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FIRST TERM E-LEARNING NOTE

 

SUBJECT: ENGLISH LANGUAGE CLASS: J S 2

 

SCHEME OF WORK

 

WEEK TOPIC  S

  1. Speechwork: Revision of Vowel Sounds

    Grammar: Revision of Parts of Speech

    Reading: Writing to Understand the Writer’s Purpose Unit 1, The Hippopotamus Part 1

    Writing: Writing an Outline for a Narrative

    Essay – How I spent My Last Holiday

     Literature in English: Figures of Speech: Alliteration, Personification, Irony, Paradox, Hyperbole

    1. Speechwork: Revision of Consonant Sounds with Emphasis on Consonant Cluster.

      Grammar: Transitive and Intransitive Verbs

      Reading: The Hippopotamus part 2 (continuation)

      Writing: Descriptive Essay: Writing an Outline on a Place of Interest I visited.

      ecolebooks.com
  2. Speechwork: Vowel Contrast – /iә/ and /eә/.

    Grammar: More on Active Voice and Passive Voice.

    Reading: Identification of Words that Pointto the Writer’s Intention: The Process of Growing Rice

    Vocabulary Development: Word Families – In the Hospital page 93

    Writing: Elements of Composition

  3. Speechwork: Vowel Contrast /әu/ and /au/

    Grammar: More on Tenses (Present, Past, Future)

    Reading: Critical Reading: Planting page 39-40

    Vocabulary Development: The Armed Forces

    Writing: Descriptive Essay – A Local Festival

  4. Speechwork: Review of Consonant Sounds /tag/,/d/,/k/,/g/,/p/,/ b/.

    Grammar: Present Tense Aspects

    Reading: To Identify the Meanings of Words in Various Contexts: Broadcasting Page 53-54

    Vocabulary Development: Religion

    Writing: Review of the Format of Formal and Informal Letters

  5. Speechwork: Contrasting /p/ and /tag/

    Grammar: Past Tense Aspects

    Reading: The Lorry Trip page 79-80

    Vocabulary Development; Register of Sports.

    Writing: Narrative Essay: A Frightening Experience

  6. Speechwork: Consonant Contrast /f/ and /v/

    Grammar: Conjunctions

    Reading: Okonkwo page 92-93

    Vocabulary Development: Journalism

    Writing: Informal Letter: A Letter to Your Father on Why You Like Your New School.

    Literature: More on Figures of Speech: Onomatopoeia, Personification, Antithesis, Euphemism, Apostrophe, Oxymoron.

  7. Speechwork: Consonant Contrast: /l/ and /r/

    Grammar: Making Requests and Commands page 94

    Writing: Descriptive Essay: My Favourite Teacher

  8. Speechwork: Consonant /h/

    Direct and Indirect Speech

    Writing: Formal Letter: A Letter of Invitation

  9. Revision.

 

REFERENCES

  1. Oral English for Schools and Colleges (Revised Edition) by San Onugbo, M.A. Ife
  2. Basic English Book 4 HarbensKaur
  3. Silver Burdett English Centennial Edition by Betty G. Gray et al
  4. Contemporary English Grammar by JayanthuDakshina Murthy, ed by Indu mala Ghosh et al.
  5. Exam Focus English for JSCE by Bolajiaremo et al.
  6. Evans Effective English JSS 2 Revised Edition by Michael Montgomery et al.
  7. New Oxford Secondary English Corse book for JS 2 by Ayo Banjo et al.
  8. New Student’s Companioned by Chris Talbot.

 

 

WEEK ONE

Topics:

  1. Speechwork; Revision of Vowel Sounds
  2. Grammar: Revision of Parts of Speech: Nouns, Pronouns,Verbs, Adjectives
  3. Comprehension: The Hippopotamus Part 1
  4. Writing: Writing an Outline for a Narrative
  5. Literature In English: Figures of Speech

     

A. Speechwork: Revision of Vowel Sounds

Content: Vowel Sounds.

There are forty-four sound segments in English comprising twenty vowels and twenty- four consonants.

 

The production of vowel sounds take place as the air stream flows from the lungs to the mouth without any obstruction.

 

The vowel in English is classified into two main groups: pure vowels also called monophthongs and diphthongs. The monophthongs are further sub – divided into short vowels and long vowels.

A list of monophthongs /pure vowels

  1. /i:/ as in seat, key, chief, people, mete, quay
  2. /I/ as in sit, pretty, women, village, enough, waited
  3. /e/ as in pen, head, any, bury, ferry, bread, rest
  4. /әe/ as in cap, had, hand, plan, tank, sad, mat
  5. /a:/ as in hard, father, heart, path, dark, far, arm
  6. /D/ or/Ɔ/ as in cot, cock, wash, clock, hot, lot, shop
  7. /Ɔ:/ as in court, fork, cork, tall, law, bought, fore
  8. /Ʊ/ as in good, foot, cook, book, should, woman
  9. /u:/ as in moon, rude, loose, lose, soup, flute, juice
  10. /˄/ as in sun, mother, come, cup, fun, money, but
  11. /3:/ as in firm, bird, first, shirt, skirt, term, serve
  12. /ә/ as in allow, above, around, doctor, sister, alive, forget, religious

 

A list of diphthongs

  1. /ei/ as in play, rake, pale, state, cake, day, wake
  2. /ai/ as in pie, my, height, plight, mite, bright
  3. /ͻi/ as in oil, boy, buoy, toil, foil, noise, joy
  4. /әu/ as in go, hoe, home, no, know, coat, goat, rose
  5. /au/ as in house, now, cloud, rowdy, brow, howl
  6. /iә/ as in fear, cheer, beer, idea, serious, here, near
  7. /eә/ as in pair, air, hair, bare, there, fare, bare, chair
  8. /uә/ as in tour, moon, poor, pure, sure, lure

 

Evaluation

Write five different words that have each of the sounds treated above.

 

Reading Assignment: Exam Focus English JSSCEpg 143 – 145

 

B. Grammar: Revision of Some Parts of Speech

Content: Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Adjectives.

As the body of a person has different works or functions, so a sentence is made up of different words performing different functions. Each word is named according to the function it performs in a sentence.

 

A noun is a naming word which names people, things, animal, places and ideas e.g. Ade, boy, man, girl, Bisi, woman, child, chief, king, princess, ant, goat, London, school, church, beauty, anger, empathy etc.

Agirl was looking for her book.

The book is on the table.

A pronoun replaces a noun in a sentence to avoid repetition e.g she, he, they, we, them, us, her, it, you, herself, whom, that, why etc. She is a good student. I love my dog.

 

An adjective qualifies a noun, i.e. it tells us more about a noun. E.g beautiful, ugly, emotional, tall, old, fantastic etc.

Examples:

A beautiful woman.

She is beautiful.

