Share this:

 

FIRST TERM E-LEARNING NOTE

SUBJECT: SOCIAL STUDIES CLASS: JSS3

SCHEME OF WORK

WEEKS  TOPIC

  1. Revision of JSS 2 work
  2. Introduction to the origin of man- myths and legends, religious beliefs, and scientific version.
  3. The uniqueness and universality of man in the animal kingdom.
  4. Races and racism.
  1. Decision making

    -meaning

    -situation that requires decision making

    -importance of decision m, making

    factors that influence decision making

6. Human emotions: Love

-Meaning and types

-Qualities of love

-Behaviours that enhance loving relationship

7.  Social environment

-Meaning of social environment

ecolebooks.com

-Community meaning and types

-Inter-community relationship

8.  Social Stratification

-Meaning of Social Stratification

-Factors for Social Stratification

9.  Goal setting

-Meaning

-Types of goals and characteristics

-Importance

-Effects of achieving set goals and obstacles

 

10.  Revision

11 & 12. Assessment test.

 

REFERENCES.

Solakat New Syllabus on Social Studies for JSS Basic Nine by A. Oluwasola Oyewole.

Simplified Social Studies for Nigeria Secondary Schools & Colleges BK 3 by Yusuf R.A

 

 

WEEK 1 Date………………………..

TOPIC:  INTRODUCTION TO THE ORIGIN OF MAN

CONTENT

The origin of man is an attempt to show how man came into existence. The story of the origin of man generates a lot of controversies since none of the stories or theories is universally acceptable. There are three recognized explanations namely.

1.  Myths and legends

2.  Religious beliefs (Biblical and Quaranic Accounts)

3.  Scientific explanations (Evolution theory).

 

MYTHOLOGY

Myths and legends are stories that tell us about the origins of things. Such stories are handed over from generation to generation.

We cannot say if such stories are true or false because we were not present when such stories started. Myths of creation are as many as there are different cultural groups on earth. There are perhaps about 2,000 different stories (myths) of human origin in Africa alone.

The Yoruba story states that Olodumare used his best craft man called Orisanla to create man with sixteen lifeless images.

The Fulanis believe that Doondari (God) created the first man on earth out of a big deep drop of milk.

The Igbos believe that God created the first man Eri and sent him down to live at Nri where there is abundant supply of food and water. He also gave him two wives, Nono and Oboli.

The Edos believe that Osanobua used His sons Osanowa and Osanoha in creating the first man on earth.

 

EVALUATION QUESTIONS

  1. Define myths and legends.
  2. Briefly explain why you feel myths and legend are true or false.

 

PERIOD 2

TOPIC:  RELIGIOUS BELIEFS

Religious beliefs center around a supernatural being called God who created man.

The bible gives account of the creation of man in the book of Genesis. Some see this as the Jews story of creation. It teaches that it took God six days to create the earth including plants and animals. Man (Adam and his wife – Eve) was created on the sixth day to look after the creation of God.

The Qu’ranic version is similar to the one in the Holy Bible. The Quaran teaches that Allah (God)created man (Adam and his wife – Hawwa’u) Beimba and his wife to take care of His creation.

 

EVALUATION Questions

  1. Give religious explanation of the origin of man.
  2. State the difference between the Biblical and Quranic accounts of creation.

 

PERIOD 3

TOPIC:  SCIENTIFIC ACCOUNT: EVOLUTION THEORY

Science is a body of knowledge born out of human curiosity. It is based on what can be seen. Science uses the following in its inquiry

  1. Hypothesis
  2. Observation
  3. Generalization
  4. Assumption .

The evolution theory was put forward by Charles Darwin (1809-1882). He believed that all living things started on earth through a chain of metamorphosis;unicellular organisms- multi-cellular organisms-sea plants amphibians-reptiles-mammals etc.Charles Darwin is often called the father of evolutionists.

Evolutionists believe that man and other creatures evolved from lower animals which in turn evolved from microscopic organism which originated from the sea.

