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GREENHILL ACADEMY

WK 1

LESSON 1

ADJECTIVES

What is an adjective?

a)  An adjective is a word that describes a noun.

b)  We can also say that it is a word that talks about a noun.

e.g.

1.  A tall man.

2.  We have a black car.

3.  Our teacher built a nice house.

The words tall, black, and nice are used to describe (or to talk more) about the man, the car, and the house.

 

Other examples of adjectives are;

ecolebooks.com

1.  red 8.  beautiful

2.  ugly 9.  poor

3.  cold 10.  lazy

4.  slow 11.  hot

5.  hardworking 12.  __________

6.  rich 13.  __________

7.  short 14.  __________

 

Use the adjectives to describe the following words

1.  a _________________ house.

2.  a _________________ tree.

3.  a _________________boy.

4.  a _________________ journey.

5.  a _________________ hardworking.

6.  a _________________ knife.

 

 

Underline adjectives in the sentences below.

1.  The table has a smooth surface.

2.  Wild animals live in the bush.

3.  It is very cold today.

4.  The stubborn boys sit near the teacher.

5.  The knife is very sharp.

6.  The stone sank into the deep ocean.

7.  This is a very narrow road.

8.  I have an empty soda bottle.

9.  My brother is a very careful boy.

10.  She walked in the dark night.

11.  Diego is a rich man.

 

WK 1

LESSON 2

Comparisons in adjectives

There are three levels of comparisons in adjectives, these are;

a)  Positive

This is when you are talking about or describing an item or person.

Example

1.  Kaganda is a short boy.

2.  She is a small girl.

3.  He is a tall man.

The words like short, small and tall are in the positive degree.

 

b)  Comparative

 This is when we compare two persons or things.

1.  Watasa is shorter
than Nkamba.

2.  She is smaller than her sister.

3.  He is taller than his wife.

 The words like shorter, smaller and taller are in the comparative degree.

 

 

c)  Superlative

 This is when you are comparing more than two persons or things.

 Examples

1.  Joel is the fattest boy in the class.

2.  She is the smallest girl in the family.

3.  He is the tallest man in the village.

 Shortest, smallest and tallest are in the superlative degree.

 

A.  Most adjectives add ‘er’ to form the comparative and ‘est’ to form the superlative form as shown in the examples below.

 loud louder loudest

 fast faster fastest

 cold colder coldest

 

Exercise

Complete the gaps below in the comparative and superlative.

Positive 

Comparative 

Superlative 

slow 

  

soft

  

quick

  

tall

  

neat

  

bright

  

clever

  

cold

  

few

  

high

  

deep

  

young

  

clean

  

long

  

strong

  

large

  

late

  

dry 

  

 

 

WK 1

LESSON 3

Using the comparative form

We use the comparative form to compare one thing / person from another.

 

Examples

1.  Joy is brighter than Mariam.

2.  The teacher is taller than David.

3.  That dress is older than mine.

 

The superlative

The superlative form is used to compare one thing with more than one other thing or people.

Examples

a)  He is the tallest man in our family.

b)  Our school is the biggest in Kampala district.

i)  One man is compared to the rest of the men in the family in a sentence.

ii)  In sentence b, one school is compared to the rest of the other schools in the district.

 

Sentence construction (oral)

Using adjectives in their superlative forms, pupils construct sentences. E.g.

1.  Katono is the poorest man in the village.

2.  Musa is the brightest boy in the class.

a)  ________________________________________________________________

b)  ________________________________________________________________

c)  ________________________________________________________________

d)  ________________________________________________________________

e)  ________________________________________________________________

 

 

Exercise

Use the correct form of the words in brackets.

1.  Buses are ______________ than trains. (fast)

2.  I have the ______________ book in the whole class. (neat)

3.  Victoria scored the __________________ marks in Mathematics. (high)

4.  Boys are _______________ than girls. (few)

5.  They are _______________ than us. (quick)

6.  Brian is the___________ boy. (tall)

7.  An aeroplane is the _______________ means of transport. (quick)

8.  How ________________ are you? (oldest)

9.  January is the _______________ month of the year. (dry)

10.  The Nile is the _________________ river in the world. (long)

 

WK 2

LESSON 1

Adjectives that double the middle letters in comparative and superlative

A)  Some adjectives double the middle letter before adding _er in the comparative or _est in the superlative as shown below.

Positive 

Comparative 

Superlative 

big

bigger

biggest

fat

fatter

fattest

thin

thin

thinnest

wet

wetter

wettest

hot

____________

_____________

 

Use the correct form of the words in the brackets to fill in the gaps

1.  Bruno is ______________than Isaac. (big)

2.  He is the ______________man in our clan. (thin)

3.  An elephant is the ______________ animal in the Zoo. (fat)

b.  Some adjectives form their superlative and comparative forms with different words as shown in the examples below. These are called regular adjectives.