An unkempt hair

Verbs are words that tell the action of the nouns which are usually the subject or objects of the sentence. e.g beat, sleep, sing, talk, jump, dance, has, have, does, may etc. I talk a lot. She dances well.

 

Evaluation: Name the different parts of speech and give three examples each.

 

Reading Assignment: Exam Focus English JSCE p. 41-69

 

C. Topic: Comprehension

Content: Why the Hippo Lives in Water Part 1

This passage discusses the reason why Isantim (hippopotamus) lives in water.

 

EVALUATION

Answer the questions which accompany the passage page 21. Effective English J SS 2p 22- 23

 

D. Topic: Writing

Content: Narrative Essay

A narrative essay is an essay that tells or recounts a story, event or an incident. The past tense is used in this type of essay.

Features:

  1. Title
  2. Body ( introductory paragraph, paragraphs by points, concluding paragraph)

     

Writing an Outline for How I Spent My Last Holiday:

  • When the holiday started
  • Your feelings towards the holiday i.e happy, unhappy
  • Places of interest you visited
  • Remarkable things you did or achieved during the holiday
  • Conclusion

     

    Evaluation: In not less than 250 words, write a meaningful account of how you spent your last holiday.

     

    Reading Assignment: Exam Focus English JSCE p.15-16

     

    E. Literature: Figures of Speech

    Content: Personification, Hyperbole, Paradox, Irony, Alliteration.

    Figures of speech refer to expressions used in a special way for a concise and forceful effect.

    • Personification; inanimate objects are treated as human beings. E.gMy car is coughing. The trees are waving. The sun is smiling.
    • Hyperbole: is an overstatement or exaggeration for emphasis or a satirical effect. E.g I will fly to the moon to prove my love for you.

      I can eat a mountain bowl of Eba.

      I saw a sea of blood at the accident scene.

    • Paradox: contains two opposite ideas which make it seem impossible but possible after deep consideration e.g. The child is the father of the man.

      More haste, less speed.

      Nigeria‘s unity lies in her diversity.

    • Irony: stating the direct opposite of one’s intention or getting the exact opposite of one’s expectation. E .g: You must be very clever for scoring 20% in your examination.

      Chief Bigo is so wealthy that he can even take from a beggar.

    • Alliteration: is the repetition of the same consonant sounds in sequence.

     

    Example:

    bothboy and ball

    “Orunmila”makemy medicine potent.

     

    Evaluation: Write out two examples of each figure of speech explained.

     

    Reading assignment: Exam Focus English JSSE Page 157 – 158.

     

    GENERAL EVALUATION/REVISION QUESTIONS

    Fill in the blanks with suitable verbs.

  1. The worst of the problems ______ been dealt with.
  2. The boy likes sisters to _______ active in sport
  3. Most of the waiter in our town _______ from the nearly dam.
  4. Neither she nor her brother _______ gone to school
  5. A number of boys from that school _____ going to camp.

     

    WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

    Fill in the blank space with the most appropriate option from the list given in the bracket.

    1. The man sells many books and ____in his book shop. ( many stationary, a stationary, much stationary)
    2. The storm did _____damage to the house. (a, an, much)
    3. The principal has bought ______ for the science laboratory. ( equipment, much equipment)
    4. He eats ______ every day. ( egg, eggs, egg)
    5. Dr. Bowen is _____ European but Mr. Woois ______ American. (an/an, a/a, a/an)
    6. He worked for ______ hour. ( a , an, many)

     

    READING ASSIGNMENT

    Effective English J S 2 Practice 2 page 26

     

     

    WEEK TWO

    Topics:

  6. Speechwork: Review of Consonant Sounds.
  7. Grammar: Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
  8. Comprehension: Why The Hippo Lives in Water 2
  9. Writing: Descriptive Essay

     

  10. Topic: Review of Consonant Sounds

    Content: Consonant Sounds Examples

    Symbols Examples of words in which they occur

    /p/ pet, price, puppy, lip, copper

    /b/ bet, bride, rib, rubber, tube

    /tag/ tick, type, pit, matter, light

    /d/ dip, ditch, hoard, deep, field, dance

    /k/ kick, clean, cot, school, seek, cup, quay

    /g/ green, goggle, dog, good, goose, smuggle

    /tᶴ/ chief, chase, church, preach, teach, cheese, search

    /dӠ/ dodge, urge, gesture, fridge, germ, joy, page

    /f/ farm, elephant, phrase, laugh, suffer, graph

    /v/ bevy, of, receive, vouch, five, review, weave

    /ө/ thin, author, length, breath, thick, thirst

    /ә/ breathe, brother, those, that, bathe

    /s/ sip, cease, kiss, piece, purse, ice, icing

    /z/ zip, zebra, refuse, reason, poise, disease

    /ᶴ/ short, crush, English, notion, nation, brush, lash

    /Ӡ/ treasure, pleasure, vision, casual, visual, beige

    /m/ made, summer, norm, plumber, come, fathom

    /n/ nine, naught, born, knit, bin, gnaw, knew

    / / king, going, slang, singer, among, evening, tongue

    /L/ love, tall, kill, fellow, clay, look, live, slum

    /r/ rough, merry, writer, wrong, cry, rate,risk

    /j/ yam, Europe, ewe, yes, you, yeast, new universe

    /w/ warm, linguist, queen, qualm, guava, banquet, win, wipe

     

    Evaluation: Write out five examples different from the ones given for each of the sounds above.

     

    Reading Assignment: Exam Focus English JSCE, page 143 – 145

     

  11. Topic: Transitive and Intransitive Verbs

    Content: Meaning and Usage

    Verbs as action and stative words can be used transitively or intransitively.

    A transitive verb expresses an action which passes across to one or more persons or things. ( Note that the word transitive’ originally came from the Latin word ‘transire’ which means “to pass across”). Transitive verbs take direct objects.

    Examples:

    Kanu kicked  the ball

    Subject T.V object

     

    Olu and saka have many books.

    Subject T. V object

     

    All the boys have hoes.

    Subject T.V object

     

    An intransitive verb is used without any objects. Examples

    Janes  was singing.

    S  IV

    The fishsmelled.

    S  IV

    The babiescried.

    S   IV

    A dogbarks.

    S IV

    A cockcrows.

    S  IV

    Ieateveryday.

    S IV   ADV

     

    The intransitive verbs which are called linking verbs include: set, lags, appear, feel, grow, look, prove, remain, seem, taste, smell, turn etc.

    Intransitive verbs may be turned into transitive verb, if a preposition is used.

    Example: She laughed at him.

    I looked at the painting.

    We talked about the film.

    They wished for happiness.

    I have asked for permission.

     

    Evaluation: Write five sentences using transitive and intransitive verbs each.

     

    Reading Assignment: English Grammar by P.O Olatunbosun Page 65 – 68

     

    C. Topic: Comprehension

    Content: Why the Hippo Lives in Water?

    This passage discusses the reason the hippopotamus lives in water.

