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Energy resources in Uganda Notes

Energy resources are resources which can be used to provide heat, light and motion power. Uganda has got a variety of energy resources and these include;

  • Electricity (HEP) from Owen falls dam in Jinja, Bujagali, Mubuku, etc.
  • Petroleum products i.e. petrol, kerosene and oil, imported and at Albertan graben
  • Solar mostly used in rural areas of Lyantonde, Mpigi, etc.
  • Thermal power at Lugogo
  • Biomass or wood fuel i.e. firewood and charcoal
  • Biogas

It should be noted that according to 2004 population and housing, estimates 88% where using biomass, 1% electricity, 11% others as energy

Location of energy resources in Uganda

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Status of energy sector

  • Biomass widely used i.e. 39% followed by 5% petroleum and 5% of HEP.
  • Solar and biomass widely promoted to save forests.
  • Frequent load shedding of HEP
  • Petroleum is imported and expensive however oil mining in Albertine graben is to commence soon.
  • New HEP plants have been constructed like Bujagali, Nyagak to increase power.
  • Plans are under way to produce geo-thermal energy in the western rift valley region.
  • Thermal energy at Lugogo.

It should be noted that power generated at Owen falls dam in Jinja is transmitted using power lines to different areas in Uganda i.e. To Kasese-Fort portal, Bushenyi-Rukungiri-Kabale, Mbarara-Masaka-Mpigi and Kampala. Also Luwero-Hoima-Masindi-Apac-Gulu, Lira-Soroti-MbaleTororo-Iganga and Kamuli and other parts of thse country.

Factors that have favoured the development of the energy sector in Uganda

Problems facing the energy sector in Uganda

  • Limited skilled llabour to tap the existing power and energy potential.
  • Limited research in the energy sector
  • Competition from other land use for labour, capital, etc.
  • Depletion of forest resources like Namanve forest.
  • Limited capital to purchase machines.
  • Poorly developed transport network.
  • Corruption and embezzlement of funds meant for the development of power and energy sector
  • Scattered settlement pattern affected distribution of power
  • High level bureaucracy in the development of power projects
  • Fluctuations in power supply due too natural disasitors like cloudy skies in case of solar power
  • Physical barriers like steep slopes in mountainous areas which limit transmission of HEP
  • Profit repartriation
  • High wastage and loss of power caused by illegal connections
  • Less demand for energy and power due to poverty
  • Remoteness of some areas with power potential
  • Political instability
  • High rates/cost of HEP discouraging consumers
  • Decreasing levels of water in L. Victoria and rivers.

Benefits of the energy sector

Nb. Make research on the above

Measures to the above problems

  • The government of Uganda is aiming at improving the quality and quantity of energy supplies at least cost to the national economy. It has set up a hydro-power development master plan (HDMP) to achieve its aim.
  • There is rehabilitation and development of mini power stations such as Bujagali on R. Nile, Maziba on R. Maziba in Kabale, Mubuku on R.Mubuku, etc.
  • Today there is rural electrification program which has helped several rural areas to posses electricity like in Kabatema-Nsika in Lyanntonde.


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EcoleBooks | Energy resources in Uganda


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