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2¼ hours

 

 

UGANDA NATIONAL EXAMINATION BOARD

Uganda Certificate of Education

PHYSICS

Paper 1

Time: 2¼ hours

 

SECTION A: (40 MARKS)

Answer all questions from this section.

1.  Which one of the following devices converts electrical energy to mechanical energy?

A. Thermopile.  C. Dynamo.

B. Battery.  D. Motor.

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2.  A razor blade floating on water sinks when a few drops of paraffin are added to the water because

A.  paraffin is denser than water. B.  surface tension of water increases.

C.  surface tension of water reduces. D.  cohesion of water molecules increases.

 

3.  Which one of the following is true about a periscope? It

A.  gives a laterally inverted image. B.  is used to observe an obscured object.

C.  is used for viewing distant objects.  D.  gives a magnified image of the object.

 

4.  An appliance that uses a current of 3 A is connected to the mains by wires that can carry up to 5A.

 The best fuse that can be used for the appliance is

A.  2A fuse  B.  3A fuse C.  4A fuse  D.  5A fuse

 

5.  In a cathode ray oscilloscope, the

A.  horizontal plates deflect the electron beam in the 7-direction.

B.  electrons are accelerated towards the screen by the grid.

C.  vacuum hinders the motion of the electrons.

D.  electrons are emitted from heated anode.

 

6.  Find the force that would give a mass of 400 g an acceleration of 8 ms-2

A.  0.05 N. B.  3.20 N.  C.  20.00 N.  D.  50.00 N.

 

7.  A hollow glass sphere of mass 60 g floats in water such that two-thirds of its volume is under water of density 1g cm-3. Find the volume in cm of the sphere

A.  20. B.  40.  C.  60. D.  90.

 

8.  All electromagnetic waves

A.  highly penetrate matter.  

B.  produce ionisation in gases.

C.  cause heating effect when absorbed by matter.

D.  do not require any material medium for transmission.

 

9.  When a steel rod is stroked using a bar magnet, the

(i)  rod attracts small steel pins.

(ii)  rod will be charged.

(iii)  magnetic dipoles will be aligned.

A.  (i) only.  B.  (i) and (ii) only

C.  (ii) and (iii) only. D.  (i) and (iii) only.

 

10.  The radium Image From EcoleBooks.com
nuclide has

A.  138 protons and 88 neutrons.  B.  138 neutrons and 88 protons.

C.  138 electrons and 88 neutrons. D.  138 protons and 88 electrons.

 

11.  An athlete who covers 80 m in 10s is timed using the number of heart beat. If the heart beat of the

person timing is 72 per minute, find the number of heart beat counted.

A.  7.2 B.  8.0  C.  12.0 D.  13.0

 

12.  The fins of a car radiator are painted black because black bodies are poor

A.  transmitters of heat. B.  reflectors of heat.

C.  absorbers of heat. D.  radiators of heat.

 

13.  Which one of the following wave patterns on a CRO represents sound of the highest pitch?

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14.  Two bulbs each rated 240 V, 25 W are lit for 5 hours each day. If the cost of each unit is shs.200, find how much it costs to run the bulbs for 30 days.

A.  Shs 1,500.  B.  Shs l2,000. C.  Shs 60,000.  D.  Shs 1,500,000

 

15.  When a body is raised above the ground its gravitational potential energy

A.  is raised.  B.  is lowered.

C.  remains constant. D.  changes to kinetic energy.

 

16.  Which of the following statements is true?

A.  The temperature at which water freezes is – 273°C.

B.  The boiling point of water is 373K.

C.  The value of the absolute zero is 0°C.

D.  Evaporation is possible at a temperature of OK.

 

17.  Figure 1 represents lines on a sheet of writing paper observed through a convex lens.

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What is the magnification?

A.  0.50. B.  1.50.  C.  2.0 D.  0. 3.00.

 

18.  The direction of the force on a current carrying conductor in a magnetic field depends on

(i)  direction of current,

(ii)  strength of the magnetic field.

(iii)  direction of the magnetic field.

A.  (iii) only. B.  (i) and (ii) only.

C.  (i) and (iii) only. D.   (i), (ii) and (iii).

 

19.  In an elastic collision,  

A.  bodies move with a common velocity. B.  kinetic energy is not conserved.

C.  kinetic energy is conserved.  D.  bodies stick together.

 

20.  Find the final temperature of a gas when its pressure is doubled and volume is tripled, given that its initial temperature is T.