 

 

Positive 

Comparative 

Superlative 

good

better

best

bad

worse

worst

many

more

most

little

less

least

far

farther

farthest

much

more

most

 

Use the correct form of the adjective to fill in the gaps below.

1.  Hosea’s handwriting is __________ than mine. (good)

2.  In our class, girls are ___________________ than boys. (many)

3.  Of the three girls, Zahara got the ________________ mangoes. (little)

4.  Kivumbi has the _________________handwriting in the class. (bad)

5.  Your house is ____________________ than ours.(good)

6.  My _______________mark was fifty. (little)

 

Fill in the gaps correctly

 Positive Comparative Superlative  

7.  bad ______________ worst

8.  _____________ better best

9.  many more _____________

10.  little ______________ least

 

WK 2

LESSON 2

Adjective that end in –y

For adjectives that end in y, the last letter ‘y’ is changed to ‘i’ then add – er in the comparative or est in the superlative form as shown in the examples below.

 

Positive 

  

easy 

easier 

easiest 

funny 

funnier

funniest 

busy 

busier 

busiest 

happy 

__________________ 

happiest 

noisy 

__________________

noisiest 

lively 

livelier 

____________________ 

tidy 

__________________ 

____________________ 

dirty 

dirtier 

____________________ 

wealthy 

wealthier 

____________________ 

10 

mighty 

__________________ 

____________________ 

11 

ugly 

uglier  

____________________ 

 

Activity

Form the comparative forms of these adjectives.

 

Positive 

 

easy 

easier

funny 

_________________

heavy

heavier

happy 

___________________

noisy 

___________________

2.  Form the superlative forms of these adjectives

 

Positive 

 

tidy 

tidiest 

mighty 

_________________ 

wealthy 

wealthiest 

noisy 

noisiest 

healthy 

___________________ 

 

Use the correct form of the adjectives to fill in the gaps

1.  English is the _____________________ subject of all. (easy)

2.  Your class is _________________ than ours. (noisy)

3.  The headmaster is the _____________man at school. (busy)

4.  Of the two dresses, Joan’s is the ____________. (pretty)

5.  Sand is ____________than cotton. (heavy)

6.  In the whole class, Kitoogo borrowed the _________________ book. (funny)

7.  She was the _______________ woman on her wedding. (happy)

8.  He is the _______________ soldier in the whole army. (mighty)

9.  She is the __________________ woman in the division. (lazy)

10.  Albeto is __________________ than Opio. (wealthy)

 

WK 2

LESSON 3

Long Adjectives

There are some long adjectives, these take ‘more’ before them in the comparative form and ‘most’ before them in the superlative. These adjectives have two or more syllables (sounds).

 

The following are examples of long adjectives

a.  beautiful

b.  handsome

c.  careful

d.  dangerous

e.  harmful

f.  expensive

g.  careless

h.  honest, etc.

 

Positive 

Comparative 

Superlative  

beautiful

more beautiful

most beautiful

careful

more careful

most careful

dangerous

___________________

___________________

expensive

___________________

___________________

handsome

___________________

___________________

careless

___________________

___________________

wonderful

___________________

___________________

 

Use the correct form of the words in the brackets to fill in the gaps

1.  She is _____________ than her sister. (beautiful)

2.  It is the ____________ insect. (dangerous)

3.  Aeroplanes are ______________ than buses. (expensive)

4.  Mosquitoes are ______________ than houseflies. (dangerous)

5.  He is the __________ man in the whole village. (honest)

6.  Your necklace is ____________ than mine. (precious)

7.  You should be _______________ than your neighbour. (careful)

8.  Dogs are ____________ than cats. (faithful)

9.  Okurut is the ____________ man in his family. (disorganized)

10.  He is the _______________ child in the class. (careless)

  • MK PRECISE ENGLISH GRAMMAR PAGES 37-49.
  • PROGRESS IN ENGLISH 17-21.
  • STANDARD ENGLISH AID BK 6 PAGES 25-27.
  • HIGH SCHOOL ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND COMPOSITION PAGE 19-33.

 

WEEK 3

LESSON 1

PUNCTUATION

What is punctuation?

Punctuation is the correct use of punctuation marks.

 

Examples of punctuation marks are;

1.  Capital letters ( A, B, C, D)

2.  Question marks (?)

3.  Full stop (.)

4.  Apostrophe (‘)

5.  Comma (,)

6.  An exclamation mark (!)

 

A capital letter

Capital letters are used to:

a)  begin sentences

e.g

1)  She is a secretary in that office.

