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FIRST TERM E-LEARNING NOTE

 

SUBJECT: CULTURAL AND CREATIVE ART   CLASS: JSS 2

 

SCHEME OF WORK

 

WEEKS TOPICS

1. The Study of Colours.

2. Elements of Art and Design

3.Principles of Art and Design

4.Design in Theatre

5.Dance

6.Self – Control

7. Voice Training

8. Origin of Music

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9. History of Music

10. The Study of Colours (Colour Application)

11. Revision

12. Examination

 

REFERENCE TEXTBOOKS

  1. Cultural and Creative Art (New Edition) by Peter Akinyemi& Co-Authors. (Book 1)
  2. Cultural and Creative Art (New Edition) by Peter Akinyemi& Co-Authors. (Book 2)
  3. Cultural and Creative Art (New Edition) by Peter Akinyemi& Co-Authors. (Book 3)

 

1ST TERM PROJECTS

  1. Construct a typical stage environment using real materials.
  2. Produce a colour wheel showing the primary, secondary and tertiary colours.
  3. Paint a composition of fruits depicting their local colours.

 

 

WEEK ONE

TOPIC: THE STUDY OF COLOURS

SUB-TOPICS

  1. Meaning of Colour.
  2. Classification / Types of Colour.

 

MEANING OF COLOUR

Colour is viewed in various forms. Colour is the effect produced when light strikes an object and

is reflected back to the eyes. To the artists, they see colour as the pigment or hue. Scientists see colour as the decomposition of white light reflected through a spectrum. Objects around us have various hues which is actually their local colour.

 

CLASSIFICATION OF COLOURS

  1. PRIMARY COLOURS: Primary colours are the basic colours that cannot be obtained by mixing any other colours together. The primary triads are red, yellow and blue.
  2. SECONDARY COLOURS: Secondary colours are colours that emerged from the equal combination of two primary colours. Two primary colours are mixed in equal quantity to obtain a secondary colour. The examples are shown below:

RED + YELLOW= ORANGE

PC  PC  Secondary colour

BLUE + RED = PURPLE OR VIOLET

PC  PC Secondary colour

BLUE + YELLOW = GREEN

PC  PC   Secondary colour

  1. TERTIARY COLOURS: Tertiary colours are derived from the mixture of two secondary colours.
  2. INTERMEDIATE COLOURS- Intermediate colours are derived from the mixture of a primary and a neighbouring secondary colour
  3. HARMONIOUS COLOURS:Harmonious colour arecolours that belong to the same family. They are closely related and can blend well together in a painting. Harmonious colours are also called analogous colour.
  4. COMPLIMENTARY COLOURS: Complimentary colours are colours that are opposite each other on the colour wheel. A primary colour compliments a secondary colour. The examples are shown below:

RED is complimentary to GREEN

PC SC

BLUE is complimentary to ORANGE

PC SC

YELLOW is complimentary to PURPLE OR VIOLET

PC   SC

  1. NEUTRAL COLOURS: Neutral colours are independent colours which include WHITE and BLACK .The mixture of white and black forms grey or ash.Neutral colours can be added to other colours to brighten and darken them. WHITE mixed with a colour forms a tint while BLACK mixed with a colourforms a shade.

 

EVALUATION

  1. Define colour.
  2. List and explain any two types of colours.

 

GENERAL EVALUATION

  1. State the elements of art and design and explain any two art elements.
  2. List the principles of art and design and explain any two art principles.

 

READING ASSIGNMENT

Cultural and Creative Art (New Edition) by Peter Akinyemi.(Book 2)Pages 15 – 22.

 

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. Which one of these classes of colour cannot be derived by mixing any other colours together?

    (a) Secondary colour (b) Primary colour (c) Intermediate colour (d) Tertiary colour

  2. ………….colours are obtained by mixing two primary colours equally.(a) Secondary (b) Primary (c) Intermediate (d) Harmonious
  3. The mixture of two secondary colours forms a …………………colour.(a) tertiary (b) secondary (c) intermediate (d) complimentary
  4. White, black and grey are ………colour. (a) harmonious (b) intermediate (c) tertiary (d) neutral
  5. Colours that are directly opposite each other on the colour wheel are called…..(a) intermediate colour (b)harmonious colour (c) complimentary colour (d) tertiary colour

 

THEORY

  1. State a vivid definition of colour.
  2. Differentiate between tint and shade.

 

 

WEEK TWO

TOPIC: ELEMENTS OF ART AND DESIGN

SUB-TOPICS

  1. Meaning of Elements of Art and Design.
  2. The Elements of Art and Design.
  3. Application of the Elements of Art and Design.