A.  Image From EcoleBooks.com B.  Image From EcoleBooks.com  C.  Image From EcoleBooks.com D.  Image From EcoleBooks.com

21.  Two plane mirrors M1
and m2
are inclined to each other at an angle of 70°.

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If the ray AB incident on M\ is reflected as shown in figure 2, find the angle of incidence, i.

A.  40°. B.  50°. C.  60°. D.  70°.

 

22.   An a.c generator can be modified to produce d.c by

 A.  Increasing the number of coils.

 B.  increasing the number of turns in the coil.

 C.  using an electromagnet instead of a permanent magnet.

 D.  replacing the slip rings with split rings.

 

23.  Figure 3 shows a constant force, F acting on a mass placed on a rough surface.

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Which of the following statements about the mass is correct?

A.  Acceleration is constant if F is equal to frictional force.

B.  Velocity is constant if F
is greater than frictional force.

C.  Momentum is constant if F
is equal to frictional force.

D.  It moves to the left if frictional force is greater than F.

 

24.  A concrete bridge develops a notch when overloaded because it is,

A.  stiff B.  brittle  C.  elastic. D.  ductile.

 

25.  Three waves pass a post every minute in a lake. If the average distance between the waves is 15m, find the average speed of the waves.

  1. 2700 ms-1. B.   900 ms-1.  C.  300 ms-1.  D.  0.75 ms-1.  

 

26.  In the circuit shown in the figure 4, the potential difference across is

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 A.  R1 and R2 are equal. B.  R1 and R4 are equal.

C.  R2 and R4 are equal. D.  R3 and R4 are equal.

 

27.  A car engine exerts a force of 500 N in moving 1000 m in 200 s. Calculate the power developed by the engine.  

 A.  200 W B.  500 W C.  1000 W D.  2500 W

 

28.  Figure 5 shows a transverse wave. What is its wave length?

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A.  4 cm. B.  3 cm.  C.  2 cm. D.  1 cm.

 

29.  Calculate the charge which flows through a 600 W resistor when a p.d of 20 V is applied for 30 s across its ends.

A.  900 C. B.  600 C.  C.  20 C. D.  1C.

 

30.  Oil of volume 1.0 ´
10″ cm is dropped on the surface of clean water. If it spreads to form a circle of radius 4 cm, find the diameter of a molecule of oil.

A. 1.99 x l0-4cm.  B. 7.96 x l0-4cm.

C. 1.26 x 101 cm  D. 5.03 x 101 cm

 

31.  Figure 6 shows two forces of 10 N and 8 N acting on a body. What is the value and direction of the force needed to resolve its original shape?

 

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A.  2 N to the left. B.  18 N to the left.

C.  2 N to the right.  D.  18 N to the right.

 

32.  A body which is accelerating

A.  experiences zero force.  B.  decreases its velocity to zero.

C.  travels with increasing velocity. D.  travels only in a straight line.

 

33.  Charge distribution on a conductor depends on,

A.  the material out of which the conductor is made.  B.  shape of conductor.

C.  quantity of charge. D.  nature of the charge.

 

34. A wheel barrow that is used to carry a load across a soft ground should have a

A.  narrow wheel because it exerts greater pressure on the ground.

B.  narrow wheel because it exerts less pressure on the ground.

C.  wide wheel because it exerts greater pressure on the ground.

D.  wide wheel because it exerts less pressure on the ground.

 

35.  Figure 7 shows a block of mass 0.5 kg pulled from rest a long a frictionless table by a steady force F and
attained a speed of 8 m s in 2 s. Find F.

 

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A.  0.125 N. B.  1N. C.  2N.  D.  4N.