2.  My father is a teacher.

3.  We use bricks to build houses.

 

b)  Capital letters are used to begin people’s and place names e.g

1.  Kabalagala

2.  Masaka

3.  Entebbe

4.  Grace

5.  Isaac

6.  Kalule

7.  __________________

8.  __________________

 

c)  Capital letters begin days of the week and months of the year.e.g

1.  Sunday  5.  Friday

2.  Monday  6.  _______________

3.  February  7.  _______________

4.  April 8.  _______________

 

d)  It is also used to begin important days e.g

1.  Easter

2.  Hero’s day

3.  Martyrs’ day

4.  Christmas day

5.  _______________________

6.  _______________________

7.  _______________________

8.  _______________________

 

e)  It is used in short forms or abbreviations e.g

P.O  –  Post Office

Hm  –  Hectometer

Rd.  –  Road

St.  –  Street / Saint

U.P.E.-  Universal Primary Education

P.L.E  –  Primary Leaving Examination

Tr.  –  Teacher

Mr.  –  Mister /master

L.C  –  Local Council

U.S.E  –  Universal Secondary Education

U.S.A  –  United States of America

Hon.  –  Honourable

Dr.  –  Doctor

 

WK 4

LESSON 2

FULL STOP

A full stop is used at the end of the sentence. e.g

  1. A carpenter makes things out of wood.
  2. A porter sold all his pots.
  3. ____________________________________________
  4. ____________________________________________

     

    b)  A full stop is also used in short forms. E.g

    Dr. Hon.

    Sch. H/M.

    Tr. P.O

    Mr. Fri.

     

    Exercise

    Punctuate the following sentences using capital letters and full stops.

     

    1.  mr olara is a doctor at mulago hospital

    2.  the fishmonger works in kansanga market

    3.  Brenda cooks delicious food

    4.  the children played the drum very loudly last Friday

    5.  we got our holidays in december

    6.  daddy went to china

    7.  the barber cuts people’s hair

    8.  we shall meet on easter

    9.  he wrote his work nicely

    10.  dr Rhoda is very kind

     

    WK 3

    LESSON 3

    QUESTION MARK

    A question mark is used at the end of an asking sentence.

     

    Examples

    1.  What is your name?

    2.  Are you going to see the butcher?

    3.  How old are you?

    4.  _________________________________

    5.  _________________________________

    6.  _________________________________

     

    Exercise

    Punctuate these sentences correctly.

    1.  what’s the matter with her

    2.  How do you call that lady

    3.  Did you buy the fish from the market

    4.  Are there many children in your home

    5.  Can you weave the mat

    6.  Was the dance good during assembly

    7.  Will you come to school tomorrow

    8.  When will your parents come for you

    9.  Are there chairs in the workshop

    10.  Who was making noise in class

     

  • HIGH SCHOOL ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND COMPOSITION PAGES 272-277.
  • PROGRESS IN ENGLISH PAGES 56-57.
  • MK PRECISE ENGLISH GRAMMAR PAGES 163-167.

 

WK 4

LESSON 1

THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE

The present simple tense is used to show that something happens more.

 

Requirements for the present simple tense

You add ‘s’ or ‘es’ to the verb when using he, she or it.

 

Examples

a)  He goes to the river everyday.

b)  She comes to our home every evening.

c)  Betty sits on her chair properly.

 

Common words used in present simple tense are:

everyday

sometimes

always

often

usually

etc.

 

Change these verbs into present simple tense

a)  sell  ____________________________ j)  sing ________________

b)  play ____________________________ k)  touch _______________

c)  weave ____________________________ l)  do _________________

d)  dance ____________________________ m)  go _________________

e)  cook ____________________________

f)  make ____________________________

g)  sew ____________________________

h)  catch ____________________________

i)  eat

 

Complete the following sentences using the correct form of the words in brackets

1.  The tailor ____________________ many clothes over the weekend. (sew)

2.  My grandmother _________________ mats every Sunday. (sell)

3.  Carol __________________ fish for her baby twice a week. (cook)

4.  She _______________ her homework every evening. (do)

5.  Our secretary _________________ in the office every morning. (sit)

6.  He ________________ with his new toy car every afternoon. (play)

7.  The boy ____________________ to school every morning. (go)

8.  Mubiru ___________________ very good chairs and tables every weekend. (make)

9.  He ________________ fish every night. (catch)

10.  Daphine ____________________ an aeroplane every Friday. (fly)

 

  • STANDARD ENGLISH BK 6 PAGE 20.
  • MK PRECISE ENGLISH GRAMMAR PAGES 71-72.
  • HIGH SCHOOL ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND COMPOSITION PAGE 71- 76.

WK 4

LESSON 2

Verbs

What are verbs?

a)  Verbs are doing words.

b)  They are words of action.

 

Examples of verbs are;

come, go, sing, play, run, kill, drive, write, sit, …………….etc

 

Read these sentences

1.  Rhoda is driving a car.

2.  Musoke eats a lot of carrots.

3.  Amelia teaches Mathematics.

The words driving, eats, teaches are doing words. They tell the actions done in the above sentences.

 

Apart from the verbs mentioned above, mention ten more examples of verbs.