According to this theory, higher animals like apes, chimpanzees and gorilla originated from the same source with man but they could not continue with the series of changes that brought man to this level. Evolutionist tries to tell us that man came to this stage after about 15 million years of gradual changes and that the higher animals like apes chimpanzees etc separated about 4 million years.

 

EVALUATION QUESTIONS

  1. What is science?
  2. Define the following terms;
    1. Hypothesis ii.  Observation
    2. Generalization iv.  Assumption

READING ASSIGNMENT

Solakat New Syllabus on Social Studies for JSS Basic Nine by A. Oluwasola Oyewole.

Pgs. 8-14.

Simplified Social Studies for Nigerian Secondary Schools and Colleges Book 3 by Yusuf R.A, pgs. 1-4.

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. The Fulanis believe that ____created the first man  (a) Doondari  (b) Orisanla (c) Ikechi.
  2. Yoruba believe that Olodumare created the man through His best craftsman called _____

    (a) Orisanla (b) Oduduwa (c) Doondari.

  3. The Fulanis believe that man was created out of ___ (a) Sand (b) drop of water (c) drop of milk.
  4. The Qua’ran teaches that Allah created ____ and _____ to take care of His creation (a) Beimba and Eve (b) Adam and Eve (c) Beimba and Mahawa  (d) Adam and Hawwa’u.
  5. Evolution was propounded by____ (a) Charles Davis (c) Charles David (c) Charles Dickens.

Theory

1.  Explain the Biblical account of the origin of man

2.  Give account of the Yoruba, Igbo and Edo myths about the origin of man.

 

WEEK 2 Date………………………..

TOPIC:THE UNIQUENESS AND UNIVERSLITY OF MAN IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM

PERIOD 1

MAN AS A UNIQUE ANIMAL

The things that make man different from other animals.

  1. Man walks upright on two legs.
  2. Man expresses his feelings and emotions.
  3. Man has ability to develop speech language and write it out.
  4. Man cares long for the offspring.
  5. He has opposable digits that help him to hold something.
  6. Man is a social and religious animal.
  7. He has advanced technology.
  8. He can domesticate and conquer other animals with the use of advanced technology.
  9. Man has a very large brain capacity.

 

MAN’S CAPACITY TO ADAPT TO VARIOUS ENVIRONMENTS

Man can adapt to different environments and live under any environmental conditions. This is possible due to three main reasons.

  1. The use of science and technology has enabled man to change conditions that are not favourable to him for example man uses air conditioners in hot places and heaters in very cold places.
  2. Agriculture is also another way through which man survives in his environment. Man removes the vegetation that he does not like or need and plants crops to feed both himself and his family.
  3. Communication and transportation. Through the use of modern means of communication and transportation, man is able to do things which ordinarily he could not. Movement of persons and goods becomes easier with the use of modern means of communication. Through these the world has become a global village.

EVALUATION

1.Give three characteristics of man that make him the different from other animal.

2. State the significance of science and technology to man’s adaptative nature.

PERIOD 2

TOPIC: THE UNIVERSALITY OF MAN

Universality of man implies that human beings all over the world are the same and belong to the same stock- Homo Sapiens. Although there are various races in the world, yet there are certain characteristics that make man similar or the same.

  1. Man can adapt to his environment. Man modifies parts or features of his environment and makes implements to help him adjust to unfavorable parts of his environment. For examples in a very cold weather, man uses thick cloth and other hot things to keep himself warm.
  2. In any environment man builds houses, makes tools, devises means of getting and preparing his food and organizes his society to prevent lawlessness.
  3. In every society man’s needs are the same. These include food, shelter and clothing.

EVALUATION Questions

1.Explain the term “homo- sapient”

2.List and explain two similar characteristics of man.

Reading Assignment

Solakat New Syllabus on Social Studies for JSS Basic Nine by A. Oluwasola Oyewole. Pgs. 15 &-16.