     

MEANING OF ELEMENTS OF ART AND DESIGN

Elements of art and design are the basic tools used to solve artistic problems. Suffice to say that elements of art and design are the fundamental things or ingredients that are observed in any work of art, which equally make up any work of art.

 

THE ELEMENTS OF ART AND DESIGN

They are as follows:

  1. Line
  2. Colour
  3. Shape
  4. Texture
  5. Value or tone
  6. Form
  7. Space

 

MEANING AND APPLICATION OF THE ELEMENTS OF ART AND DESIGN

  1. LINE: Line is the mark that spans a distance between two points. It is simply the distance between two points. Line is also the point or dot in motion. Line is one art element that encloses space in order to form a shape. Line is applied as a means of drawing the outline of things using various drawing media like pencil, charcoal, crayon and chalk pastel. Line is used to express the outline of objects on paper.

 

  1. COLOUR: The effect of colour is produced when light strikes an object and is reflected back to the eyes. The meaning of colour differs from artists and scientist. Artists view colour as the pigment or hue while scientists view as the decomposition of white light observed through a spectrum. Colour is applied when using sable or hog brush to paint and design sketched objects including free standing artworks and relief artworks.

 

  1. SHAPE: Shape is the outlined edge of an object. Shapes like triangle, square, rectangle and circle can be used to create beautiful patterns and also compose free standing objects using paper. Every object has a unique shape which serves a guide to the artist when drawing.

 

  1. TEXTURE: Texture is the surface feeling, surface quality or touch value of an object. It is the way a work of art actually feels when touched with the hands. The texture of an artwork can either be rough, smooth, coarse or fine. The artist creates pleasant effects on his or her artwork by making it rough or smooth, coarse or fine.

 

  1. VALUE OR TONE: Value is the relation of one part of a picture or drawing to the other part with reference to the degree of lightness and darkness. The effect of value is applied in drawing and painting. After making a sketch of composed objects, shade or paint one part of the composed drawn objects in order to show effect of light and shade. In terms of painting, one part of the composed drawn objects should have a lighter hue and the other part a darker hue. It comes in various degrees of colour like dark tone, middle tone ,light tone and highlight. Toning of colours can be achieved by making a colour either light or dark. For instance ,you can make a colour light or bright by adding white to it. E.g. WHITE AND BLUE when mixed together produces a lighter hue SKY BLUE (TINT) ,while you can disintensify or reduce the quality of a colour by mixing BLACK AND BLUE to produce a darker hue NAVY BLUE (SHADE) .

 

  1. FORM: Form is visible appearance of an object in space. It is the shape of anything that has mass or volume. For example, a horse has a real form which makes it unique. Form is viewed by the artist as a king of contour and visible structure of any perceived idea. Therefore, there is a close relationship between form and shape as they are sometimes viewed to be the same or as one being a substitute to the other. Sphere, cube, cuboid, cylinder and cone are three dimensional forms.

 

  1. SPACE: Space is where the artist provides for executing a work of art. The area where a work of art is intended to occupy is called space. From another perspective, space is the open area where a work of art is created. In drawing, the artist should mark out the space of the paper where he or she is to execute his or her drawing so that the sketched objects do not go out of the paper.

 

EVALUATION

  1. Define elements of art and design?
  2. State the seven elements of art and design.
  3. Mention two functions of line.

     

GENERAL EVALUATION

  1. What is painting?
  2. Explain any two types of painting.

     

 

 

READING ASSIGNMENT

Cultural and Creative Art (New Edition) by Peter Akinyemi& Co- Authors. (BOOK 2)Pages 1- 3.

