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WAEC WASSCE [SSCE] SYLLABUS FOR GHANAIAN LANGUAGES

 

1.  PREAMBLE

 

The Ghanaian Language syllabus is based on the Teaching Syllabus which seeks to equip students with knowledge and skills to communicate effectively, appreciate cultures and values of the society and integrate smoothly into speech/language community. The syllabus is thus meant to examine candidates’ communicative competence and ability to appreciate their cultural environment for peaceful co-existence and national development.

 

2.  AIMS

 

The syllabus is designed to encourage students to improve their reasoning skills, and improve their ability to contribute to the solution of the problems of a dynamic society. Aspects to be examined consist of Phonology, Reading Comprehension, Writing, Literature and Customs and Institutions of the various Ghanaian ethnic groups and their languages.

 

 

3.  ASSESSMENT OBJECTIVES

 

Language

 

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Candidates will be tested on their ability to

(1)  understand, arrange and present facts, ideas and opinions in a coherent manner.

(2)  evaluate information in reading material and select what is relevant to specific purposes.

(3)  articulate, experience and express what is felt and what is imagined.

(4)  recognize implicit meaning and attitudes.

(5)  recognize the sound and structural patterns of the language.

 

Literature

 

Candidates will be tested on their ability to

(1)  understand literary texts and have a deeper meaning of themes,characterization and attitudes.

(2)  recognize and appreciate ways in which authors/performers use language to achieve their effects (e.g. diction, syntax, imagery, plot, etc.)

(3)  communicate a sensitive and personal response to what is read.

 

 

 

4.  SCHEME OF EXAMINATION

 

 There will be two papers: Papers 1 and 2, both of which must be taken.

 

 PAPER 1: Language Skill Development (3 hours)

 

 This paper will consist of four sections: A, B, C and D and will carry 120 marks.

 

SECTION A:  Composition 40 (marks)

 

Four topics for composition will be set and candidates will be required to write an essay of about 450 to 500 words on one of them for 40 marks. The following types of writing will be  tested:

 Narrative

 Descriptive (Instructions/Directions/Processes)

 Argument Discussion Speech writing

Letter writing

 

Some of the topics could be selected from unit three of Year 4 of the Teaching syllabus.

Topics for this section may include what candidates have covered under Customs and Institutions and candidates’ essays will be expected to reflect the knowledge they have acquired in this area.

Candidates will be expected to display maturity in their use of language (e.g. figures of speech, choice of words, etc.) and their organization of facts and ideas.

 

SECTION B:  Translation 20 (marks)

 

A prose passage of between 150 and 200 words will be set in English for translation into the chosen Ghanaian Language. Passages will be set to cover various registers and the types of writing will include:

 

 Narrative, Descriptive, Explanation of ideas, Speeches,Directions, Instructions etc.

Some of the topics could be selected from unit three of Year 4 of the Teaching syllabus.

 

 The section shall carry 20 marks.

 

 SECTION C:  Comprehension 20 (marks)

 

A prose passage or verse of about 300 to 350 words will be set.Ten questions will be set to cover the following areas: Content, Vocabulary/Idioms, Figures of speech, Shades of meaning, Inference, Extrapolation, Summary (Title/Main points, etc.)

 Candidates will be required to answer all the questions for 20 marks.

 

 

Passages for comprehension could be selected based on some of these topics recommended in unit three of Year 4 of the Teaching syllabus.

 

SECTION D: LANGUAGE

 In this section items will be set to cover phonology, and syntax .

 The section shall carry 40 marks.

 

 N.B.

 A detailed syllabus for Section D appears at the end of this syllabus.

 

 PAPER 2 –   (2½ hours)

 

 This paper will consist of two sections: A and B

 

 SECTION A: Oral Literature/Customs & Institutions 20 (marks)

 

Two questions will be set and candidates will be expected to answer only one of them for 20 marks. This section will test candidates’ knowledge of the following:  

 

 Marriage and divorce

 Taboos and oaths

 Naming, puberty and initiation rites

 Chieftaincy and Traditional Administration

 Traditional judicial procedure

 Proverbs

 Dirges

 Riddles

 Puzzles

 Historical narratives

 Folktales

 Lyrics

 Lullabies

 Libation texts

 Drum/Xylophone/Horn texts

 Occupational songs

 War songs

 Play songs

 Candidates’ work at this level should show in-depth knowledge

 and analysis of the various aspects of oral literature/customs and institutions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SECTION B: Written Literature

 

 This section will be divided into three parts: I, II and III.

 Each part shall carry 20 marks.

 

 Part I: Prose

 

One set book will be prescribed for detailed study for three years. Two questions will be set on the book and candidates will be required to study and answer one of the questions.

 

 Part II: Drama

 

One set book will be prescribed for detailed study for three years. Two questions will be set on the book and candidates will be required to study and answer one of the questions.

 

 Part III: Poetry

 

One set book will be prescribed for detailed study for three years. Two questions will be set on the book and candidates will be required to study and answer one of the questions.

 

NB:

 

This paper will test candidates’ knowledge of theme, incident, plot, context, characterization, appreciation, stylistic devices, etc.

 

5.  DETAILED SYLLABUS FOR LANGUAGE

 

 I.  Phonology

 

(a)  Vowels   – Length, Nasalization, Assimilation, Elision, Diphthongs/Vowel sequence/ Vowel Harmony

 

(b)   Consonants –  Assimilation, Mutation,  Consonant gemination (where applicable);Secondary Articulation e.g.Labialization, Palatalization

 

(c)  Tone  – Level, Carriers,Tonal Structure (Intonation),

 

 Lexical and grammatical use of tones.

 

(d)  Syllable – Types and Structure

 

 

II  Syntax

 

(a)  Sentences:

 

(i)  Types

(ii)  Functions

(iii)  Structure

 

(b)  Clauses:

 

(i)  Types

(ii)  Functions

(iii)  Structure

 

(c)  Phrases:

 

(i)  Types

(ii)  Functions

(iii)  Structure

 

  1. Word Classes

  (i)  Nouns (vi) Conjunctions

  (ii)  Verbs (vii) Postposition

  (iii)  Adverbs   (viii) Determiners

  (iv)  Adjectives   (ix) Particles

  (v)  Pronouns   (x) Auxilliaries

(b)  Word Formation

(c)  Direct/Indirect Speech

(d)  Agreement (concord)

 

6.  ALLOCATION OF MARKS

 

PAPER 1

 

SECTION A – Essay – 40 marks

SECTION B – Translation   – 20 marks

SECTION C – Comprehension – 20 marks

SECTION D – Language Structure 40 marks

  (a)   Phonology – 20 120 marks

(b)   Syntax – 20  

PAPER 2

SECTION – Oral Literature/Customs & Institutions 20 marks

SECTION B – Written Literature/Literary Appreciation  

 

Part I  (Prose) – 20 marks

  Part II  (Drama) – 20 marks

Part III (Poetry) – 20 marks

80 marks


Total Paper 1 & 2 = 200 marks

 

 


 




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