 

36.  The law of electrostatic states that

A.  charges occur in pairs. B.  charges repel each other.

C.  like charges repel each other.  D.  like charges attract each other.

 

37.  An element X has atomic mass of 228 and atomic number of 90. It emits a b – particle forming an element Y. The symbol for Y is

A.  Image From EcoleBooks.com B.  Image From EcoleBooks.com C.  Image From EcoleBooks.com D.  Image From EcoleBooks.com

 

38.  Figure 8 shows a spring balance supporting a block being lowered into a beaker containing water.

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When the block is immersed in water, the reading of the spring balance

A.  reduces B.  increases

C.  becomes zero. D.  remains constant.

 

39.  When a mass is hanged from a spring balance and removed, the pointer on the spring balance does not return to the initial position because the

A.  spring was too short.

B.  extension of the spring was proportional to the mass.

C.  spring stretched to proportional limit.

D.   spring extended beyond the elastic limit.

 

40.  A prefect blows a whistle and hears the echo from a wall after l.l s. If the speed of sound in air is

330 ms-1, calculate the distance of the wall from the prefect.

A.  181.5m.  B.  300.0 m. C.  363.0m.  D.  600.0 m.

 

 

SECTIONS: (40 MARKS)

Answer all questions in this section. All working must be shown clearly in the spaces provided.

41.  (a)  Figure 9 shows a step-down transformer. Name the coils marked.

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(i)  A ………………………………………………………………………………. (½mark)

(ii)  B ………………………………………………………………………………. (½ mark)

(b)  If the transformer is used to step down mains supply from 480 V to – 24V and coil A has 800

 turns, determine the number of turns in coil B. (03 marks)

 …………………………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 …………………………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

42.  Two steel balls A and B of masses 2 kg and 1 kg are released from rest at the same time from heights of 20 m and 5 m respectively. Find the difference in time taken for A and B to strike the ground. (04 marks)

 …………………………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 …………………………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 …………………………………………………………………………………………………………

43.  (a)  What is meant by the term radioactivity?

 

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

(b) 

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The above equation shows three stages (i), (ii) and (iii) of radioactive series.

  1. Name the particles emitted at stage (ii) and stage (iii) of the series. (02 marks)

    ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………Which of the nuclei A, B, C, and D are isotopes? (01 mark)

     

    …………………………………………………………………………………………………

44.  (a)

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Figure 10 shows a petrol engine. Name the parts labelled A, B, C, and D. (02 marks)

 A.  ………………………………………………………………………….

B.  ………………………………………………………………………….

C.  ………………………………………………………………………….

D.  ………………………………………………………………………….

(b)  State what happens in the petrol engine during the power stroke. (02 marks}

 …………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

45.  A steel rod of cross-sectional area 32 m2 is 4 m long. When a force of
1.6 x 105 N is applied to the rod, its length increases by 1 mm. Calculate the

(i)  stress in the rod,   (02 marks)

 …………………………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

(ii)  strain produced. (02 marks)

 …………………………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

46.  (a)  

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A ray of white light is incident on a glass prism a shown in figure 11. Complete the diagram to show effect of the glass prism on the ray.  (02 marks)

 

(b)  Find the critical angle for glass in air if the refractive index of the
glass is 1.5.  (02 marks)

 

 

 

 

47.  (a) Define the ohm as a unit of resistance.  (01 mark)

 …………………………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

(b)

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Figure 12 shows two cells E and E of e.m.fs 1.0 V and 1.5 V and internal resistances of 1.0 Q and 0.5 Q respectively connected in series with an 8.5 Q resistor. Calculate the current flowing through the circuit. (03 marks)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

48.  

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Figure 13 shows the diagram of an X-ray tube.

(a)  Name the part labeled E. (01 mark)

 ………………………………………………………………………………………..

(b)  What is the function of the part labeled F? (01 mark)

 …………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

(c)  Why is the X-ray tube evacuated?  (01 mark)

 …………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

(d)  State two precautions to be taken when using X-rays.  (01 mark)

 …………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

49.   (a) What is meant by specific latent heat of vaporisation? (01 mark)

 

(b) 

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Figure 14 represents a cooling curve of steam. State what takes place over regions

(i) ST,  …………………………………………………………………… (01 mark}

(ii) UR.  …………………………………………………………………… (01 mark}

 

(c )  Why is a burn from steam more harmful than one due to boiling water? (01 mark]

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

 …………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

50.
(a)  What is a longitudinal wave? (01 mark)

 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………


(b)

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Figure 15 shows a sound wave produced from a tuning fork vibrating at 800 Hz. Calculate the velocity of the wave in the medium.  (02 marks)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(c)  State two factors which determine the velocity of sound in air. (01 mark)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………  …………………………………………………………………………………………………

END

 

 


 




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