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. The shortest distance between two points is called ………..……..(a) texture (b) line

    (c) shape (d) form

  2. A pigment or hue is intensified or made lighter by adding white to in order to produce a …………….(a)shade (b) tint (c) value (d) dark hue
  3. A pigment or hue is disintensifiedor made darker by adding black in order to it to produce a …..………(a) tint (b) shade (c) value (d) light hue
  4. Which one of the following is NOT an element of art and design? (a) Proportion

    (b)Line (c) Colour (d) Texture

  5. The natural and artificial coloursvarious objects possess are called…………..……. (a) local colour (b) primary colour (c) secondary colour (d) tertiary colour

     

THEORY

  1. List two elements of art and design.
  2. What is texture?

     

 

WEEK THREE

TOPIC: PRINCIPLES OF ART AND DESIGN

SUB-TOPICS

  1. Meaning of Principles of Art and Design.
  2. The Principles of Art and Design.
  3. Uses and Application of Principles of Art and Design.

 

MEANING OF PRINCIPLES OF ART AND DESIGN

Principles of art and design are the laid down laws or guides that moderate the artist in his or her art activities in order to effectively use the art elements.

 

THE PRINCIPLES OF ART AND DESIGN

  1. Balance
  2. Dominance
  3. Variety
  4. Proportion
  5. Harmony
  6. Repetition
  7. Rhythm

     

MEANING, USES AND APPLICATION OF THE ART PRINCIPLES

1. BALANCE: This is the equal distribution of the art elements in a design in order to achieve equal status. The art elements should be given equal weight to achieve balance. For instance, before making a sketch of composed still life objects, bear in mind that the sketched still life objects should be centralized on paper in order to achieve balance. Colour, tones and shape should be evenly or harmoniously distributed and every detail well arranged.

 

2. DOMINANCE:Anart element is meant to dominate or attract more attention than other elements in a work of art. For instance, a colour should dominate other colours in pattern design. The dominating colour in the work becomes the center of interest or the eye catcher.

 

3. VARIETY: Variety is achieved in a design when different materials are interchanged. Variety is the use of different elements like line, colour and shape and other components of design in varied and organized manner. Different art elements should be interchanged in a work of art to make the design more interesting and appealing.

4. PROPORTION: This is the proper relationship of one part of a figure to another with reference to size, form, shape and number. In figure drawing, the head being the unit of measurement should not be outstandingly bigger than the other parts of the human body. Therefore, all the parts of the human body should be evenly distributed. On the other hand, proportion is the proper relationship and distribution of some elements in a design.

 

5. HARMONY: Harmony is the unity of all the visual elements (shape, space, tone, colourand line) in a compositional design. Harmony is achieved by repetition of characteristics the same or related.

 

6. REPETITION: Repetition is the process of allowing some art elements to feature several times on a surface. Rhythm and repletion are closely related .Rhythm is simply the result of repetition.

 

7. RHYTHM: It is the flow achieved by arranging and depicting various elements like colour, line and shape(motif) in a repeated manner. Rhythm produces a continuous flow of movement of some elements in pattern design.

 

EVALUATION

  1. Define principles of art and design.
  2. Mention any two principles of art and design and explain.

 

GENERAL EVALUATION

  1. How is calligraphy pen improvised?
  2. Who takes charge of the museum and all the valuable things in it?

 

READING ASSIGNMENT

Cultural and Creative Art (New Edition) by Peter Akinyemi.(Book 2)Pages 5-6.

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. Textile designers make the most use of the principle of …………………(a) emphasis (b) proportion (c) repetition (d)registration
  2. In pattern making, what principle of art and designs allows a colour to have a domineering presence over other colours? (a) Balance (b) Proportion (c) Dominance (d) Repetition
  3. When some art elements are given equal weight in a work of art,……..…….is achieved.(a) balance (b) proportion (c)rhythm (d) repetition
  4. The use of opposing, contrasting or diversifying elements in a composition thereby adding individualism and interest to such work is called………………(a) balance (b) repetition (c) variety (d) harmony
  5. The use of closely related line, colour and shape in pattern making creates a sense of ………..…… (a) harmony (b) repetition (c)balance (d) proportion

 

THEORY

  1. What art principle is required to properly relate and distribute the various parts of the human body to the head in figure or life drawing?
  2. Explain repetition?

