## 1. Numeration system

i)  Counting objects and numbers 1-20 ii)  Counting and writing numbers 1-20 iii)  Matching pictures to numbers iv)  Counting numbers from 21-50 v)  Filling in the missing numbers vi)  Numbers which come after vii)  Numbers which come between viii)
Numbers which come before

1. Comparing pairs of numbers up to 50 using smaller (less),/ greater(bigger)
2. Arranging the numbers from the smallest to the biggest xi)  Arranging the numbers from big to small xii)  Numbers words from 0 – 20, 21 – 35, 36-50

## 2. Sets

i)
Definition ii)
Naming sets iii)
Drawing sets iv)
Empty sets

v)
Matching sets vi)
Comparing sets

vii)  Forming small sets from big set viii)
Forming a big set from small sets ix)  Joining sets

## 3. Operation on numbers

1. Addition of numbers less than 20 (horizontally and vertically)
2. Word problems involving addition of numbers iii)  Adding using a numberline
3. Subtraction of numbers less than 20 (horizontally and

vertically)

4. Word statements involving subtraction

## 4. Place values

i)  Tens and ones (drawing and counting ) ii)  Counting in tens iii)  Counting tens and ones iv)  Filling in the missing tens and ones

1. Drawing sticks to show tens and ones
2. Presenting numbers on the abacus vii)
Expanding numbers viii)
Word statements in addition of tens and ones x)
Subtraction of tens and ones

xi)  Word statements in subtraction of tens and ones

LESSON NOTES FOR PRIMARY ONE TERM ONE

Theme: our school

Topic :  Numeration system

Counting objects and numbers from 1-20

 1 2 3 ecolebooks.com 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Activity

Count and write the number

=  _________

=________ =  _________

## Counting and writing numbers 1-20

1, 2, 3, 4, ___, ___, 6, ___, 8, ___, 10, ____, ____, 13, ____, ___, 16, 17, ___, 19, ____

## Fill in the missing numbers

1. 2, 3, ___ ____, 6
2. 9, 8, ___, 6, ___, 4

## Counting numbers from 21-50

21, 22, 23, 24,

25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47,48,49, 50

Activity:

• Counting orally from 0 – 50
• Copying numbers from charts/ chalk board 0 – 50

## Fill in the missing numbers

1. 21, 22, ___, ___, 25, ___, ___, 28
2. 30, 31, ___, 33, ____, ___ 36
3. 41, 42, ____, ___, 45, ____, ____ Which number comes right after?

2, ____          6, _____    9,_____

12, ___          16, ____    19, _____

22, ____          34, ____    49, ____

_____ numbers comes right after 11?

_____ number comes after 16?

Which number comes just after 13? _____

What number come just after 40? _____

Which number comes between? a)
3, ___, 5      b)  4, ____, 6 b)
7, ___, ____, 10  c)  9, ____, ____, 13

c)
22, ____, 24      f)  39, ___, 41 g)  which number comes between 7 and 9? h)  What number is between 14 and 16?

What number comes right before?

_____, 3    ____, 7      ____, 9    ____11

____, 14    ____ , 19      ____,22    ____,24  ____,32

1. ______comes just before 10
2. _____comes just before 20
3. What number comes just before 12? ________
4. What number comes right before 29? ______

Circle the smaller (less) number

a)  4 and 2    b)  7 and 5  c)  1 and 9  d)  10 and 20

## Under line the smaller (less) number

a) 12 and 22    b) 14 and 41    c) 6 and 9  d) 13 and 31

a) 2, 7, 9  b) 7, 6, 5  c)  1, 2, 3  d) 10, 20, 30

Circle the greater (bigger) number a)  4, 3, 1        b)  15, 5, 50  c)  7, 5, 9, 10 d)  8, 2, 12, 16    d)  40, 30, 10, 20    e)  21, 11, 31

Underline the greatest (biggest) number a)  1, 2, 3      b)  11, 6, 5    c)  7, 2, 6 d)  10, 11, 9, 4    e)  22, 12, 32  d)  40, 30, 20, 10

f)  50, 10, 20, 30

## Arrange the numbers from the smallest to the biggest

1. 7, 1, 2  ________________
2. 12, 18, 15 _______________
3. 5, 9, 3, 1  _____________
4. 50, 10, 20, 40, 30  ___________

Arrange the numbers from the biggest to the smallest.

