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1.  a) Give four inventions that improved textile manufacturing it Britain

during the industrial revolution.

  1. Population growth from the mid 18th Century expanded the internal market for manufactured goods.
  2. The agricultural revolution in Britain meant that more food could be produced for main centres, the rising population could be fed and many peasant thrown off toe land could become industrial workers/labour.
  3. Britain was the leading trading nation because of her large merchants/navy that guarded ships, iv) Empire provided Britain with raw materials and captive markets necessary for industrialization,
  4. Britain’s network consisting of roads, railways, canals, bridges and harbours was extended and this helped industrialization.
  5. The merchant and middle class who favoured industrialization increased their influence and pressured the government to adopt measures for favourable industrialization/enterprising merchant’s courage.
  6. The existence of well – established cottage industry provided a base for industrialization viii) Availability of coal and iron, which served as the basis of industrialization, ix). Some of the inventions that stimulated the industrial revolution such as steam engine were made in Britain.

x) Britain enjoyed relative peace compared to other European countries/political stability, xi) No internal custom barriers e.g. tariffs. xii) Scientific invention/knowledge/skill xiii) Availability of capital xiv) Banking plus insurance system.

  1. State six reasons why the industrialization revolution first took place in
    1. Availability of new machines and methods of production.
    2. Masses of manufactured goods were produced on a scale unprecedented in history.
    3. It improved transport and communication. iv)  It led to an enormous expansion of local and international trade.
    4. It created new employment opportunities.
    5. It led to the expansion of urbanization. vii)

      It intensified economic rivalries among nations.

viii) It revolutionized agricultural production. ix) It raised the standards of living of the people.

  1. It sharpened social stratification.
  2. It led to the expansion of the banking industry. xii)

    Full utilization or exploitation of natural resources.

    xiii) Specialization in jobs.

  1. State six economic effects of the industrial revolutions in Europe.
    1. Overcrowding in urban centres/rural-urban migration, ii) Child labour/women/exploitation of labour. iii)  Poor working conditions, low wages/long working hours.
    2. Spread of

      diseases/poor sanitation,

    3. Increase in crime, vi)


 vii)  Class struggle viii) Pollution ix)

Poor/lack of housing/slums/shanties

2.  Identify three uses of bronze in the Kingdom of Lerlin.

i)  It was used to make weapons ii)  It was used to make decorations/ornaments iii)  It was used as item of trade iv)  It was used for plaques for kings and figurines
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