1.  _____________________ 6.  ____________________

2.  _____________________ 7.  ____________________

3.  _____________________ 8.  ____________________

4.  _____________________ 9.  ____________________

5.  _____________________ 10.  ____________________

 

Fill in the gaps below with the correct verbs

1.  The children _____________ on the chairs properly.

2.  Amina _______________ to school yesterday.

3.  Peter and Harmony are ________________ football.

4.  Namuli _____________ well in her exercise book.

5.  My father is ______________ down a big tree.

 

There are ten verbs in the words below underline them.

1.  he  11.  that

2.  hiding  12.  stone

3.  run  13.  standing

4.  stop  14.  kick

5.  slowly  15.  against

6.  at  16.  baby

7.  laugh  17.  feel

8.  daughter 18.  drink

9.  smile  19.  water

10.  play  20.  car

 

Underline the verbs in the following sentences

1.  I cook food for my family.

2.  It rained last week.

3.  The boys play a lot of games.

4.  I am speaking English.

5.  Musisi cleaned the class alone.

6.  Enock draws nice pictures.

7.  They bought new clothes.

8.  She stopped coming to school.

9.  Maureen will climb a tree.

10.  My teachers come to school every

WEEK4

LESSON 3

 

The present simple tense

The present simple tense is used to show that something happens or is done more than once.

e.g

1.  He goes to school.

2.  He runs very fast.

3.  They kill animals.

 

Requirements of the present simple tense

Add ‘s’ and ‘es’ to the verb when using he, she or it and a noun.

Image From EcoleBooks.come.g

He

She runs

Moses goes

It drives

No ‘s’ is written at the end when using the following.

I, they, we or you

Image From EcoleBooks.comI sweep

They do

We go

You drive

 

Form the present simple tense from the following verbs

e.g

write  –  writes

hide  –  hides

drive  –  drives

go  –  ____________

run  –  ____________

come  –  ____________

see  –  ____________

grow  –  ____________

eat  –  ____________

climb  –  ____________

wash  –  ____________

walk  –  ____________

sit  –  ____________

rain  –  ____________

 

Use the present simple tense of the verbs to fill in the gaps below

1.  Our mother ____________ very good English. (speak)

2.  Doreen ___________ faster than Joseph. (run)

3.  Many moslems _______ to the mosque on Friday. (go)

4.  Okia ________ to school everyday. (walk)

5.  Mabel __________ her homework quietly. (write)

6.  Sserugo _________ a very nice car. (drive)

7.  They ______________ trees near their home. (climb)

8.  Mwami _____________ his shoes every evening. (brush)

9.  Gloria ____________ every night. (cry)

10.  The boy ___________ rubbish on us all the time. (throw)

  • STANDARD ENGLISH BK 6 PAGE 20.
  • MK PRECISE ENGLISH GRAMMAR PAGES 71-72.
  • HIGH SCHOOL ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND COMPOSITION PAGE 71- 76.

 

WK 5

LESSON 1

THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

The present continuous tense is used to show that an activity is taking place at that time.

 

  1. The main verb in the present continuous tense ends with –ing.
  2. The helping verbs used in the present continuous tense are is and are.

     

    Examples of the words in the present continuous tense are;

    1.  doing 6.  beating

    2.  playing 7.  standing

    3.  singing 8.  ____________________

    4.  eating 9.  ____________________

    5.  fishing 10.  ____________________

     

    Exercise

    Form the present continuous tense of the following words by adding –ing

    a)  look  ___________________ g)  teach __________________

    b)  see _____________________ h)  drum __________________

    c)  go ______________________ i)  catch __________________

    d)  grow __________________ j)  throw ___________________

    e)  sew ___________________ k)  weave ___________________

    f)  cook __________________ i)  reach ____________________

     

    Use the correct form of the words in the brackets to fill the gaps.

  3. Why are you ___________________ at your friend? (laugh)
  4. Masaba is __________________ a book. (read)
  5. They are ___________________ English. (learn)

     

    Wk 5

    Lesson 2

    Some verbs form their present continuous tense by doubling the last letter.

     

    Example

    1.  sit –  sitting

    2.  rub –  rubbing

    3.  clap –  ________________

    4.  swim –  ________________

     

     

    Activity 1

    Change the following to present continuous tense.

    1.  run  _________________ 4.  shop  _______________

    2.  stop  _________________ 5.  trot  _______________

    3.  hop  _________________ 6.  nod  _______________

    4.  rob  _________________ 7.  slim  _______________

     

     

    Use the words in brackets correctly

    1.  She is ________________ a sweater. (knit)

    2.  Moses is ________________ a big tree. (cut)

    3.  Magezi is ________________ on a nice shirt. (put)

    4.  They are ______________ new pencils. (get)

    5.  Why are you ________________ so much? (beg)

    6.  They are ____________ unwanted papers. (drop)

    7.  My mother is ___________________ her bedroom now. (mop)

    8.  The farmers are _______________ in their garden. (dig)

    9.  He is _______________ us back. (drag)

    10.  Why are you _____________________so much? (brag)

     

    WK 5

    LESSON 3

    Verbs that end in ‘e’ drop their last letters (letter e) before taking –ing

     

    Example

     

    1.  dance –  dancing

    2.  take –  taking

    3.  make –  _________________

    4.  hide –  _________________

    5.  come –  _________________

    6.  move –  _________________

    7.  shake –  _________________

     

    Activity

    Form the present continuous tense of these verbs.