Simplified Social Studies for Nigerian Secondary Schools and Colleges Book 3 by Yusuf R.A, pgs. 4-7

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. One of the following is not a uniqueness of man in the animal kingdom (a) a very large brain capacity  (b)more powerful than others (c) possession of advanced technology (d) expression of feelings and emotion.

2.  Man as he is today is (a) homo habilis (b) Australopithecus Afrikanus (c) Homo sapiens

3.  Man uses one of the following to change unfavourable conditions around him  (a) science and technology (b) agriculture (c) communication and transportation

4.  Which of the following is the distinguishing factor that separates man from other animals is

(a) Man walks upright on two legs (b) Man cares for offspring

(c) Man expresses feelings and emotions (d) Man’s large brain capacity.

5.  _______ is the father of evolution (a) Nelson Mandela (b) Charles David (c) Charles Darwin.

 

Theory

1.  List seven features that distinguish man in the animal kingdom.

2.  Mention any two ways by which man adapts to his environment.

 

 

WEEK 3 Date………………………..

TOPIC:  RACES AND RACISM

A race is a biological term which refers to a group of people that share the same physical characteristics which such as skin colour, eyes, shape of face, nose and hair. All these features exist as a result of migration and man’s physiological adaptation to his environment. For example the amount of Menalin in the skin determines a person’s skin colour.

 

RACES OF THE WORLD

  1. Negroid: The people have long head, wooly hair, flat nose and dark complexion. They are mainly found in Africa.
  2. Mongoloid: The mongoloids have broad head, straight hair, yellow or red complexion. They include the Chinese, Japanese, and the American Indians.
  3. Caucasoid: They have brown or light skin, wavy hair and narrow nose. They include the peoples of Europe, North America, Western and Southern Asia.
  4. Australoid: These people have long head, heavy cooking wavy and curly hair. The people include Australian Aborigines and the black tribes found in India.

 

EVALUATION QUESTIO

1.Explain the reasons behind the existence of race

2.List the races of the world and explain two.

 

PERIOD 2

TOPIC:  RACISM

Racism refers to the feeling of superiority of one race over another. A racist believes that his race is superior to other races. Racism was practiced in South African in the form of apartheid (separate development). Eventually Nelson Mandela with the help of other freedom fighters achieved liberation for the blacks of South Africa. On May 4th 1994, Nelson Mandela became the first black president of South Africa.

Traces of Racism still exist in Europe and America. Blacks and other races are constantly attacked. For racism to be eradicated, people should realize that human beings are all homo-sapiens and they should accept the universality of man.

 

EVALUATION QUESTIONS

  1. What is racism?
  2. How could racism be eradicated?

 

READING ASSIGNMENT

Solakat New Syllabus on Social Studies for JSS Basic Nine by A. Oluwasola Oyewole pgs. 16 -18.

Simplified Social Studies for Nigerian Secondary Schools and Colleges by Yussuf R.A pgs. 4&5.

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. The race that has dark complexion flat nose and wooly hair is (a) Negroid (b) Mongoloid (c) Caucasoid
  2. The race that has red or yellow complexion and broad head is _______ (a) Negroid (b) Mongoloid (c) Caucasoid
  3. The race that has brown or light skin and narrow nose is ____ (a) Negroid (b) Mongoloid (c) Caucasoid
  4. Racism in the form of apartheid was practiced in ________ (a) Nigeria (b) South Africa (c) Ghana
  5. Nelson Mandela became the president of South Africa on________ (a) 4th May 1994 (b) 5th June 1995 (c) 6th May 1996

Theory

1.  Mention the characteristics that make man similar all over the world.

2.  Mention and explain the characteristics of the various races.

 

WEEK 4 Date………………………..

 

TOPIC: DECISION MAKINING

Meaning

 Decision making is the process of providing necessary or appropriate solutions to most situations in life. It is a process of selecting options from alternatives. People are required to make decisions daily and it requires a great deal of thinking which some do not do.