    Evaluation: answer the questions which accompany the passage. Effective English JS2 22 – 23

     

    Reading Assignment: Effective English J SS 2 page 39

     

    D. Topic: Writing

    Content: Descriptive Essay

    A descriptive essay attempts to describe objects, people, events, ideas, or situation as they are. Examples include My School, My Pet, A Computer etc.

     

    The descriptive essay should contain such details that throw light on the subject or object of description and it should give a mental picture of what is being described.

     

    Features:

    Introduction

    Body written in paragraphs

     

    Conclusion

    An Outline on the Topic”A place of Interest I Visited”.

    Here are some guidelines to help you write this essay:

  • Title
  • Introduction: describe places of interest you have visited and the most spectacular among them.
  • Body: describe the location, the scenery, events which take place there; describe the things you saw there and people who visited the place; talk about the reason why you like the place
  • Conclusion.

 

GENERAL EVALUATION/REVISIONAL QUESTIONS

Complete each sentence with: him, her or it.

  1. Fatima wanted the photograph, so I gave _to_.
  2. My radio is broken. I can’t mend ___.
  3. Bayo is my friend. I know __ well.
  4. Chike asked for my ruler, so I lent _to_.
  5. My sister is over there. I went to speak to _

     

    WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

    Exam Focus JSCE, page 82 -83

     

     

    WEEK THREE

    Topics

  6. Speechwork: Vowel Contrast /iә/ and /eә/
  7. Grammar: More on Active and Passive Voice
  8. Comprehension: The Process of Growing Rice.
  9. Vocabulary Development: Health
  10. Writing: Elements of composition

     

  11. Topic: Vowel Contrast

    Content:  /iә/   /eә/

    sheer  share/seer

    cheer  chair

    fear  fare

    beer  bear/bare

    tier  tear

    deer/dear dare

    peer  pear/pair/pare

    here there

     

    Evaluation: Write out ten pairs for the sounds.

     

    Reading Assignment: Oral English for Schools and Colleges by Sam Onuigbo, pages 20-29

     

  12. Topic: More on Active and Passive Voice

    Content: Definition and Examples

    A sentence is in the active voice when the subject of the doer of the action is at the beginning of the sentence.

    Examples:

  13. The dog bit me.
  14. She gave me some fruits
  15. Grandmother told us an interesting story.
  16. I am kicking a ball.

     

    A sentence is in the passive voice when the object or receiver of the action is at the beginning of a sentence. Sometimes the subjects may be left out if it is not important or not known.

    Examples:

    I was bitten by the dog

    I have been robbed!

    We were told to sit down and keep quiet.

    A ball is being kicked by me.

     

    Evaluation: Write out five sentences in the active voice and change them to passive voice.

     

    Reading Assignment: English Grammar by P.O Olatunbosun page 65- 68

     

    C. Topic: Comprehension

    Content: The Process of Growing Rice page 38 – 39

    This passage discusses the process of growing rice. A nursery is made for the seedlings before they are planted. A nursery is aplace where seedlings are raised or grown before they are transplanted.

     

    Evaluation: Effective English JS2, p 3,Practice 2

     

    Reading Assignment: Effective English JS 2, page 39

     

    D. Topic: Vocabulary Development

    Content: Health p 94 – 95

    Health is the condition of a person’s body or mind. It is also the state of being physically and mentally healthy.

    Words to do with health are:

    Clinic: A small hospital where treatment is given.

    Dispensary: A room where medicines are given out.

    Surgeon: A doctor who performs operations.

    A specialist: A doctor who specializes in one branch of medicine.

    Patient: A person who receives care from a doctor.

    Pediatrician: A specialist for children’s disease

    Pharmacy: A section where medicines are bought.

     

    Evaluation: Write out twenty words to do with health.

    Reading Assignment: Exam focus English JSCE page 118 – 119; Effective English JS 2 page 102

     

    E. Topic: Writing

    Content: Elements of Composition

    Composition is also known as continuous writing which involves the use of a lot of sentences to express an idea, one’s opinion or explain a concept.

     

    A composition has a beginning, middle and an end. These parts have specific names- the introduction, the body and the conclusion.

     

    An introduction has two important jobs. First, it should capture the reader’s interest and tell what the entire composition is about. It is the first paragraph of the composition. The sentence that states the central idea of the composition is called the thesis statement. This helps the writer focus on the main point. It provides the central idea that all other ideas in the composition must relate to closely.

     

    The body contains paragraphs that tell more about the central idea. It may consist of any number of paragraphs that prove or illustrate the thesis statement. In the body, a writer uses supporting paragraphs to provide more information about the thesis statement. The length of the body may vary. The writer may need only two paragraphs to explain the central idea or four or five paragraphs to make the idea clear. The body is always the longest section.

     

    The conclusion ties all the ideas in the composition together. It restates the central idea and may summarise supporting ideas. It should signal completion.

    Format

    Introduction Introduction( with thesis statement)

    Supporting paragraph

    Body  Supporting paragraph

     Supporting paragraph

     

    Conclusion Conclusion  

     

    Evaluation: Write four supporting paragraphs for this thesis statement: Friendship is important for many reasons.

     

    Reading Assignment: Effective English JS2, page 79

     

    GENERAL EVALUATION/REVISIONAL QUESTIONS

  17. Write out the following sentences into the passive voice:
  18. Yinka scolded the boy for fighting in class.
  19. The fisherman caught a lot of fish yesterday.
  20. I am sure Akpan took my pen by mistake
  21. Our principal usually gives a short speech dating assembly.
  22. The hungry children ate the food.

     

  23. Exam focus English JSCE page 19 Revision Exercise 13.8

     

    Weekend Assignment

    Effective English JS 2 Page 103 Practice 2, and page 127 Practice 3.

     

     

    WEEK FOUR

    Topics:

  24. Speechwork: Vowel Contrast /әu/ and /au/
  25. Grammar: Tenses
  26. Comprehension: Planting
  27. Vocabulary Development: Armed Forces
  28. Writing: Descriptive Essay

     

    a.  Topic: Vowel Contrast

    Content:  /әu/  and  /au/

     cloak cloud

     boat bow

     crow crowd

     load loud

     

    Evaluation: Write out ten pairs for the sounds.

     

    Reading Assignment: Exam Focus English JSCE p143

     

  29. Topic: Tense

    Content: Present, Past, Future

    Tense occurs only in verbs. It refers to the change that takes place in the form of the verb to indicate time.

     

    THE PRESENT TENSE

    Present tense expresses an action taking place now. Except in the case of the verb ‘be’, the only change that takes place in the form of the verb to indicate the present tense occurs when the verb agrees with a third person singular subject.

    Examples: Sule always reads after meals.

      The bus arrives at 8a.m

     The sun sets in the West.

     Sugar is sweet.