    1.  bake –  ______________

    2.  take –  ______________

    3.  give –  ______________

    4.  forgive  –  ______________

    5.  ride –  ______________

    6.  write –  ______________

    7.  brake –  ______________

    8.  strike –  ______________

    9.  weave –  ______________

    10.  drive –  ______________

    Use the words in brackets to complete the sentences

    1.  I am ____________ the best dress from the shop. (choose)

    2.  Sarah is ________________ with her new pen. (write)

    3.  The headmaster is __________________ hands with children in our class. (shake)

    4.  We are ________________ our papers. (file)

    5.  It is _______________ brightly over the hill. (shine)

    6.  Laura is ____________________ up from her sleep. (wake)

    7.  Why are you _____________ your brother? (bite)

    8.  Stop ________________ stones in the compound. (pile)

    9.  All the children are ________________. (doze)

    10.  Stop ________________at your friend’s work. (gaze)

     

  • HIGH SCHOOL ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND COMPOSITION PAGE 71- 76.
  • MK PRECISE ENGLISH GRAMMAR PAGES 71-75.

WK 6

LESSON 1

Joining sentences using structures ………like……..more than …………

We use ……….. like………… in comparison of something from another.

 

…………..like ………is used with ……….more than……..as in the sentences below.

1.  I like fish more than beef.

2.  The girls like dancing more than singing.

3.  The teachers like standing more than sitting.

Sentence construction using ……….like………….more than……

1.  _________________________________________________________________

2.  _________________________________________________________________

3.  _________________________________________________________________

…………like………..more than can be used to join sentences as shown in the examples below.

1.  I like soda. I like water more.

 I like water more than soda.

2.  My mother likes beef. She likes chicken more.

 My mother likes chicken more than beef.

3.  The children like singing. They like dancing more.

 The children like dancing more than singing.

 

Join the following sentences using ………….. like………………more than……..

1.  Togo likes writing. He likes reading more.

2.  Christine likes chips. She likes rice more.

3.  My brother likes playing tennis. He likes playing football more.

4.  Arinda likes playing. She likes studying more.

5.  The headmaster likes standing. He likes sitting more.

6.  The farmer likes fishing. He likes digging more.

7.  Masaba likes drinking water. He likes drinking juice more.

8.  Alice likes sweeping. She likes mopping more.

9.  The man likes driving. He likes walking more.

10.  Namubiru likes drawing. She likes colouring more.

 

WK 6

LESSON 2

Using ………….prefer……….to replace like………………more than……………

…………..prefer……….to………..can be used instead of …………..like……………..more than………. As shown in the examples below.

1.  I like meat more than fish.

 I prefer meat to fish.

 The above sentences have the same meaning but different words have been used.

 

Note:

a)  ……………like ……goes with ………. more than…………

b)  ……………..prefer takes the preposition ……………….to……….

 More examples

1.  I like playing football more than tennis.

 I prefer playing football to tennis.

2.  Rose likes chips more than matooke.

 Rose prefers chips to matooke.

 

Sentence construction using prefer … to…

1.  _________________________________________________________________

2.  _________________________________________________________________

3.  _________________________________________________________________

 

Rewrite the following sentences using … prefer … to… instead of …like …more than…

1.  Martha likes swimming more than dancing.

2.  Mbalu likes novida more than mountain dew.

3.  We like rice more than sweet potatoes.

4.  The teacher likes riding more than driving.

5.  Devine likes reading more than writing.

6.  Ashaba likes running more than walking.

7.  Patra likes studying more than walking.

8.  You like English more than Maths.

9.  Omenda likes watching TV more than riding his bicycle.

10.  The girls like mopping more than sweeping.  

11.  Alinda likes swimming more than jogging.

12.  Mummy likes washing more than ironing.

13.  Tabule likes drumming more than singing.

14.  Kavuma likes drawing more than painting.

15.  The children like mangoes more than apples.

 

  • MK PRECISE ENGLISH GRAMMAR PAGES 143.

 

WK 6

LESSON 3

Using …like…more than to replace …prefer…to…

Read the examples below.

a.  We prefer working to playing.

 We like working more than playing.

b.  The young man prefers riding a bicycle to driving a car.

 The young man likes riding a bicycle more than driving a car.

c.  Girls prefer singing to dancing.

 Girls like singing more than dancing.