1. 1, 2, 3, 4, ______
2. 5, 3, 6, _______
3. 10, 8, 9, ______
4. 6, 7, 8, 9

## Number words from 0 – 20

1. zero
2. one
3. two
4. three
5. four
6. five
7. six
8. seven
9. eight
10. nine
11. ten
12. eleven
13. twelve
14. thirteen
15. fourteen
16. fifteen
17. sixteen
18. seventeen
19. eighteen
20. nineteen
21. twenty

Number words from 21 – 35

1. twenty one
2. twenty two
3. twenty three
4. twenty four
5. twenty five
6. twenty six
7. twenty seven
8. twenty eight
9. twenty nine
10. thirty
11. thirty one
12. thirty two
13. thirty three
14. thirty four
15. thirty five

## Write the missing number words

22 = __________________    30 = ______________ 24= __________________      32  thirty two

1. = ______________________    33 = ______________
2. = ________________________    21 = ___________________

## Write in figures

1. thirty six          43  ________________________
2. _______________      44  ________________________
3. _____________________    45  forty five
4. ______________________    46  _______________________
5. forty        47  ________________________
6. forty one      47  ________________________
7. __________________    48  forty eight

49  ____________________  50  fifty

## Sets

What is a set?

A set is a group of objects

Or A set is a collection of objects

Objects found in a set are called

Members or elements

Note: The introduction of sets must be done practically. (Organize the materials to be used in time)

_________________________      _______________________

_________________________      _______________________ Draw these sets

1. A set of three flowers
2. A set of six boys
3. A set of ten oranges
4. A set of four chairs
5. A set of seven triangles

Empty sets: what is an empty set?

An empty set is a set without members

Or

An empty set is a set with no members

Name this set

____________________________________

Draw an empty set

Matching sets with the same members

Matching sets with the same number of members.

 1, 2, 3

## Comparing members in the given sets

A            B

1. set A has _______________members
2. set B has _____________elements
3. how many members are in both sets?

NB Teacher to give more similar numbers)

## Comparing sets using more or less

Set X      Set Y

1. set Y has ______________members
2. Set X ha __________________memebrs
3. Which set has more members?
4. Which set has less members?
5. How many members are in set Y?
6. How many members are both sets?

Forming new sets

## Joining sets

and make

plus equals

4    +      0    =  __________

_____  +    _______    =  __________

TOPIC :  OPERATION ON WHOLE NUMBERS

## Addition of numbers less than 20 (horizontally)

 3+5 = 2+4+ 0= _____ 9 + 2 = 3 + 7 + 5 = __________ 5 + 0 = 8 + 4 + 6 = 3 + 6 = 7 + 3 + 5 = 11 + 4 = 13 cups + 5 cups =

10 books + 10 books =

## Addition of numbers less than 20 (vertically)

5        6        7      6

+  9      +  4      +  7    +  5

 3 4 5 6 2 5 5 2 + 1 + 7 + 5 + 0 1+ 02 1+ 24 1+ 64

## Word statements in addition of numbers

1. Four plus three equals ___________
2. Ten plus four equals ____________
3. Sarah ate 3 apples

Mary ate 7 apples

How many apples did they eat altogether?

1. Juma has 10 books Ali has 5 books

How many books do they have altogether ? Adding numbers using a numberline

1. 4 + 2 =

1. 1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11

1. 5 + 0 =

1. 1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11

1. 4 + 3 =

1. 1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11

e)  6 + 2 =

0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11

## Subtraction of numbers less than 20 (horizontally)

a)  6 – 4 =        b)  9 – 0 =

c)  9 – 3 =        d)  14 – 2 =

e)  10 – 4 =        f)  12 – 6 =

g)  7 – 7 =        h)  16 – 4 =

## Subtraction of numbers less than 20 (vertically)

9        7      1  2

• 6      –  2      –  7

8      1  0      1  5

• 5      –  3      –  5

## Word statements involving subtraction

1. Nine take away three equals ___________
2. Ten minus two equals ___________
3. Twelve minus three equals ____________

He gave away 6 books  How many books remained?