 

 

WEEK FOUR

TOPIC: DESIGN IN THEATRE

SUB-TOPICS

  1. Meaning of Theatre Design.
  2. Aspects of Theatre Design.
  3. Elements of Design.

 

MEANING OF THEATRE DESIGN

Theatre design is the design of the space where a performance takes place. It is the creation of a unique stage environment meant to house a dramatic action. Theatre design relates purely to the visual aspect of a production. Theatre designers create a stage environment meant for performing live plays, musical shows and various dances.

 

ASPECTS OF THEATRE DESIGN

There are various parts that make up theatre design. They include:

  1. Properties or Props
  2. Costume
  3. Make up
  4. Light
  5. Sound or audio effect
  6. Set or stage

 

ELEMENTS OF DESIGN

The elements of theatre design include:

  1. Set design
  2. Lighting
  3. Costume design

Set design is possibly the most important of the elements in the overall design for a play. This is because other elements like lighting and costume designers need to know the basic shape of the set design before they can do their work. The set designer and costume designer work together with the director to create a unified look and design for the show. The set designer will create a plan that include any building ,furniture or rigging that needs to be included to create the total set.

 

Set design is vital for creating the environment in which the characters on stage will act, but the costume designer can actually inform the characters themselves when the audience sees a character dressed a certain way, they automatically make assumptions about the character such as whether she is rich, poor, good or evil. Costume designer designs the costume for each player to wear, help to supervise the making or purchasing of the costumes .He or she works with the director and closely with the script to create the looks right for the period and characters. While fitting with the overall vision for the design of the show.

 

EVALUATION

Explain these elements of design in theatre. (i) Set (ii) Lighting (iii) Costume

 

GENERAL EVALUATION

  1. What is art?
  2. Mention the two types of art.
  3. State three importance of art in the society.

 

READING ASSIGNMENT

Cultural and Creative Art (New Edition) by Peter Akinyemi& Co- Authors (Book 2)Pages 69 -73.

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. The special garments and other accessories designed to be worn by the players are called ………..(a) costume (b) props (c) make up (d) None of the above
  2. The elevated platform detached from the auditorium where live dramatic performances take place in a theatre is called …………(a) stage (b) auditorium (c) box office (d) None of the above
  3. The creation of the visual aspect of a typical stage environment is the sole duty of the ………..…..(a) theatre designer (b) master (c) manger (d) prompter
  4. Which of the following aspects of theatre design illuminates the set design stage? (a) Lighting (b) Properties of props (c) Props (d) Set
  5. Another word for theatre design is ……..(a) stenography (b) scenography (c)serigraphy(d) None of the above

 

THEORY

  1. What is theatre design?
  2. Mention two aspects of theatre design.

 

WEEK FIVE

TOPIC- DANCE

SUB-TOPIC

Types of Dance.

 

The types of dance are as follows:

a. DRAMATIC DANCE: This type of dance sets the programme for the dance as part of drama. This type of drama is interspersed with dance movements coupled with dramatic actions simultaneously.

b. COMIC DANCE: This type of dance involves dancers depicting funny dance movements for entertainment. Comic dance is characterized with funny dance steps which are performed among the Philippines like ButiButi and Bajao.

c. PURE DANCE: This type of dance refers to dance movements that make up a piece of work containing no plot, often the dance movements that suggest a particular subject or mood. A pure dance does not possess a combination of other forms of dance. This makes it unique.

d.DANCE DRAMA: Dance drama is performed through rhythmic dance movements frequentlyconveyed with dialogue.

 

EVALUATION

1. Define dance.

2. What is dance drama?

 

GENERAL EVALUATION

  1. What is plot?
  2. Explain the element of drama ‘characterization’.

 

READING ASSIGNMENT

Cultural and Creative Art (New Edition) by Peter Akinyemi.(Book 2).