 

 

SITUATIONS THAT REQUIRE DECISION MAKING

  1. What to wear
  2. Whom to play with
  3. Whom to have as a friend
  4. Choice of career
  5. Choice of life patner
  6. Whether to buy a car or build a house.

 

IMPORTANCE OF DECISION MAKING

  1. The identification of various options help in learning more about us and others.
  2. It helps us to identify our values.
  3. It helps us to set goals.
  4. It helps us to minimize mistakes
  5. It enables us to take responsibility for our actions
  6. Good decisions help to build self confidence and self esteem.

 

EVALUATION QUESTIONS

  1. List any (3) three situations that require decision making
  2. Mention and explain (2) two importance of decision making.

 

PERIOD 2

TOPIC:  FACTORS THAT INFUENCE DECISION MAKING

  1. Values: A person often takes or adopts an option that agrees with his family.
  2. Goals: The goal we intend to achieve in the future affects our decision making.
  3. Parents/Family expectation: People often like to take decision that their families are happy with.
  4. Information: The amount of information available to an individual influences his decision making.
  5. Social Pressure: The pressure from friends, religion and other peoples values affectdecision making.
  6. Circumstances and situations can affect a person’s decision making

 

EVALUATION QUESTIONS

  1. List the factors influence decision making
  2. Explain any (3) three from the list above.

 

READING ASSIGNMENT

Solakat New Syllabus on Social Studies for JSS Basic Nine by A. Oluwasola Oyewole pgs. 113-116.

Simplified Social Studies for Nigerian Secondary Schools and Colleges by Yussuf R.A pgs. 98-104.

 

 WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. Good decisions help us to identify our ————  (a) parents (b) values (c) relatives
  2. People make decisions ————— (a) yearly (b) daily (c) monthly
  3. People hardly take decision take on one of the following  (a) what to eat (b) when to die (c) where to live
  4. Children often decide on one of the following  (a) where to live (b) whom to play with (c) what to wear
  5. Decision making helps us to provide —————-  (a) solutions to problems (b) help to the leaders (c) food to the rich.

 

 

THEORY

 

  1. Mention five situations that require decision making
  2. What are the factors that influence decision making?.

 

 

WEEK 5 Date………………………..

TOPIC:  HUMAN EMOTION

PERIOD 1

TOPIC:  MEANING AND TYPES OF LOVE

Love means deep and warm feelings for oneself and others. It involves happiness and responsibilities.

 

TYPES OF LOVE

  1. Self Love: This involves accepting, believing and knowing oneself. Except someone loves himself, he will find it difficult to love others.
  2. Friendship love: This exists between people who are friends. They show commitment to one another and have deep intimacy.
  3. Comfortable Love: This is the type of love that exists between parents and their children. It involves a high level of commitment, loyalty and dependability.
  4. Romantic Love: This type of love has to do with romance, physical attraction and sexual attraction. It is common in people of a marriageable age.
  5. Infatuation: This type of relationship places premium on outward appearance. It is love at first sight and may fade away quickly.
  6. Complete Love: This love takes time to develop. It takes time and much effort. It requires commitment, intimacy and passion.

     

    EVALUATION QUESTIONS

  1. List the two expectation of love.
  2. Differentiate between friendship, love and romantic love.

     

PERIOD 2  

TOPIC:  QUALITIES OF LOVE

  1. Commitment: Love requires that those engaged in it should show commitment to one another.
  2. Caring: People who love one another should care for one another.
  3. Companionship: Those who see themselves as loving one another should see themselves as partners.
  4. Trust: Love involves trusting one another.
  5. Honesty and Tolerance are needed in relationship.
  6. Respect: People in love should have respect for another.
  7. Forgiveness: People in love should be willing to forgive one another.
  8. Acceptance: Those engaged in love should accept their partners as they are.

