the information given above to prepare the ledger accounts (Including the No. 2 bank A/category/0 in the books of MPLC for the period 30th June to 30 Sept. 2006.
Showing the transfer:
Solution
Sinking fund investment
Annual contribution
334485
Add; interest
39480
profit on sale of investment
2328
profit o purchases
2757
379050
less; Debenture purchased
150,000
229,050
Sinking fund investment
Annual contribution
334485
Add; interest(39480 -2475)
37005
37490
less; investment sold
144915

226575
Debenture
original value
375,000
less; Debenture purchased
150,000
225,000
DR BANK ACCOUNT CR
Balance b/d
2475
W.Bank
15150

interest
1756
Deb.redeemable
212100
interest
1455
Total inv.sold
233453
Balance c/d
11889
239,139
239139
DR SINKING FUND ACCOUNT CR
Prem.on redemption
2250
Balance b/d
229,050
236,889
interest on debenture
1756
interest
1455
profit on sale
3893
profit on sale

2985
239,139
239,139
DR SINKING FUND INVESTMENT ACCOUNT CR

Balance b/d
226575
sale of investment
73215
profit on sale
3893
sale of investment
160238
profit on sale
2985
233,453
233,453
DR DEBENTURE ACCOUNT CR
Debenture Redemption
225,000
Balance b/d
225,000
225,000
225,000
DR DEBENTURE REDEMPTION ACCOUNT CR
Bank
212100
10% Debenture
225,000
Balance c/d
15150
Premium on redemption

2250
227,250
227,250
(iii) Annual drawings out of profit:-
In this case, an amount equal to the nominal value of the debenture to be redeemed is debited to the P & L appropriation A/c and credited to the Debenture redemption reserve A/c, the balance of which will be transferred to the capital. Reserve A/c once all the debentures have been redeemed.
Accounting entries:-
(a) Annual appropriation of the nominal value of the debentures redeemed:-
Dr. P & L Appropriation a/c
Cr. Debenture redemption reserve A/c
(b) Director’s approval of the redemption of the debenture (Nominal value):-
Dr. Redeemable debenture A/c
Cr. Debenture redemption A/c
(c) Premium payable on redemption:-
Dr. Share premium and or P&L appropriation
31.12.2004
Deb.Red.
50,000
1.1.2004
Balance b/d
100,000
31.12.2004
Balance c/d
50,000
100,000
100,000
31.12.2005
Deb.redemption
50,000
1.1.2005
Balance b/d
50,000

50,000
50,000
31.12.2004
Balance c/d
450,000
1.1.2004
Balance b/d
400,000

P & L Appr.
50,000
450,000
450,000
31.12.2005
Capital reserve
500,000
1.1.2005
Balance b/d
450,000
31.12.2005
P & L Appr.
50,000
500,000
500,000
31.12.2004
cash
47500

31.12.2004
12% Red.debenture
50,000
31.12.2004
P & L
2500
50,000
50,000
31.12.2004
cash
50,000
1.1.2005
12% Deb.red
50,000
50,000
50,000
30.06.2004
cash
6000
31.12.2004
P & L
12,000
30.06.2004
cash
6000
12,000
12,000
1.12.2005
cash
3000
31.12.2005
P & L
6000
31.12.2005
cash
3000
6000
6000


EcoleBooks | ACCOUNTANCY A LEVEL(FORM SIX) NOTES - COMPANY ACCOUNT 1.5

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