    Speakers

    Singular

    Plural

    1st person

     

    I sleep, eat, wake,do, have

     

    We sleep, eat, wake, do, have

    2nd person

     

    You sleep, eat, wake, do,have

     

    You sleep, eat, wake, do, have

    3rd person

     

    She/He/It sleeps, eats, wakes, does, has

     

    They sleep, eat, wake, do, have

     

    In the case of the verb ‘be’, one more change takes place in the form of the verb to indicate the present tense.

     

    Singular

    Plural

    1st

    I am a student.

    We are students.

    2nd

    You are a student.

    You are students.

    3rd

    He/She is a student.

    They are students.

    The examples given above are in the simple forms. Other present tense forms include the present continuous, present perfect and present perfect continuous.

    Examples:

     

    Present Continuous: E.gI am working.

     

    Present Perfect: E.gI have worked.

     

    Present Perfect Continuous:E.g I have been working.

     

    THE PAST TENSE

    The past tense is used to talk about a past action.

    Regular verbs form their past tense by adding ‘-ed’ to the simple form of the verb, while irregular verbs form their past tense in different ways.

     

    Examples: Regular

    Present Tense

    Past Tense

    Book

    Booked

    Share

    Shared

    Celebrate

    Celebrated

    Mix

    Mixed

    Order

    Ordered

    Switch

    Switched

     

    Irregular

    Present Tense

    Past Tense

    Bleed

    Bled

    Break

    Broke

    Build

    Built

    Swim

    Swam

    Cast

    Cast

    Hit

    Hit

     

    There are four past tense forms in English. The past simple, past continuous:

    Past Simple:E.g I worked.

    Past Continuous:E.g I was working.

    Past Perfect: E.gI had worked.

    Past Perfect Continuous:E.g I had been working.

     

    THE FUTURE TENSE

    Future Tense is used to express a future action by using the modal auxiliary verbs ‘shall’ and ‘will’ e.g

    I shall travel soon.

    You will see the manager when he arrives.

    Or by using the form ‘be going’ and ‘to’ infinitive or by using the present progressive and an expression indicating the future:

    Examples: Emekais going to succeed.

    It is going to rain today.

    Adamuis leaving tomorrow.

     

    The future tense is also used to refer to a future action in a conditioned sentence; used to give command or provide explanations, used in the passive form. Examples:

    If you fail your exams, father will scold you.

    The meeting will start at eight sharp.

    You will dowhat I say.

    The fried rice will be cooked in a few minutes.

    The swimming pool will be closed next week for renovations.

     

    Evaluation: Write out the past tense and past participle forms of these verbs: split, swing, fight, drive choose, grind, make, mean, sew, shut, talk, put, see weep, taste.

     

    Reading Assignment: The Student’s Companion by Chris Talbot, pages 84 – 94

     

  30. Topic: Comprehension

    Content: Planting

    This passage discusses the process of planting rice after the field to be used has been prepared thoroughly.

     

    Evaluation: Effective English JS 2 p

    40 practice 3 and 4

     

  31. Topic: Vocabulary Development

    Content: Register on the Armed Forces

    The armed forces include: the army (for fighting on the land), the navy ( for fighting at sea) the air force ( for fighting in the air. The army, navy and air force are sometimes called the services. Let us look up the words on page 193. Effective English J S 2

     

    Evaluation: Effective English J S 2 Practice 2p 196

     

  32. Topic: Writing

    Content: Descriptive Essay ( A Local Festival )

    A descriptive essay is written to give the reader a mental picture of a person, place or object. That is to say, given a descriptive essay on a person. Place, object, the reader should be able to have a good picture of the person, place or object in his or her mind.

    To write good descriptive essays, one must be a good observer and also must be able to choose specific details that recreate for the reader specific images.

    The descriptive essay must cover different aspects of the subject or object of description e.g physical traits, hobbies, likes, dislikes, psychological traits character, social traits, location whendescribing an event or place, time etc.

    Features include the title, introduction, body and conclusion.

     

    An Outline for A Local Festival

  • Paragraph 1 – introduction – brief description of festival and the particular one to be described.
  • Paragraph 2 – state what the festival is about , time and location
  • Paragraph3 – describe the events such as people in attendance.
  • Paragraph 4 – describe the attires worn, food prepared and any spectacular thing observed.
  • Paragraph 5 – summarise and conclude.

 

Evaluation: Develop the outline into a comprehensive essay.

 

Reading Assignment: Effective English JS 2, page 74 – 75

 

GENERAL EVALUATION/REVISION

Fill in the blanks using the present tense forms of the verbs suggested in brackets:

Most Cigarette – smokers who __(switch) to cigars __ ( believe) that they __ ( not, inhale) and therefore __ (be) safe from the hazards of tobacco smoke. But a study by doctors at central hospital, London ___( show) that heavy cigarrete smokers (tend0__ to inhale deeply even when they ___(inhale), the hemoglobin in his blood ___(combine ) with some carbon monoxide in the smoke to form a substance which __ (prevent ) blood from performing its normal function; carrying oxygen.

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

Complete each of the following sentence with the best option from the alternatives lettered A to E

  1. All the following except ____can be found in a court of law.a. judges b. police officers c. magistrates d. moderators e. persecutors
  2. A country’s Armed Forces are made up of its ____ a. Army, Navy and Airforce b. Police, Army and Airforce c. Judge, Airforce and Police Forces d. Army, Magistrates and Air Force e. Navy, Army and Police Force
  3. The statement ‘The accused was acquitted and discharge means that the accused was ____ a.found guilty and set free b. found guilty but severely warned c. found innocent and set free d. found guilty and jailed e. found guilty but conditionally set free
  4. The accused has ____ against the judgment. a. written b. spoken c. decided d.register e. appealed
  5. Someone complained against in a court of law is the ___ a. lawyer’s client b. defendant c. defence d. plaintiff e. accused

 

SECTION B

Effective English page 41 Practice 2; page 52, Tests 2 and 3

 

 

WEEK FIVE

Topics:

  1. Speechwork: Review of Consonants /t, k, b, d, g/
  2. Grammar: Present Tense Aspects
  3. Reading: Broadcasting p. 53 – 54
  4. Vocabulary Development: Religion
  5. Writing: Review of Formal and Informal Letters

     

  6. Topic: Consonants

    Content: /p, t, k, b, d, g/

    /p/ /tag/ /k/ /b/ d/ /g/

    pin test cup brush dim goat

    pit teeth cut burn dig aghast

    keep burnt    cake book wicked    grave

    prompt step kettle rebuke board dug

    contemporary   picked  quay curb designed

    spoken acquaintance  rebuke

     

    Evaluation: Write out five examples for each sound.

     

    Reading Assignment: Exam Focus English JS 2, pages 142 – 144

     

  7. Topic: Reading Comprehension

    Content: Broadcasting

    The passage discusses the steps by which sound from the radio are heard and the ways in which TV pictures are sent to our TV sets.

     

    Evaluation: Answer the questions on the passage.