     

    EVALUATION QUESTIONS

1.  State (3) three qualities of love and explain them.

2.  Distinguish between companionship and acceptance.

 

PERIOD 3

TOPIC:  BEHAVIOURS THAT ENHANCE LOVING RELATIONSHIP

  • Mutual respect for one another is vital for a loving relationship.
  • Good communication: Being able to clearly speak one’s mind is important.
  • Thoughtfulness: Each of the partners needs to think deeply before taking any action.
  • Sharing: Ability to share with friends enhances loving relationship.
  • Making Plans together: This enables people to understand themselves better.
  • Remembering important dates like birthday and celebrating it together build loving relationship.
  • Tolerance: Ability to tolerate each other’s mistakes enhances loving relationship.

     

     

EVALUATION QUESTIONS

  • Mention and explain any 5 (five) behaviours that enhance loving relationship.

     

Reading Assignment Solakat New Syllabus on Social Studies for JSS Basic Nine by A. Oluwasola Oyewole pgs. 94-97.

Simplified Social Studies for Nigerian Secondary Schools and Colleges by Yussuf R.A pgs. 98-104.

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. The love between parents and their children is _______ (a) Self love (b) Comfortable love (c) Friendship Love.
  2. The love for oneself is (a) Friendship love (b) Self love (c) Comfortable love.
  3. The love for romance and sexual attraction is (a) Self love (b) Romantic Love (c) Friendship.
  4. One of the qualities that enhance loving relationships is (a) Sharing (b) Fighting (c) Eating.
  5. One important quality of love is (a) Tolerance (b) Rejection (c) Abandonment.

Theory

1.  Mention and explain the qualities of love.

2.  Mention (3) three behaviours that enhance loving relationships.

 

WEEK 6 Date………………………..

TOPIC:  SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT

 

PERIOD 1

TOPIC:  MEANING OF SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT

Social environment refers to the interaction of people with one another in different groups. Such groups include family, school, village etc. Man is called a social animal because he lives in a group. Man cannot live all by himself because he depends on others to satisfy his basic needs and find fulfillment.

PERIOD 2

TOPIC:  THE COMMUNITY

A community is a group of people living together in a particular area and sharing certain things together. Examples are family, school, village, town city, nation etc

Community differs in size and purpose.A person can become a member of a community through birth or by joining the community from elsewhere, and by fulfilling certain requirements

EVALUATION QUESTIONS

  1. What is a community?
  2. Explain how someone can become a member of a community.

     

PERIOD 3

TOPIC:  INTER COMMUNITY RELATIONSHIP

Community is like individuals who depend on one another to satisfy their basic needs. That is why we say that communities are inter-dependent. Some of these relationships are:-

  1. Rural –Rural relationship.
  2. Rural -urban.
  3. Urban- urban relationship.
  4. International Relationship.

 

RURAL- RURAL RELATIONSHIP

This is a relationship between two rural communities. Rural – Rural relationship community. They relate in form of trading and marriage. They can co-operate to provide social amenities like roads and schools. Conflict can also occur on farm land or other scarce resources. Where such communities produce different commodities their relationship will be complementary but where it is different commodities, the relationship will be competitive.

RURAL-URBAN RELATIONSHIP

While a rural area is an agrarian community, an urban area is a commercial industrial or administrative centre.

The rural area assists the urban centre by supplying agricultural product in form of food andraw materials. Labour also moves from rural to urban area. The urban centres in town supply manufactured good, such as electronics, clothing etc to rural areas. It provides employment and higher education for the people in the rural areas.

URBAN-URBAN RELATIONSHIP

This is a relationship between urban centers. Their relationship may be in areas of trade, politics, sports or the sharing of educational institutions such as a university. Their relationship is competitive.

However if one is industrial centre and the other is commercial, their relationship will be co-operative.

 

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIP

This refers to relationship between different countries. There is inter-dependence between countries. This inter-dependence manifesst in the exchange of goods and services between different countries. Also, different countries come together to form international organizations like UNO, OAU, ECOWAS etc. Co-operation also exists in the areas of sports, politics, health, communication, economics etc.

EVALUATION QUESTIONS

  1. Discuss the term interdependency of community
  2. Define (1)rural-rural relationship (2)international relationship

READING ASSIGNMENT

  1. SolakatNew Syllabus on Social Studies for JSS basic Nine by A.O.Oyenole

Read pages 21-29.