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. A series of steps and movements that match the speed and rhythm of a piece of music is called……..(a) gesticulation (b) dance (c) drama (d) None of the above
  2. Dancing is a noble career performed by..……………………………. (a) musicians (b) dancers (c) prompters (d) None of the above.
  3. The art of dancing is a sub-branch of …………….(a) fine art (b) performing art (c) literary art (d) applied art
  4. A form of dance that does not contain a plot and emphasizes a major subject or mood is called ……(a) comic dance (b) pure dance (c) dance drama (d) None of the above.
  5. Dance is a medium of public entertainment. (a) True (b False (c) Maybe (d) Not sure

 

THEORY

  1. State the meaning of comic dance.
  2. Mention two forms of dance.

 

WEEK SIX

TOPIC-SELF -CONTROL

SUB-TOPICS

  1. Meaning of Self -Control.
  2. How to exercise Self- Control.
  3. Benefits of Self -Control.
  4. Practicing Self- Control.

     

MEANING OF SELF- CONTROL: This involves a person being able to restrain his or her impulses, emotion or ideas. A person should always exercise self-control even at the slightest provocation when being in the midst of people as it can to a large extent ward off attack from a person or group of people.

 

HOW TO EXERCISE SELF- CONTROL

  1. Show moderation in whatever you do.
  2. Being modest
  3. Being content
  4. Being considerate
  5. Don’t be in a fighting mood all the time.
  6. Being tolerant.
  7. Being truthful at all time.

 

BENEFITS OF SELF -CONTROL

  1. It boosts or increases one’s decision making capacity.
  2. It increases one’s chances of success.
  3. It helps us to curtail impulsive behaviours like stealing, binged or excessive drinking and lying.
  4. It promotes congruence or agreement.
  5. It improves one’s focus such that the individual is more likely to get rich in future.

     

EVALUATION

  1. What is self- control?
  2. Mention two ways in which a person can exercise self -control.
  3. State two benefits of self-control.

 

GENERAL EVALUATION

  1. Describe the art of the early men.
  2. State the meaning of improvisation in art.

 

READING ASSIGNMENT

Cultural and Creative Art (New Edition) by Peter Akinyemi.(Book 2)Pages 88 – 89.

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. Which of the following is NOT a benefit of self-control? (a) Enhancement of one’s decision making capacity. (b) Success (c) Failure (d) Congruence
  2. A person who is always in a fighting mood all the time ………….(a) lacks self – control. (b) possessesself-control. (c) is jovial . (d) is well behaved.
  3. Self-control entails the following except……(a) moderation (b) modest (c) being in a fighting mood. (d) Not being in a fighting mood.
  4. Being in the right frame of mind towards others willmake a person exerciseself-control at all time. (a) True (b) False (c) Maybe (d) Not sure
  5. A person who is fond of using abusive words on people who offend him or her lacks ………………(a) team spirit. (b) self – control. (c) good morals. (d) discipline.

 

THEORY

  1. Define self-control.
  2. List two ways of exercising self-control.

 

 

WEEK SEVEN

TOPIC: VOICE TRAINING

SUB-TOPICS

  1. Definition of Voice.
  2. Classification of Voice into Parts.
  3. Explanation of the Voice Range.

 

VOICE

Voice is the sound or sounds uttered through the mouth of living creatures , especially human

beings in terms of speaking, shouting ,singing etc.

 

VOICE CLASSIFICATION:The human voice is classified into four parts when singing songs or a composed tune in music. They include:

  1. Soprano
  2. Alto
  3. Tenor
  4. Bass

 

VOICE RANGE

Vocal range is the measure of the breadth of pitches that a human voice can phonate. Although, the study of vocal range has a little practical application in terms of speech.It is a topic of study within linguistics, phonetics and speech and language .Vocal rage is within the context of singing. Vocal range for a female singer encompasses high notes of mezzo- soprano and low notes of a soprano.

 

EVALUATION

  1. What is voice?
  2. Mention two voices that can be used for singing a composed tune.

 

GENERAL EVALUATION

  1. What are the three groups of people involved in drama and theatre?
  2. Explain these dramatic terms. (i) Flashback (ii)Suspense (iii) Climax (iv) Stage fright

 

READING ASSIGNMENT

Cultural and Creative Art by Peter Akinyemi& Co-Authors. (Book 2)Page 67.