 

Using the examples given, rewrite the sentences using …like…more than instead of …prefer …to…

1.  My friend prefers rice to posho.

2.  We prefer water melon to apples.

3.  Mwesigye prefers bread to doughnuts.

4.  Lindsay prefers cakes to sweets.

5.  Sam perefers apple juice to orange juice.

6.  Keturah prefers playing netball to hockey.

7.  Graham prefers beans to groundnuts.

8.  My father prefers cassava to sweet potatoes.

9.  Shivan prefers reading the Bible to newspapers.

10.  Morgan prefers staying at home to visiting friends.

11.  Alan prefers smiling to laughing.

12.  Onyait prefers keeping goats to cats.

13.  Gwanga prefers riding horses to bicycles.

14.  The baby prefers drinking milk to sodas.

15.  My grandmother prefers living in the village to town.

 

  • MK PRECISE ENGLISH GRAMMAR PAGES 143.

 

WK 7

LESSON 1

ADVERBS

What is an adverb?

An adverb is a word that adds more meaning to a verb.

Examples

1.  She walks slowly.

 The adverb slowly adds more meaning to the verb walk.

2.  Fahad runs quickly.

 The adverb quickly adds more meaning to the verb runs.

 Other examples of adverbs are softly, properly, loudly, narrowly, carefully, carelessly, gently, etc.

Activity

a)  Give ten more adverbs you know.

1.  __________________________ 6.  _________________________

2.  __________________________ 7.  __________________________

3.  __________________________ 8.  __________________________

4.  __________________________ 9.  __________________________

5.  __________________________ 10.  __________________________

 

b)  Use the correct adverb to complete the gaps below.

a)  The boy sits __________________________________.

b)  My mother speaks ____________________________.

c)  Grace walks __________________________________.

d)  The car moves __________________________________.

e)  My uncle drives the car __________________________________.

f)  We worked out our sums __________________________________.

 

3.  Underline the adverbs from the sentences below.

1.  The dog barked fiercely.

2.  She went home quickly.

3.  The dog nearly fell into the ditch.

4.  They happily danced around the stage.

5.  Mona shouted loudly.

6.  We hungrily ate the food.

7.  The young boy carelessly crossed the road.

8.  He drove us to school carefully.

9.  The examination was poorly done.

10.  Why can’t you sit properly?

WK 7

LESSON 2

FORMATION OF ADVERBS

Most adverbs are formed by adding –ly to another word.

Examples

loud –  loudly

soft –  softly

calm –  calmly

quick-  _________________

_____________-  properly

brief –  ________________

neat –  ________________

near –  ________________

careful –  ______________

careless –  ______________

rough –  ______________

slow-  ____________________

fair –  ____________________

active –  _______________

dangerous –  _______________

 

Activity

Find the words from which the following adverbs are made.

badly  ______________________

nearly  ______________________

humbly ______________________

weekly ______________________

smartly ______________________

poorly ______________________

sweetly ______________________

Fill in the gaps using the correct form of the adverb.

1.  The boy fell down _________________. (sudden)

2.  He was hurt very _________________. (bad)

3.  The groom was ___________________ dressed. (smart)

4.  The choir ________________ sang the national anthem. (soft)

5.  He _______________ welcomed the headmaster to give a speech. (calm)

6.  The boy ________________ wrote the spelling test. (careful)

7.  Oranges are ________________ sold at Nakawa market. (cheap)

8.  The children were ________________ involved in the lesson. (active)

9.  Isaac wrote the exercise __________________ .(neat)

10.  The driver overtook the speeding bus _____________.(danger)

 

 

WK 7

LESSON 3

Forming adverbs from words (adjectives ending in y)

For words ending –y, the last letter –y is dropped and the word takes on –ily as shown on the table below.

happy 

______________________

easy 

______________________ 

busy 

______________________ 

greedy 

______________________ 

angry 

______________________ 

hungry 

______________________ 

heavy 

______________________ 

merry 

merrily 

steady 

______________________ 

lazy 

______________________

hungry 

______________________ 

angry 

______________________ 

shabby 

______________________ 

clumsy 

clumsily 

 

 

Use the correct form of the words in the brackets to fill the gaps

1.  He ate the cake ___________________. (greedy)

2.  The lorry was _______________ loaded. (heavy)

3.  The maid ate the food ____________________ (hungry)

4.  The patient’s condition is _____________ improving. (steady)

5.  The couple was ________________ wedded at the church. (happy)

6.  The teacher asked for the homework books—————. (angry)

7.  The choir ______________ sang the Christmas Carols. (merry)

8.  Mathematics is __________________ done by many pupils at Greenhill. (easy)

9.  The dog jumped for the bone ______________________. (greedy)

10.  The lady _______________sang the song. (proud)

11.  The girl ____________washed the clothes. (lazy)

 

WK 8

LESSON 1

Similes

Similes are short phrases used to describe two items which are similar in appearance, taste or character.

 

Examples

1.  The man ran as fast as a deer.

2.  That boy is as light as a feather.

3.  His pair of trousers is as white as snow.

4.  Namuddu is as playful as a kitten.

5.  I am as hungry as a wolf.

 

Exercise (a)

Complete the following similes correctly.