  1. Simplified Social Studies for Nigerian Secondary Schools and colleges. Book 3 by yusuf R.A. pg 10-13.

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. Rural area is _____________ economy (a) Commercial (b.) Agrarian (c.) Industrial.
  2. Urban centers are __________ (a) Agrarian (b.) Industrial (c.) Agricultural.
  3. The relationship within most rural community is mostly (a) Co-operative (b) Conflictual (c) Ambivalent.
  4. A group of people living together and sharing things in common is (a) Nation
  5. (b) Community (c) State.
  6. The interaction of people with one another is (a) Social environment (b) Physical environment (c) Natural environment.

     

Theory

1.  Define Social Environment.

2.  Explain Rural – Urban Relationship.

 

WEEK 7 Date………………………..

 

TOPIC:  SOCIAL STRATIFICATION

PERIOD 1

TOPIC:  MEANING OF SOCIAL STRATIFICATION

Social stratification can be defined as the classification of man into different layers according to their wealth, occupations, family backgrounds, religions etc.

The respects, recognition, importance, influence and prestige of an individual depends on the position the individual occupies in the community. For instance, the positions of a governor, a minister and a principal command more respects and recognitions than that of a messenger or a gateman.

 

EVALUATION QUESTIONS

  1. Define social stratification
  2. List (4) four areas/items through which social stratification can occur.

 

PERIOD 2

TOPIC:  FACTORS FOR SOCIAL STRATIFICATION

TRADITIONAL MODE OF STRATIFICATION

Traditional society in Nigeria tends to be stratified on the basis of the following:-

1.  Age: Age is an important factor that determines who becomes a leader in most traditional societies especially in Igbo land. A government by elders is called gerontocracy.

2.  Sex: The males are placed in leadership positions in all traditional societies.

3.  Wealth: The wealthy people have a lot of influence in traditional society.

4.  Personal Achievements: People who are able to achieve much in life are accorded much respect and veneration.

5.  Family Background: People who come from well-to-do families or royal families are treated with a lot of respect.

6.  The traditional rulers occupy topmost positions followed by the council of advisers, the warriors, and the rich people.

 

PERIOD 3

TOPIC:  STRATIFICATION IN MODERN SOCIETY

Stratification in modern society is called class system. A social class is defined as a status group whose members share the same social characteristics such as income, housing, style of living, education etc.

The three social classes are the upper, the middle and the lower classes.

  1. The upper class: They are made up of a few privileged people who are mostly owners of companies and big businesses. They have both political and economic powers. They include senior traditional rulers, ministers, owners of industries, Governors etc.
  2. The middle class: This class is made up of civil servants and professionals. They are essentially managers.
  3. The lower class: The lower class consists of the largest number of people who are struggling to survive. They include petty traders, junior civil servants, cleaners etc.

 

MOBILITY OF SOCIAL CLASS

Mobility is the movement of people from one (place) class to another. Social class is flexible because a person can move from one class to another. Mobility allows a child born into a poor family to become rich if he works hard enough.

EVALUATION QUESTIONS

  1. Mention the areas through which traditional society in Nigeria is stratified.
  2. List and explain the three social classes in modern society.

Reading Assignment

  1. Solakat new syllabus on social studies for JSS basic nine by A.O.Oyewole. pg 24-27
  2. Simplified social studies for Nigeria secondary schools and colleges. Book 3 by yusuf R.A. pg 13-16.

 

Weekend Assignment

  1. The classification of people into different layers according to the possession of cherished values is (a) Social stigma (b) Social stratification (c) Capitalism
  2. The class that is composed mostly of civil servants and professional is (a) upper class (b) middle class (c) Lower class.
  3. Those who are struggling to survive are mostly in the (a) upper class (b) middle class (c) lower class.
  4. A few privileged people are mostly in the (a) lower class (b) upper class (c) middle class.
  5. The movement of people from one class to another is (a) mobility (b) movement (c) migration

    Theory

1.  What factors determine stratification in traditional societies?

2a.  Mention the different classes in society.