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. ………………..refers to any form of noise, music and vibration heard through one’s ear.(a) Voice (b) Sound (c) Pitch (d) Intensity
  2. The following are classes of voice except……….(a) alto (b) bass (c) tenor (d) noise
  3. ………..refers to the pitch of women voice that is high. (a) Bass (b) Alto (c) Tenor (d) Soprano
  4. ………..refers to the pitch of the men voice that is low. (a) Tenor (b) Bass (c) Tenor (d) Alto
  5. The sound produced from the mouth of human beings in various forms is called…….…(a) intensity (b) voice (c) tone (d) pitch

 

THEORY

  1. Define voice range.
  2. List the four classes of voice in music.

     

     

WEEK EIGHT

TOPIC: HISTORY OF MUSIC

SUB-TOPICS

  1. Origin of Music.
  2. Meaning of Sound.
  3. Characteristics of Sound.
  4. Meaning of Rhythm and Intervals.

     

ORIGIN OF MUSIC

Music emerged from the following sources namely-

  1. HAMMER AND ANVIL: Sound is observed when a blacksmith uses hammer and anvil to beat hot metal into a desired shape.
  2. BIRD SOUND: A variety of sounds is observed among birds as they move from one place to another.
  3. SINGING: Sound is produced when two people come together to make a composed tune.
  4. RHYTHM:Sound is produced in form of rhythm. Rhythm is simply the movement or flow of musical sound. Rhythm is achieved in music when there is an orderly arrangement or flow of notes, beats, bar, accent and phrases. The flow of music can be in the Double time(Duple)(2) ,Triple time (3) and quadruple time (4)
  5. CLAPPING:Sound is produced when humans clap their hands. Clapping produces a rhythmic flow in music and can flow easily to various clapping patterns.
  6. SOUND: Raw sound can be transformed into good music when it is well organized.
  7. HUMAN VOICE: The human voice is a useful medium through which sound is produced before musical instruments are introduced.
  8. ROARING OF OCEAN WAVES: Sound is observed around a water body as heavy wind blows water from one place to another.

 

MEANING OF SOUND: Sound is simply what we hear through the ear. Various sounds are produced in our immediate environment which we can clearly hear through our ear. It can be in form of music, vibration and noise. Sound is both organized and disorganized. An organized sound is music which pleases the ear while a disorganized sound is noise which is unpleasant to the ear.

 

EVALUATION

  1. Mention three sources of music.
  2. What is sound?

     

CHARACTERISTICS OF SOUND

They include the following:

  1. TIMBRE(Sonic qualities of timbre): Timbre is the quality of sound or colour of a sound .This is observed in terms of the different sounds that various musical instruments or one musical instrument can create. For instance, the musical sound of a saxophone differs completely from the sound of a guitar. In its deepest form, timbre also emphasizes the different sounds that one musical instrument can create.
  2. RHYTHM: This is the note of durations that are organized into patterns.
  3. DYNAMICS: This has to do with the changes in volume of musical sounds which can be immediate or gradual of time.
  4. INTENSITY: This is the loudness and softness of musical sound. Musical sound with high intensity is loud while musical sound with low intensity is soft.
  5. DURATION: This is the amount of time musical sound expressed through the application of musical notes, beat and other elements in a piece of music last .
  6. PITCH: This is the highness and lowness of musical sound in a piece of music. It is the height or depth of musical sound. The pitch of sound is relatively high or low.
  7. TEXTURE:This is the relationship of lines or voices in musical sound. Lines or voices form layers of sound which can be monophonic, polyphonic and homophonic.
  8. MELODY: This is a sequence of single notes that form musical sound; the main, most prominent line or voice in a piece of music is the line or voice that the listener follows most closely.
  9. HARMONY: This is a succession of chords .Chords are two or more notes that played together at the same time to make musical sounds.
  10. FORM: This is the order of events in a piece of music that make up musical sound. Form is the number of sections and their relationship to each other and to a whole. In today’s music, sections often have evenness and symmetrical like quality as music pieces balance between contrast and repetition.

     

MEANING OF RHYTHM AND INTERVAL

  1. Rhythm is the flow of musical sounds that are well arranged and organized.
  2. Interval is the tonal gap between two notes. Interval can also be defined as the distance in pitch between two notes.

     

EVALUATION

  1. Mention two features of sound.
  2. Explain rhythm and interval respectively.

GENERAL EVALUATION

  1. What is music?
  2. Differentiate between music and noise.

     

READING ASSIGNMENT

Cultural and Creative Art (New Edition) by Peter Akinyemi& Co-Authors.(Book 2)

REFERENCE PAGE-Visit the internet.