1)  as hot as ________________________

2)  as sweet as ________________________

3)  as fat as ________________________

4)  as brave as ________________________

5)  as happy as ________________________

6)  as white as ________________________

7)  as cold as ________________________

8)  as heavy as ________________________

9)  as blind as ________________________

Complete the following sentences correctly.

1.  The snake was as green as ________________________.

2.  The tea is as ________________________ as fire.

3.  The medicine is as ________________________ as honey.

4.  My father’s suit is as ________________________ as coal.

5.  The maid is as ________________________ as a fox.

6.  The children speak as loud as ________________________.

7.  Duncan is as strong as ________________________.

8.  That table is as ________________________ as lead.

9.  The food I ate was as ________________________ as ice.

10.  My grandmother is as fit as ________________________.

11.  The teacher is as ________________________ as a dog.

12.  Talemwa is as timid as ________________________.

13.  My uncle is as ________________________ as a king.

14.  The policeman is as ________________________ as a lion.

  • PROGRESS IN ENGLISH PAGES 42-45.
  • STANDARD ENGLISH AID BK 6 PAGES 28 -30.
  • MK PRECISE ENGLISH GRAMMAR PAGES 51-58.
  • HIGH SCHOOL ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND COMPOSITION PAGE 101-108.

 

WK 8

LESSON 2

Homophones (similar sounds)

Homophones are words that have similar sounds but with different meaning.

The following are examples of words with similar sounds.

sun  –  son  knows  –  nose

our  –  hour  made  –  maid

new  –  knew  waist  –  waste

bear  –  bare  would  –  wood

week  –  weak  break  –  brake

sea  –  see  bean  –  bean

deer  –  dear  meat  –  meet

flour  –  flower  two  –  to

won  –  one  sail  –  sale

peace  –  piece  hear  –  here

wait  –  weight  hour  –  our

scent  –  saint  sew  –  sow

air  –  heir  sight  –  site

ate  –  eight  cell  –  sell

 

Activity 1

Fill in the blanks with the correct word given in the brackets

1.  My brother ___________ that he broke the __________ vase. (knew, new)

2.  The _______________ girls were _____________ late to catch the bus. (two, too)

3.  She was very __________ and she had to stay in bed for a _____________. (week, weak)

4.  We ___________ in our books from left to ______________. (write, right)

5.  The hungry boy ________________ all the _____________sandwiches. (ate, eight)

6.  My _____________ is playing in the ________________ (sun, son)

7.   The ______________ is the one who ________________ the pudding. (maid, made)

8.  He went to ___________ some food ____________ the roadside. (by, buy)

9.  The girl in the ______________ dress ___________ the candles out. (blew, blue)

10.  I could not ___________ the teacher from ___________. (here, hear)

11.  __________________ you like to buy ______________? (wood, would)

12.  I was ____________ because I could not ____________ the book I borrowed. (fined, find)

13.  She looked __________________ but she could carry the heavy ____________of water. (pail, pale)

14.  The fishermen went to the __________________to _____________ their boats. (see, sea)

15.  “Please ______________ while I take your _____________, ” said the girl to the child. (weight, wait)

 

Activity 2

Write a word that sound the same as the ones given.

1.  brake  –  _______________ 6.  tale –  _________________

2.  two  –  _______________ 7.  won –  _________________

3.  mail  –  _______________ 8.  nun –  _________________

4.  sale  –  _______________ 9.  cell – __________________

5.  dye  –  _______________ 10.  cheque – ________________

  • MK PRECISE ENGLISH GRAMMAR PAGE 230-233.

WK 8

LESSON 3

Proverbs

Proverbs are wise sayings with hidden meaning.

Examples

1.  Better late than never.

2.  A friend in need is a friend indeed.

3.  A hungry man is an angry man.

4.  A bird in hand is worth two in the bush.

5.  A stitch in time saves nine.

6.  A rolling stone gathers no moss.

7.  Empty vessels make most noise.

8.  Birds of the same feather flock together.

9.  An apple a day keeps the doctor away.

10.  Charity begins at home.

11.  Every dog has his day.

12.  Experience teaches fools.

13.  First come, first served.

14.  Great minds think alike.

15.  Fine feathers make fine birds.

16.  Set a thief to catch a thief.

 

Complete the following proverbs correctly.

1.  One good turn__________________

2.  The early bird __________________

3.  _________________ are better than one.

4.  Where there is a will, ___________________

5.  Still water _______________

6.  ________________ and spoil the child.

7.  New brooms _________________________

8.  ____________________but a bad master.

9.  Set a thief ______________________.

10.  Empty vessels _____________________.

11.  ____________________than no bread.

12.  ___________________ is an angry man.