2b.  Explain one of them.

 

WEEK 8 Date………………………..

 

TOPIC:  GOAL SETTING

PERIOD 1

TOPIC:  MEANING OF GOAL SETTING

A goal is something a person hopes or works to accomplish. A goal is a proposed achievement towards which efforts are directed. People who often achieve their goals take time to define their goals and pursue them realistically. Goal setting makes the difference between successful and unsuccessful people.

For one to set goals successfully one should create balance in the aim, why and the way to go about creating the goals.

 

TYPES OF GOALS

Goals are often separated into two types: Long and Short –term goals.

1.  LONG-TERM GOALS: These are goals meant to be accomplished over a long period of time e.g. six months, several years or over a life time.

2.  SHORT TERM GOALS: These are goals someone sets to accomplish in a short period of time, such as one week, two weeks or a month.

 

EVALUATION QUESTION

  1. Discuss how one can set a goal.
  2. Enumerate the types of goal.

     

PERIOD 2

CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD GOALS

Good goals should be SMART i.e.

S-Specific: know exactly what you want to achieve.

M- Measurable: Progress made towards the set goals must be measurable.

A- Achievable: Be sure the goal is something you have the ability to accomplish.

R- Realistic: Be certain that the goal is something you can do and within the desired time frame.

T-Time bound: Set time limits.

Goals are easy or difficult to achieve. Things may get in and interrupt ones’ plans. Something may happen to affect ones’ plan; however persistence gets the work done.

 

IMPORTANCE OF GOAL SETTING

Goal setting is important because:-

1.  It provides a guide for decision making.

2.  It gives meaning and direction to ones’ activities, i.e. it enables one to have an idea of where one is going.

3.  Achievement of goals increases ones self-esteem.

4.  It serves as motivation.

5.  It serves as an action plan.

 

EVALUATION QUESTIONS

  1. State and explain the characteristics of a goal.
  2. Give (3) three importance of goal setting.

 

 

 

PERIOD 3

TOPIC:  EFFECTS OF ACHIEVING SET GOALS

  1. It increases self-esteem because you have to accomplish something.
  2. It encourages the individual to set further goals and accomplish other tasks.
  3. It helps to develop self-confidence.
  4. It makes you happy with your relationship.
  5. You get fulfilled.

 

OBSTACLES IN ACHIEVING GOALS

  1. Low self esteem.
  2. Inability to identify the importance of the goal.
  3. Lack of resources.
  4. Peer pressures.
  5. Setting unrealistic and un-measurable goals.
  6. Procrastination.
  7. Changes in one’s life circumstances.
  8. Changes in one’s values.

     

EVALUATION QUESTIONS

  1. Explain any (3) three effects of goals.
  2. What are the likely obstacles to the achievement of goals?

     

    Reading assignment

1. Solakat New Syllabus on Social Studies for Junior Schools Basic Nineby A.O.Oyewole pg 121-123.

2. Simplified Social Studies for Nigeria Secondary Schools and Colleges Book 3 by Yusuf R.A. pg 105-108.

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. What a person hopes or works to accomplish is (a) goal (b) height (c) procrastination
  2. Goals are separated into two namely (a) long and short term goals (b) National and International goals (c) Medium and longer goals.
  3. One of the obstacles in achieving set goals is ____________________ (a) Procrastination (b) motivation (c) plan.
  4. Achievement of goals increases one’s (a) pride (b) Ego (c) self-esteem.
  5. Among the feature of good goals S- represents__________ (a) specific (b) starting point (c) stars.

 

Theory

1.  What are the benefits of achieving set goals?

2.  Mention the effects of achieving set goals?

 


 




Share this:


EcoleBooks | 1ST TERM JSS3 SOCIAL STUDIES Scheme of Work and Note

subscriber

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Accept Our Privacy Terms.*