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. The highness and lowness of musical sound is called ………….…(a)pitch (b) chord (c)timbre (d) intensity
  2. A sound that is irregular and disorganized when heard through our ear is called ………….………. (a) music (b) noise (c) Option a & b (d) None of the above.
  3. The interval between the root note and the top note which comprises of eight notes is the …………..(a) 1st interval (b) 8th interval (c) 2nd interval (d) Unison
  4. A semibreve is a musical note the relative value ………………………. (a) 1 (b) 1/4 (c) 1/8 (d) 1/16
  5. In music, the word octave stands for the number ………….. (a) 2 (b) 4 (c) 8 (d) 6

 

THEORY

  1. What is interval?
  2. Define sound.

 

 

WEEK NINE

TOPIC: HISTORY OF MUSIC

SUB-TOPICS

  1. Musical Textures: Monophony and polyphony
  2. Periods of Music Development: Baroque period ,classical period, romantic period ,modern period
  3. Forms of Music: Binary, unitary, ternary, rondo etc.

 

MUSICAL TEXTURES

  1. MONOPHONY:In music,monophony is the simplest of musical textures, consisting of a melody or tune typically sung by a single singer or played by a single singer. For example, a flute player without accompanying harmony or chords .Many folk songs and traditional songs are monophonic.

 

  1. POLYPHONY:In music, polyphony is one type of musical texture where a texture is generally speaking the way melodic rhythmic and harmonic aspects of a musical composition are combined to shape the overall sound and quality of the work.In particular, polyphony consists of two or more simultaneous lines of independent melody, as opposed to a musical texture with one voice(monophony or a texture with one dominant melodic voice accompanied by chords, which is called homophony.

     

PERIODS OF MUSIC DEVELOPMENT

  1. BAROQUE ERA (1600AD-1750AD): Baroque music is the style of western art music.The harpsichord, a keyboard instrument in which pressing the keys caused a quill to pluck the strings, was an improvement Baroque era instrument which was used both in accompaniment and solo roles. A double- manual (two keyboard)harpsichord after Claude Goujon(1749).

 

  1. CLASSICAL ERA (1750AD-1820AD): Classical music is the art music produced or rooted in traditions of western music including both liturgical (religious), social aspects and so on.

 

  1. ROMANTIC ERA: This is an era of western classical music that began in the late 18th or early 19th century.It was related to Romanticism, the European artistic and literary movement that arose in the second half of the 18th century,and Romantic music in particular dominated the Romantic Movement in Germany.In the Romantic period, music became more expressive and emotional, expanding to encompass literary, artistic and philosophical themes.Famous early Romantic composers include- Schumann,Chopin, Mendelssohn,Bellini, and Berlioz.

 

  1. MODERN ERA: This is the period of change and development in musical language that occurred around the turn of the 20thcentury,a period of diverse reactions and reinterpreting older categories of music,innovations that led to new ways of organizing and approaching harmonic,melodic, sonic and rhythmic aspects of music and changes in aesthetic worldviews in close relation to the larger identifiable period of modernism in the arts of the time.

     

EVALUATION

  1. State the kind of music that developed during the romantic era.
  2. Discuss briefly onthe music texture ‘monophony’.

 

FORMS OF MUSIC

1. BINARYFORM:It is a two part form. It is a musical form comprising two related sections whose parts are repeated. A basic musical form having two closely related sections. It follows a pattern of A //B//.

 

2. TERNARYFORM:It is also called song form. It is a three part musical form where the first section (A) is repeated after the second section (B) ends. It is usually schematized A-B-A. An example is the Da Capo Aria; The Trumpet shall sound from Handel’s Messiah.

 

3. RONDO FORM: It is a musical form with recurring leading theme often found in the final movement of a sonata or concerto.

 

4. UNITARYFORM:This is one unrepeated section of a piece of music. The notes that make up a tune in unitary form of music are not repeated in another section. The word unitary means songs that were not changed in tune.It flows continuously.