     

    Reading Assignment: Effective English JS 2 p. 54, practice 2 and 3.

     

  8. Topic: Grammar

    Content: Present Tense Aspect  

    Tense is a term used in grammar to indicate the time of an action or event. The present tense is used to show that an action takes place at present.

    Example: She speaks English well.

      We are fond of music.

    The present tense is divided into four classes namely simple present tense, present continuous tense, present perfect tense, present perfect continuous tense.

  9. Simple Present Tense is used to indicate regular occurrences i.e. actions that take place regularly, sometime, daily, weekly, often etc.

    He speaks English well.

    She writes very beautifully.

    It rains today.

    We like talking.

    You stop here.

    They believe God.

    I hope to see you again.

     

  10. Present Continuous Tense is used to show what is really happening now. It is made with the be form of the verb: be+ progressive verb.

    Example: am playing; are laughing

    Examples:

     I am writing a letter.

     She is reading a novel.

     He is watching T.V.

     You are sitting in the garden.

     They are learning music.

     We are laughing.

  11. Present Perfect Tense: expresses an action that occurred at an indefinite past time and that may still be going on. It is made with has or have + the past participle.

    Example: has read, have read

    I have read a novel.

    We have waited for her.

    You have waited for her.

    He has stoppedhis work.

    She has written a letter.

    They have built the house.

    It has rained heavily

    Has she eaten her breakfast yet?

    She has just left.

     

  12. Present Perfect Continuous Tense is used to show that an action has been taking place since a point of time in the past and in progress till now. It is made with has/have + been + present participle.

    She has been cooking since morning.

    It has been raining heavily.

    We have been waiting for her.

    You have been building the house.

     

    Evaluation: Write each sentence, completing it with the correct present tense of the verb in sentences.

  13. Rivers (be) often difficult to navigate.
  14. People (have) control over the level of the water.
  15. Water in a canal (do) not flow.
  16. Some canals (be) waterways that connect rivers.

     

    Topic: Vocabulary Development

    Content: Religion

    Religions generally seek to discover values and to attract men to them through worship and discipline.

     

    Religion is avery powerful force and many have died for it. Of the many religions of the world today, only a few have a larger followers.

     

    These include Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism and Animism. There are, however, people who do not believe in group religion or in any god. These people are atheists.

     

    Christianity is founded on the teaching of Jesus Christ and it has many denomination. The teachings of Jesus, the saviour are set forth in the holy Bible. Christians called the ‘Holy Bible’. Christian doctrines teach God’s love and crucifix is called the symbol of the Christian faith. Believing in communalworship, Christian gather in the church and pray. Christians are monotheists.

     

    The Muslimare believers in Islam and followers of the doctrines of Prophet Mohammed as set down in the ‘Holy Koran’. They believe in one God called ‘Allah’ and they worship in mosques on Fridays.

     

    According to the tenets of Islam, a good Muslim should go on a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in his lifetime. He should also pray five times a day and may marry more than one wife.

     

    Religion is such a driving force and people who show excessive zest in religious issues are referred to as fanatics.

     

    Evaluation: Write twenty words to do with religion and their meanings.

     

    Reading Assignment: Exam Focus English JSCE page 113

     

    E. Topic: Writing

    Content: Format of Informal and Formal letters

    A letter is apiece of continuous writing by which you send a message to serve other person when you cannot speak to the person directly.

    There are three kinds of letters, these are informal, formal add semi- formal letters. In this lesson, informal and formal letters will be the focus.

    Informal letters, are also known as private letters, are the letters one writes to one’s close friends, classmates or relations who are younger or about one’s age.

     

    Features:

  17. The writer’s address and the date at the top right hand corner of the page.
  18. The salutation (opening greeting), close to the lefthand margin.
  19. Body: which consists of:

    a. The opening paragraph (concerned with greetings and pleasantries)

    b. The second and third paragraphs treat the main topic of the letter.

    c. Concluding paragraph (concerned with more greetings and with a message to those recipients of the letter.

    4.  Complimentary closing

     

    Other important features include:

    1. The use of shortened forms in the main body of the letter ( it’s, you’d etc.)
    2. The use of informal words and expressions (e.g mummy, daddy, grannie, damn terrible).
    3. The use of proverbs and jokes
    4. The use of simple and chatty language.

     

    Government Technical College,

    P.O Box 16,

    Malunfashu,

    Katsina State,

    Nigeria.

    18th July, 2003.

    Dear Ite,

    Body of the letter

    Yours sincerely,

    Umar.

    A formal letter is an official/ abusiness letter. It is therefore the kind of letter you would write to your school principal or class teacher requesting to do something, to a police officer reporting a robbery incident, to a commissioner in your state pleading for help with a communicate project etc.

     

    Features

    1. The writer’s address and the date at the top right-hand corner of the page.
    2. The recipient’s address at the left hand corner of the page.
    3. The opening salutation below the recipient’s address and subject heading below the salutation, centre of the line.
    4. Body consists of the first paragraph which goes straight to the subject matter; the main body of the letter consisting of just a single paragraph where the need for the letter is carefully explained, the final paragraph expresses gratitude.
    5. The complimentary closing: yours faithfully
    6. The signature of the writer.
    7. The writer’s full name.

     

     

    FORMAT

     GoodluckStreet,

     Kollington,

     Alagabdo,

     Lagos state.

     10th August, 2017.

     

    The Supervisor,

    Good Shepherd Schools,

    3, Olayinka street,

    Omoroga,

    Meiran,

    Lagos State.

     Dear sir or Dear Madam,

     Application for Permission to Be Absent from School

     

    Body of the Letter

     

     Yours faithfully,

     Signature

     Johnson Folakemi.

     

    Evaluation: Differentiate between a formal and an informal letter.

     

    Reading Assignment: Exam Focus English JSCE page 6 – 14.

     

    GENERAL EVALUATION/REVISION

    Correct the following sentences:

  20. It is high time that you realize your mistake.
  21. She is having a long hair.
  22. I am teaching English language since 1990.
  23. I will return the book as soon as I read it.
  24. Kumari had entered the room when I was writing.

     

    WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

    Choose the most appropriate options from the alternative given:

    1. Out of the following verbs, only __ is always transitive. A. describe b. sleep c. eat
    2. In the sentences, she ate the bread throughout the day, direct object is __ a. she b. the day c. the bread
    3. In the sentence, “He spoke with enthusiasm”. The word ‘spoke’ is ___ A. a transitive verb b. a mono transitive verb c. an intransitive verb
    4. Unfortunately, ‘He is now a complete gentleman’, the subject is __ a. fortunately b. He c. a complete gentleman
    5. The passive form of the sentence ‘The bad road caused the accident’ is __ a. The accident is caused by the bad road b. The accident was caused by the bad road c. The accident had been caused by the bad road

     

    PART B

    Effective English JS 2 page 104.

