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  1. Explain how the bill of rights in Kenya Constitution protects the rights of the individuals.
    1. The bill of rights guarantees a person the right to live. This means that taking away life,

    either by murder or suicide is punishable under the law. ii) The bill of rights provides for the right to own property thus any person who interferes with another person’s property is liable to prosecution in court of law.

    iii)  It provide for freedom of conscience for the prosecution in court of law. iv)  it provides for freedom of association/assembly. This entitles the individual the right to assemble and associate with people of his won choice without harassment.

    1. It provides freedom of expression. This allows person to express his opinion

    freely in writing or speech without fear.

    1. It provides for freedom of movement of the individual. This guarantees a

    person the right to move freely in any part of the country at any time without fen

    1. It provides for protection against slavery and forced labour. This allows the individual to choose when, where and whom to work.
    2. The bill of right protects the individual against arbitrary search, arrest and detention.


  1. a)  Identify three occasions when the Kenyan National Anthem is sung.
    1. When raising the National flag.
    2. During National heads of state meeting,
    3. When commemorating public holidays.
    4. During international sports events where Kenya is participating.
    5. When radio and TV open and close.


 b)  Explain six factors that promote the National Unity in Kenya.

 i)  Office of the President. ii)

   National Language

  1. National Anthem
  2. Equal distribution of resources.
  3. Loyalty pledge


  1. Which provision in the Kenyan Constitution protects the wealth of individuals in the country?

    The right to own property/of right.


  1. a)  State three functions of the Police force in Kenya.
    1. To maintain law and order.
    2. To investigate suspected criminal activities.
    3. To provide internal security iv)  To control and direct traffic in the country.
    4. To arrest and prosecute suspected criminals.
    5. To mount a guard of honour for domestic and international dignities.


b)  Describe six duties performed by Provincial Commissioner in Kenya.

  1. The PCS act as representatives of the president in their areas of jurisdiction.
  2. The PCS overseas the implementations of government policies and programs in their provinces.
  3. The PCS interprets government policies in their areas of jurisdiction. iv)

   The PCs ensures that law and order is maintained in the provinces.

v)  They issue permits for public meetings in their respective provinces. vi)  The PCs serves as chairperson in the provincial security to the areas. vii)  They co – ordinate development programs to serve as chairperson of the provincial development. viii)  They are in overall control of all government departments in their respective provinces.


  1. a) Describe the main provision of the Independence Constitution in


  1. The Independence Constitution provided a regional/Majimbo government.

Each regional has a regional assembly and president. ii) A bicameral parliament consisting of the Senate and House of

Representatives/upper house or lower house.

iii) The Prime Minister to be the head of government, the party with the majority forming the government. iv) Recommended a multiparty system of government, the party with the majority forming the government.

v) The bill of rights, which protected the individual interest.

b) Explain circumstances which may force the government to limit the rights and freedom of the individual.

  1. One can be denied the right to life if one is convicted of murder in a court of law or caught in the act of robbery with violence.
  2. If suspected to be planning to commit a crime, one can be denied their personal liberty/freedom of movement.
  3. One can be denied freedom to own property if the government wishes to develop public utilities in the areas, but compensation must be paid.
  4. One’s freedom of assembly can be limited if it poses a threat to the state.
  5. Ones freedom of speech may be limited if one publishes false accusations about another person or state/incite people against the government.
  6. If one is not of sound mind one can be taken mental hospital by the police for confinement and treatment.
  7. If one has an infectious disease one can be denied one’s personal liberty. viii)  If one has not attained the age of maturity/one is considered a minor and their decision are made on their behalf by adult members of society.


  1. State one fundamental right of the individual which a person in prison is deprived of.
    1. Freedom of movement ii) Freedom of expression.


  1. State the main functions of Kenya army.

    Protect the country against external attacks.


  1. Give two reasons why the Chief’s Baraza is important in Kenya.
    1. It is used to communicate the government’s policies/decisions to the local people.
    2. It acts as forum for people to express their wishes to the government.
    3. It is used to address, resolve minor concerns of the people in the locality/settling local despite.
    4. Mobilization of local resources.


  1. Explain five functions of a Provincial Commissioner in Kenya.
    1. He represents the president during national celebration e.g. Labour Day,

    Moi Day etc. He reads the presidents speech in these occasions.

    1. He is the president’s representative in the province. iii)  He explains and educates the government employees and the people on the government policies.
    2. He is responsible for the maintenance of law and order where he chairs the provincial development committee and ensures that there is law and order during public meetings.
    3. He co-ordinates all the administrative functions in the provincial development committee meetings. vi)  He supervises and co-ordinates all the administrative functions in the province being the Chief Administrator.
    4. He chairs provincial committee meeting on procurement, land control boards, education and non – governmental organizations.
    5. Installs chiefs in the areas of jurisdiction.


  1. State one way in which the Kenya constitution promotes national unity.
    1. Guarantees equal opportunity to all Kenyans.
    2. Helping to apprehend individuals who break the law.

 ii) Centralized national examinations.

iv) Existence of national schools.


  1. State two ways in which the chief promotes law and order in the location.
    1. Settling disputes between the people in the location.
    2. Helping to apprehend individuals against any form of discrimination/bill of right.
    3. Provide for unity government.


  1. Give one way through which the education system in Kenya promotes national unity.
    1. Use of one curriculum in all the public schools.
    2. Use of one medium of instructions. iii) Centralized national examinations. iv)

    Centralized training and deployment of teachers.

    v) Existence of national schools.


  1. Identify two national philosophies used development strategies in Kenya.
    1. Harambee ii) Nyayoism (peace, love and unity)


  1. a) Describe the process of preparing a bill before it is taken to parliament for


    1. Preparation of bill starts with making suggestions/proposal about the need for the


    1. The proposal is taken to the Attorney General’s chamber for drafting. iii) The

    Attorney General prepares a draft proposal of the intended law. iv) The Attorney General notifies the members of the parliament and the public about the intended bill to enable them carry out research.


b)  Explain six ways in which the Bill of Right protects the right of the individual.

  1. States that every individual has the right to life.
  2. It guarantees liberty to all citizens by forbidding enslavement, detention or imprisonment without trail.
  3. It protects the individual from all forms of torture and inhuman treatment.
  4. It guarantees protection of private and allows Kenyans to own property anywhere in the country.
  5. It protects individual freedom of conscience and religion/workshop, vi) It guarantees the protection of freedom of speech and expression.
  6. It gives Kenyan the right to move freely throughout the country. Kenyan are protected against expulsion from the country.

viii) It guarantees individual against any form of discrimination on the basis of colour, creed, gender and religion. ix) It protects individuals against arbitrary search, arrest and entry into one’s property without one’s consent.






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