 

EVALUATION

  1. List the forms of music.
  2. Discuss binary form of music.

 

GENERAL EVALUATION

  1. What is the duty of the costumier?
  2. Describe the audience in drama and theatre.

 

READING ASSIGNMENT

Cultural and Creative Art (New Edition) by Peter Akinyemi& Co-Authors. (Book 2)

REFERENCE PAGE –Visit the internet.

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. ……………..….refers to one voice or line.(a) Monophonic (b) Polyphonic (c)Rondo (d) Homophonic
  2. A form of music with many voices is called ……….(a) monophonic (b) polyphonic (c) rondo (d) homophonic
  3. …….….refers to two notes that are played at the same time thereby moving in the same rhythm. (a) Timbre (b) Intensity (c) Chord (d) Pitch
  4. …………….…refers to a melody with simple accompaniment. (a) Monophonic (b)Polyphonic (c) Homophonic (d) Rondo
  5. A piece of music in the binary form comprises of ………..………….sections or parts. (a) three (b) two (c) four (d) five

 

THEORY

  1. How many parts make up a piece of music in the ternary form?
  2. What period did the baroque period in the history of musicbegan and ended?

 

 

WEEK TEN

TOPIC:THE STUDY OF COLOURS (COLOUR APPLICATION)

SUB-TOPICS

  1. Uses of Colours.
  2. Psychological Meaning of Colours.
  3. Mixing of colours.
  4. Colour wheel design.

 

USES OF COLOURS

  1. It can be used to make a statement, create an atmosphere etc.
  2. Colour is used to create interior designs on walls.
  3. Colour is used to create an atmosphere.
  4. Colour is used to call forth a response.
  5. Colour expresses outward towards the world but it helps us to travel inwards towards spiritual states, towards our true self. We can use colour to get what we want from the world or we can use colour to find something in ourselves.
  6. Marketing and design colour can also help to support a message. For instance, green says fresh for vegetables; red for exciting, gold says quality. The associations for each colour play a vital role here however they must be modified for cultural considerations. For example, black is for funerals but in China white is used.
  7. In the world of art and high culture, colour plays a significant or an important symbolic role. For example, in the Christian art, the Virgin Mary typically appears in blue and white.
  8. On the street, colour is used not just for sign but as light itself.

 

PSYCHOLOGICAL MEANING OF COLOUR

There are four basic psychological colours. They include red, blue, yellow and green. They relate to the body, the mind, the emotions and essential balance between these three. The psychological properties of colour are as follows

  1. RED: Physical positive: Physical courage, warmth, energy, basic survival, fight or flight, stimulation, masculinity, excitement. Negative defiance: aggression, visual impact, strain, anger.
  2. BLUE: Intellectual positive: Intelligence, communication, trust, efficiency, serenity, duty, coolness, reflection, calm. Negative: Aloofness, lack of emotion, unfriendliness.
  3. YELLOW: Positive optimism: Confidence, selfesteem, extraversion, emotional strength, friendliness, creativity. Negative: irrationality, fear, emotional fragility, depression, anxiety, suicide.
  4. GREEN 🙁Positive) Balance, harmony, balance, refreshment, universal love, rest, restoration, reassurance, environmental awareness, equilibrium, peace. Negative: Boredom, stagnation, blandness, enervation.

 

EVALUATION

  1. State two uses of colour.
  2. Mention two psychological meaning of red.

 

GENERAL EVALUATION

  1. What is craft?
  2. State any two local crafts you know.

 

READING ASSIGNMENT

Cultural and Creative Art (New Edition) by Peter Akinyemi& Co-Authors. (Book 1) Pages 15 -21.

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. Which one of these tilt towards the meaning of the psychological colour of red?
    1. Aggression (b) Confidence (c ) Fear (d) Peace
  2. Which one of these types of colour is a warm colour?

    (a) Red (b) Blue (c) Purple (d) Green

  3. Which one of these types of colour is a cool colour?

    (a) Red (b) Orange (c) Yellow (d) Blue

  4. Colour is used to make a statement. (a) True (b) False (c) Not sure (d) Maybe
  5. Black symbolizes ………(a) mourning (b) peace (c) anger (d) aggression

 

THEORY

  1. Mention two psychologicalqualities of green.
  2. State two uses of colour.



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