     

    WEEK SIX

    Topics:

  25. Speechwork: Consonant Contrast /p/ and /tag/
  26. Grammar: PastTense Aspects
  27. Reading Comprehension: The Lorry Trip
  28. Vocabulary Development: Sports
  29. Writing: Narrative Essay

     

  30. Topic: Consonants

    Content: Consonant Contrast /p/ and /tag/

    /p/ /tag/

    pit tip

    pat tap

    pip tip

    pot top

    part tart

    peep team

    pea tea

     

    Evaluation: Write ten examples for each of the consonant sounds above.

     

    Reading Assignment: Exam Focus English JSCE 143 – 144

     

  31. Topic: Tense

    Content: Past Tense Aspects

    The past tense is used to show that an action was completed or done in the past.

    Examples:  He went to Ibadan yesterday.

    Palomadied four years ago.

    We were in Ekiti last year.

    They stayed in a hotel for weeks.

    It was hot yesterday.

    The past tense is divided into four classes namely simple past tense, past continuous tense, past perfect tense, past perfect- continuous tense.

     

  32. The Simple Past Tense: It shows that an action was completed in the past. It expresses an action that takes in the past; used in conditional statements used to express habitual past action and to change a direct to indirect speech.

    Example: I went to school in Ogbomosho.

    We waited for her.

    You sand a song.

    He learnt English.

    She wrote a letter.

    It rained heavily.

    They built the house.

     

  33. Past Continuous Tense: It is used to show that an action was in progress or incomplete in the past. It is made up of was or were + verb + ing, i.e was singing or were playing

    Example: I was reading a novel.

     We were waiting for her.

     You were singing a song.

     He was learning English.

     She was writing a letter.

     It was raining heavily.

     They were building the house.

     While Iwas reading, my maid was washing the plates.

     As he was walking to the station, he tripped and fell.

     

  34. Past Perfect Tense: It is used toshow a past action that took place before another. It is made with had+past participle i.e. had eaten, had goneetc.

    Example:  I had read a novel.

    We had waited for her.

    You had sung a song.

    He had learnt English.

    She had written a letter.

    It had rained heavily.

    They had built the house.

    After I had said my prayers, I played the piano.

    Everyone had gone to bed when she came home.

    He told us that they had bought a new television set.

     

  35. Past Perfect Continuous Tense: It is used to show that an action had been in progress up till another action began.

    It is made with had+been+past participle i.e, had been singing etc.

    Examples: I had been reading a novel.

    We had been waiting for her.

    Evaluation: Write the tense of each of verb below:

     

    Will embark, floats, shall have docked flowed, have changed, has navigated, had steered, announced, will have cleared had departed, is walking, were fighting.

    Reading: Student’s Companion Junior High School by Cihrus Talbot page 84 – 92

     

  36. Topic: Reading Comprehension

    Content: The Lorry Trip Page 79 – 80

    The passage discusses a trip by a lorry and how some f the passengers slipped and fell into an oily road while trying to settle down in the lorry.

     

    Evaluation: Answer the questions on Practice 3 and 4. Effective English JS 2 page 80 – 81

     

    Reading Assignment: Effective English JS 2 page 92 – 93

     

  37. Topic: Vocabulary Development

    Content: Sport isdefined by the Oxford Dictionary as an activity that one does for pleasure and which requires physical effort or skill, usually done in a special area and according to fixed rules. Words associated with sport are player,competitor, athlete, medalist, score, defender, attacker, referee, coach, basketball, athletics, football, netball, volleyball, boxing, table, items, swimming, wrestling, stadium, field, tracks, gymnasium, penalty, goal, competition, race, match, cut, jab, break, record, team, etc.

    Evaluation: Write out other words to do with sports.

     

    Reading Assignment: Exam Focus English JSCE page 118

     

  38. Topic: Writing

    Content: Narrative Essay

    A narrative essay is an essay that tells or recounts a story, an event or incident. The past tense is used in this type of essay. Writing an outline for A frightening Experience

     

    Evaluation: Develop the outline into a full essay

    Reading Assignment: Exam Focus English JSCE page 15- 17

     

    GENERAL EVALUATION/ REVISON

    Each sentence contains an error involving a form of be, have, or do. Write the sentences correctly.

  39. The weather were beautiful all summer long.
  40. Wasn’t you an expert on canal trips?
  41. We has always waited to travel on a canal boat.
  42. The boat leaved ripples in its wake.
  43. Did you see what she thrown into the water?
  44. People had spreaded out on deck to get some sun or to troka nap.

     

    WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  45. Write the correct verb in parentheses.
  46. Difference of opinion (was, were) expressed.
  47. By the entrance (is, are) statues of two lions.
  48. Behind the band (comes, come) the mascot.
  49. One of the customers (has, have) a complaint.
  50. Brown or black shoes (looks, look) fine.
  51. Either the road signs or the map (was, were) wrong.
  52. Both a ruler and a pencil (is, are) needed.
  53. No one but him (plays, play) shortstop.
  54. The team (has, have) all given their best efforts.
  55. Six hours (is, are) the time it takes to get there.

     

  56. Answer questions on page 58 – 59, Revision Exercise C.

     

     

    WEEK SEVEN

    Topics:

  57. Speechwork: Consonant Contrast /f/ and /v/
  58. Grammar: Conjunctions
  59. Reading Comprehension: Extracts from ‘Things Fall Apart’
  60. Vocabulary Development: Newspaper page 235
  61. Writing: Informal Letter
  62. Literature: More on Figures of Speech

     

  63. Topic: Consonant

    Content: Consonant contrast /f/ and /v/

    /f/ /v/

    fan van

    fat vat

    fine vine

    fast vast

    few view

    fault vault

    ferry very

    safe save

    staff starve

    belief believe

    strife strive

     

    Evaluation: Write ten examples for each sound.

     

    Reading Assignment: Exam Focus English JSCE page 143-144

     

  64. Topic: Parts of Speech

    Content: Conjunction

    A conjunction is a word used to join expressions. Expressions joined together by conjunctions are words, phrases and clauses. Examples:

    There are three main kinds.

    Coordinating, correlative, subordinating conjunctions

     

  65. Coordinating conjunctions join groups of similar words and sentences e.g and, but, or

    Examples:

     They want John and Tina. (two words)

     They have finally finished and will soon leave. (two main clauses).

     They played their best but they did not win. (two main clauses).

     Hussein and Musa are good swimmers. (two words)

     

  66. Correlative conjunctions are made up of pairs of words. They join individual words or groups of words. Examples: either—— or, neither—–nor, both——-and, not only——but also hardly——-when, no sooner——-than etc.

    Examples:

    Lost in the desert, we had neither food nor water.

    The crowd likes both my paintings and my sculpture.

    The machine not only picks the peas but also shells them.

    EitherNgoziorUsman is acceptable.

    I had hardly reached home when the phone began ringing.

    We had no sooner started for the cinema than our uncle arrived.