13.  A bad workman quarrels ________________________

14.  A friend in need is _____________________________

15.  No smoke ___________________________________

16.  One man’s meat ______________________________

  • STANDARD ENGLISH AID PAGE 59-60.
  • PROGRESS IN ENGLISH 69-70.
  • MK PRECISE ENGLISH GRAMMAR PAGE 181-188.

WK 9

LESSON 1

Irregular verbs

To form the past tense of most verbs, we add –ed to the verb.

 

Examples

look  –  looked

cook  –  cooked

kill  –  killed

fill  –  filled

 

Such verbs that end in –ed are called regular verbs.

 

The past tense of regular verbs serve both in the past and the past participle tense.

 

Past tense Past participle

I looked. I have looked.

She cooked. She has cooked.

You killed. You have ___________________

They filled. They have __________________

 

However, many irregular verbs form their past and past participle differently. They are called irregular verbs.

 

The following list shows the examples of irregular verbs.

Present tense 

Past tense 

Past participle 

drive

drove

driven

rise

rose

risen

beat

beat

beaten

ring

rang

rung

sing

sang

sung

swim

swam

swum

hide

hid

hidden

ride

rode

ridden

bite

bit

bitten

grow

grew

grown

blow

blew

blown

fly

flew

flown

know

knew

known

fall

fell

fallen

forget

forgot

forgotten

give

gave

given

come

came

come

break

broke

broken

go

went

gone

write

wrote

written

shake

shook

shaken

become

became

become

eat

ate

eaten

choose

chose

chosen

awake

awoke

awoken

Run  

Ran

Run

 

Other irregular verbs do not change their past tense and past participle.

1. 

hurt

hurt

hurt

2. 

hit

hit

hit

3. 

cost

cost

cost

4. 

put

put

put

5. 

cut

cut

cut

 

 

 

 

 

Exercise

Complete the following table correctly

 

Present tense 

Past tense 

Past participle

1.

I rise

I rose

I have risen.

2.

I do

I did

I have ______________

3.

I forget

I _______________

I have _______________

4.

I fall

I ____________________

I have _______________

5.

I draw

_____________________

____________________

6.

I break

I broke

____________________

7.

They drive

They drove

____________________

8.

We speak

We ________________

We have_____________

9.

She hide

She hid _________________

She has______________

10.

John swims

John ________________

John has ___________

 

WK 9

LESSON 2

Use the correct form of verbs in brackets to complete the sentences.

1.  They have ____________ to the beach. (go)

2.  I ________________ my uncle at the market yesterday. (see)

3.  The old man ________________ asleep in his car. (fall)

4.  Tondo was _________________ by the noise. (awake)

5.  The boy ______________ about second chance. (dream)

6.  Lilian has ________________ nice pictures. (draw)

7.  Muwonge ____________ his father’s money from the pocket. (steal)

8.  The police has ________________ a strong thief. (beat)

9.  I ___________ to the village last holiday. (go)

10.  Who has _____________on the chalkboard? (write)

11.  The teacher has ______________ my book. (take)

12.  Nobody is ____________ to go out. (allow)

13.  The farmer _____________his crops yesterday.{harvest}

14.  He has _____________ to the airport. (drive)

15.  Jacob has ______________ the word correctly. (spell)

16.  Susan ________her bicycle yesterday. (ride)

17.  The teacher has ________________ to all the pupils. (speak)

18.  My father _________________ all the money at the market. (spend)

19.  Taira ________________ at the pictures. (look)

20.  The fly has _______________ into my food. (drop)

  • MK PRECISEENGLISH GRAMMAR PAGES 62-70.
  • PROGRESS IN ENGLISH PAGE 22-23.

 

WK 9

LESSON 3

Forming opposites using prefixes

A prefix is a word that comes at the beginning of another word to change its meaning.

un, dis,
im, il,
in and others are examples of prefixes.

 

  1. Forming opposites using prefix ‘un’.

    luck  –  unlucky

    safe  –  unsafe

    tidy  –  untidy

    educated  –  ___________________

    able  –  _________________________

    locked -_________________________

    cook  –  __________________________

    tie  –  __________________________

    aware  –  __________________________

    comfortable  –  ____________________

    known  –  __________________________

    just  –  __________________________

    happy  –  __________________________

    kind  –  __________________________

    wrap  –  __________________________

     

    b)  Put prefix dis to form opposites of the following.

    like

    dislike

    agree

    disagree

    honest

    dishonest 

    connect

     

    appear

    ______________________

    advantage

    ______________________ 

    arm

    ______________________ 

    please

    ______________________ 

    obey

    ______________________ 

    order

    ______________________ 

    locate

    ______________________ 

    own 

    ______________________ 

     

    c)  Put prefix ‘im’ to form the opposite of these words

    moral

    immoral

    mortal

    immortal

    proper 

    improper 

    pure

    ________________ 

    possible

    ________________ 

    perfect 

    ________________ 

     

    REFERENCES.

  • Junior English.
  • Standard Aid.
  • M.K Pupils Book 3.
  • Junior English Learners’ Dictionary.



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