     

  67. Subordinating conjunctions are used to join clauses of unequal rank. They join subordinate clauses to main clauses. Examples after, before, since, until, when, while, now that, as, where, because, although, even, if, as though, in order that, last, so that, except that, unless etc.

    Examples:

     After I had finished my work, I took a nap.

     I like listening to music while I read.

     They were angry because the group last without them.

    The baby cries although he has just been fed.

    He acts as if he owns this company.

    Watch out for the step last you trip.

    Let me know if you can’t make it to the practice.

    Although I was angry, I didn’t show it.

     

    Evaluation: Make sentences with these conjunctions: besides, since, when, therefore, until.

     

    Reading Assignment: The New Student’s companion page 115 – 117.

     

     

  68. Topic: Reading Comprehension

    Content: An Extract from ‘Things Fall Apart’

    The passage is an extract from Achebe’s Things Fall Aprt. Okonkwo has just taken part in the killing of Ikemefuna, his adopted son. The oracle of the village has said that the boy must die but one of the elders tells okonkwo that he ought not to take part in his son’s death.

     

    Evaluation: Practice 2 (1 – 10) Effective English JS 2 page 92.

     

  69. Topic: Vocabulary Development

    Content: Words to do with Newspaper page 235

    The press means the newspapers, magazines and the people who produce them

    Proprietor: The owner of a newspaper. He/She employs an editor to run it for him.

    An Editor is in charge of the day- to-day work of the paper.

    Journalists are people who work in various ways to produce the text of the newspaper. They include: reporters who go out to collect stories and items of news and correspondents who specialize in one kind of topic or in one area.

    Column is the text of a newspaper printed in columnsrunning down the page. Sometimes, a journalist writes a daily or weekly article that appears in roughly the same position in each issue of the paper, this journalist is called a columnist.

     

    Evaluation: Practice 4 (1-7) Effective English JS 2 page 236

     

    Reading Assignment: Effective English JS 2 page 235-236

     

  70. Topic: Writing

    Content: Informal Letter

    In week 5, you are taught an informal letter and its features. Your task inthis lesson is to write an informal letter to your daddy.

     

    Evaluation: Write a letter to your daddy on why you like your newschool

     

    ReadingAssignment: Exam Focus English JSCE page 6 -14

     

  71. Topic: Literary Devices

    Content: Figures of Speech

  72. Onomatopoeia is a word that echoes or imitates the sounds of the things they represent. Examples: cuckoo, crash, squeak, sizzle, shuffling, rustling, squish, creaking etc.
  73. Euphemism: This is the presentation of unpleasant thing in a pleasant way.

    Examples: The king has joined his ancestors. (died)

    The mad woman has been put in the family way. (madepregnant).

  74. Antithesis: This is the choice and arrangement of words to emphasize contrast. Examples: Man proposes and God disposes

    I toil day and night.

  75. Oxymoron: Words of oppositemeaning or suggestion are used together with one serving as a qualifier for the other.

    Examples: A wise fool.

    A bitter sweet experience.

    Panting is a sweet sorrow.

    Death is a cruel kindness.

    Her pregnancy is an open secret.

  76. Apostrophe: This is essentially an address to an absent person, a dead person or non- living thing. Examples: O death! Where is thy sting?

     

    Evaluation: Write out two examples for each figure of speech taught.

     

    Reading Assignment: Exam Focus English JSCE page 157

     

    General Evaluation (Revision)

    Combine the following pairs of sentences using the conjunctions: and, or, but

  77. I like fish. I love steak.
  78. Mom called the doctor. He recommended rest.
  79. You can go to Lekki. You can stay home.
  80. Just listen to me. Please don’t criticize.
  81. I enjoy sailing. Scuba diving is more fun.

     

    WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

    1. Fill in the blank space in each of the following sentences with the correct form of the verb in brackets in front of each sentence.
  82. I ____ the book in the shelf last week. (put)
  83. A snake____ the boy last week (bite).
  84. My teacher _____ me yesterday. (teach)
  85. He was ____ when I saw him. (eat)
  86. He has ____like a fish. (swim)

     

  87. The New Student’s Companion by Chris Talbat page 118 – 119 Exercise 21 (A-H)

     

     

    WEEK EIGHT

    Topics

  88. Speechwork: Consonant Contrast /l/ and /r/
  89. Grammar: Making Requests and Commands
  90. Writing: Descriptive Essay: My Favorite Teacher

     

  91. Topic: Consonants

    Content: Consonant Contrast /l/ and /r/

    /l/ /r/

    lip rip

    lot rot

    lack rack

    lag rag

    loom room

    ply pry

    bleed breed

    blew brew

    flesh fresh

     

    Evaluation: Write ten words for each sound.

     

    Reading Assignment: Exam Focus English JSCE page 143 – 144

     

  92. Topic: The Sentence

    Content: Making Request and Commands.

    Requests are usually expressed by using please.

    e.g.  Please, lend me your pencil.

    Don’t be angry, please.

     It may also be expressed by will/can + infinitive with or without please.

    Examples:  Will you pass the salt, please?

    Will you pass the salt?

    Can you hold this for me , please?

    Can you hold this for me?

     

    Using would/ could instead of will/can is more polite.

    Examples:  Would you pass the salt (please)?

    Could you hold this for me (please)?

     Other requests are:

     Would you be kind enough to show me the way?

     I wonder if you could lend me your umbrella.

     

    Command

    They are used to express an order. There are positive and negative commands. E.g

     Positive Commands

     Go home.

     Touch it.

     Shut the door.

     You are to wait here until I return.

     Will you shut up?

     

     Negative Commands

     Don’t go home.

     Don’t touch it.

     Do not shut the door.

     Don’t you touch it.

     

    Evaluation: Practice 2 Effective English JS 2 page 95.

     

    Reading Assignment: Effective English JS 2 page 94 – 95

     

  93. Topic: Writing

    Content: Descriptive Essay

    My Favourite Teacher

    Here are some guidelines to help you write this essay.

  • Title, Introduction: describe the teacher’s physical attributes – age, height, complexion etc.
  • Background/educational qualification, marital status
  • Likes/interests/hobbies
  • Dislikes
  • Achievement/accomplishment
  • Intellectual traits: level of intelligence etc.
  • Give any other details
  • Conclusion

     

    Evaluation: Write a descriptive essay on your favourite teacher.

     

    GENERAL EVALUATION/REVISION

    Make negative statements with no, nothing, no one and nobody.

  1. Someone heard him.
  2. He learned something.
  3. I have got some.
  4. Somebody asked a question.
  5. She had some money.
  6. Fill in the blank space in each of the following sentences.

    Present progressive Tense, Present Tense, Past tense, Perfect 1

  7. I am finding out. I ___ it out. I ___ it out. I ___ it out.
  8. We are going out. We ___ out. We ___ out. We ___ out.
  9. He ___ it. He gives it. He ___ it. He ___ it.
  10. He is weaving. He ___. He ___. He___.
  11. He is speeding. It ___. It ____. It_____.

     

    WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  12. The underlined sentences contain some tense errors. Give the correct form of the underlined parts of the sentences:
  13. My mother have come to see me.
  14. Oh! His mother had died.
  15. Bisi and Tundegoes to the same college.
  16. I am understand your problems.
  17. The letter had being written.

     

  18. Practice 3,Effective English JS2 page 95.

     

     

    WEEK NINE

    Topics:

  19. Speechwork: consonant /h/
  20. Grammar: Direct and Indirect Speech.
  21. Writing: formal Letter: A Letter of Invitation
  22. Literature

     

  23. Topic: Consonant

    Content /h/

    hit, hood, hawk, home, herd, hide, hall, whole, who, whore, whom, head, behave, adhere, abhor, inhabit, perhaps, behold, behind, ahead, inhale, inhibit, rehearse, inherit.

     /h/ does not occur at the end of a word and it is not pronounced in words like ‘hour’, ‘honour’, ‘honest’, ‘heir’, ‘vehicle’, ‘exhibit’ and ‘exhaust’.

     

    Evaluation: Write out twenty examples for /h/.

     

    ReadingAssignment: Exam Focus English JSCE page 143 – 144

     

  24. Topic: Speech

    Content: Direct and Indirect Speech

    What a person says can be shown by using direct speech or indirect speech.

     

  25. Direct Speech is the actual words of the speaker used within inverted commas.

    Examples:

    I said “I don’t understand you.”

    She asked, “What are you doing here?”

    The sweeper said, “There is nobody in the library.”

     

  26. Indirect Speech reports what a person saidearlier to someone else without the use of inverted commas.

    Examples

    I said that I didn’t understand him.

    She asked me what I was doing there.

    The sweeper said that there was nobody in the library.

     

    Points to Remember.

     

    1a. In indirect speech, the tense used follows that of the main verb in the direct speech

    Examples:

    Direct: “I will help you,” she promised.

    Indirect: She promised that she would help us.

     

    1b. Tense changes in reported speech. If the reporting verb is a present tense, the future tense remains unchanged.

     Example:

     Paloma says, “Ishall go to Delhi tomorrow.”

     Paloma says that she will go to Delhi tomorrow.

    1c. If the reporting verb is in the past tense, the reported verb is subjected to change.

    Direct speech Indirect Speech

    Simple present Simple Past

    Present Continuous Past Continuous

    Present Perfect Past perfect

    Present perfect continuous  past perfect continuous

    Simple past past perfect

    Past continuous past perfect continuous

    Past perfect No change

    Past perfect continuous No change

    Some Examples

  27. John said “I cook rice everyday.”

    John said that he cooked rice everyday.

     

  28. John said “I am cooking rice.”

    John said that he was cooking rice.

     

  29. John said, “I cooked rice”.

    John said he had cooked rice.

     

  30. John said, “I have cooked rice.”

    John said that hehad cooked rice.

     

  31. John said, “I have been cooking rice.”

    John said that hehad been cooking rice.

     

  32. John said “I was cooking rice.”

    John said that he had been cooking rice.

     

    2.  Reported Speech expressing a universal truth or habitual fact is not changed. Example: My father said, “Honesty is the best policy.”

    My father said that honesty is the best policy.

    The teacher said “The earth moves round the sun.”

    The teacher said that the sun moves round the sun.

     

  33. Pronoun changes,

    Direct Indirect

    I/you he/she/they

    You him/her/them

    We they

    My his/her

    Your my

    Our their

    Me him/her, them

    Us them

     

  34. Change place and time

    Direct Reported

    Here there

    Today that day

    These those

    This morning that morning

    Yesterday the day before

    Tomorrow the next day

    Next week the following week

    Next month the following month

    Tonight that night

    Ago before

     

  35. Other examples:
  36. Sekinat asked, “Where is Chukwu?”

    Sekinat asked us where Chukwu was.

     

  37. Lara said, “Would you like a cup of tea?”

    Lara asked me whether/if I would like a cup of tea.

     

  38. Mr. Taiwo said, “Do your work quietly”

    Mr. Taiwo told us to do our work quietly.

     

  39. She said, “Sit down, please.”

    She invited us tosit down.

     

     Evaluations: Change the direct speech to reported speech.

  40. The professor said, ” I work all day.”
  41. He said, “I will be visiting Italy in December.”
  42. The weather man announced, “It may rain today.”
  43. “I can be a great president.” said Martin.

     

    Reading Assignment: ExamFocus English JSCE page 93 – 94; English Grammar by P.O

    Olatunbosun page 90 – 94

     

  44. Topic: Writing – A Formal Letter of Invitation

    In week four, you were taught formal letter. Your task in this lesson is to write a formal letter of invitation.

     

    Evaluation:Your school is organizing a talk show o the topic Child abuse. As the secretary of the organizing committee of the school, write a formal letter of invitation to be sent out to neigbouring schools, highlighting the various benefits they stand to gain in the talk show.

     

    GENERAL EVALUATION/REVISION

    Choose the correct option

    1. She didn’t know ____ when his boss called. a. He was where b. Where he was c. Was he where d. Where was he
    2. Malaria, which can be fatal let untreated, is transmitted by the female, ____ by the male mosquito. a. Not b. however. c. despite d. instead.
    3. A good student must know _____ a. to study hard b. to be a good student c. how to study effectively d. the way of efficiency in study.
    4. Perspiration increases ____ vigorous exercise or hot weather. a. during b. when c. at the time d. for
    5. Physical fitness exercises can cause injuries ____ the participants are not careful. a. that b. to c. if d. with

     

    WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  45. For each question, choose the best answer from the options given.
    1. “We’re going out for dinner tonight,” announced Dad. Dad told us that ______ a. we were going out for dinner that night b. we’re going out for dinner tonight c. we were going out for dinner the following night d. we would be going out for dinner the previous night.
    2. “Where’s the class monitor?” asked the headmaster. The headmaster wanted to know _____. a. where was the class monitor b. where the class monitor was c. where is the class monitor d. where the class monitor would be.
    3. “I’m sure Ibrahim was not telling the truth when he spoke to us yesterday,” commented Abdullah. Abdullah commented that he was sure that Ibrahim was not ______. a. tells them the truth when he speaking to them yesterday b. told them the truth when he spoke to them yesterday c. telling them the truth when he spoken to them that day d. telling them the truth when he spoke to them the previous day
    4. “What are you doing here?” asked Asake. Asake asked me _____. a. what am I doing here b. what I was doing here c. what was I doing here d. what were I doing here
    5. “I’m going home now,” he said. He said that he was _____. A. going home now b. going home then c. went home now d. gone home then
  46. English Grammar by P.O Olatunbosun, Page 93 Exercise 16, 4(a-g).

     

     

    WEEK TEN

    REVISION




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