1. Mary had 16 eggs. 9 eggs got broken

How many eggs remained?

## PLAVE VALUES

Drawing and counting tens and ones

1. =  1 ones        IIIIIII = 7 ones
2. =  2 ones        IIIIIIII= 8 ones
3. =  3 ones        IIIIIIIIII = 9 ones

IIII  –  4 ones        IIIIIIIIII =  1 ten

IIIIII  =  5 ones        IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII = 2 tens

## Counting in tens

1-,  20,  30,  40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 , 100

1. ten = 10        6 tens = ______
2. tens = 20        7 tens = ______
3. tens = 30        8 tens = _____
4. tens = 40        9 tens = _____

## 5 tens = ____        10 tens = _____ Counting tens and ones (how many tens and ones?)

IIIIIIIIII I II = _______tens ______ones

= ______tens ______ones

= ____tens _____ones

IIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIII  IIIIIIIIIII  I II  = _______tens _______ones

## Fill in the missing tens and ones

1. 42 = _____tens ______ones
2. 26 = ______tens ________ones
3. 80 = ______tens ____ones
4. 7 = _____tens _____ones
5. ______tens _____ones = 34
6. ______tens ______ones = 9
7. 3 tens 7 ones = _______
8. 2 tens 3 ones = _______

Draw to show tens and ones.

1. 4 = ___________________________________________________
2. 7 = __________________________________________
3. 12 = _______________________________________
4. 16 = ________________________________
5. 24 = _______________________________
6. 30 = _______________________________

Which number are shown on the abacus?

T  O      T  O      T  O

 ___ ___ =   ____ _____ = Show the number on the abacus ____ _____ = T  O T  O T O

24 =       40 =        52 =

 Expanding numbers 13 = _____ + _____          24 = ______ + _______18 = _______+ _________        39 = ______+______10 = _______+______        46 = _____+_______ 23 = ______+________What number has been expanded? ______ = 10 + 4 10 + 1 = ________ _____ = 10 + 7 20 + 0 = _____ ____ = 20 + 3 40 + 9 = _____ ____= 20 + 5 50 + 0 = ______ _____= 30 + 1      _____=40 + 3 Addition of tens and ones 30 + 6 = _____ T  O    T  O T  O    T O 1  2    2  2 4  3    3 4 +  3    +  2 +  5   +  2 0

T  O      T  O

4  7      5  4

+  3  0     +  2  4

## Word statements in addition of tens and ones

1. Mary has 12 eggs. Sarah has 10 eggs. How many eggs do they have altogether?
2. Dan has 23 balls. Peter has 20 balls. They both have _______balls.
3. There are 13 boys and 14 girls in a class. How many pupils are there altogether?

## Subtraction of tens and ones

T  O    T  O    T  O    T  O

2  4    1  6    3  2    5  4

–  4    –  5    –  2   –  2  4

T  O      T  O

3  2      4  3

1  2    –  2  0

## Word statements in subtraction of tens and ones

1. Nakato has 24 sweets. She ate 12 of them. How many sweets remained?
2. Subtract 10 from 22
3. Mummy has 34 eggs. 20 eggs were bad. How many eggs were good?

1. Sarah put 32 glasses on the tray. 11 glasses got broken. How many glasses were left?

## P.1 NUMBER LESSON NOTES TERM II

Topical break down term II 2016

1.
Geometry

1. Basic shapes
2. Naming shapes
3. Shapes of different objects
4. Naming different things with a shape of a square eg circle
5. Length
1. What is length?
2. Parts of the body used to measure length iii)  Other things used to measure length iv)  Comparing length using long, tall or short

v)  Adding distance in metres (vertically and horizontally) vi)  Word statements involving addition of metres vii)  Subtraction of metres (horizontally and vertically viii)
Word statements in involving subtraction of metres ix)  Picture interpretation about distance

1. Numeration system

i)
Ordinal numbers ii)
Numbers 50 – 100 iii)
Writing numbers and number names 50 (fifty – 100) iv)
Matching numbers to their number names v)
Grouping objects in twos vii)
Multiplying numbers by two (horizontally and vertically) viii)
Word statements involving multiplication of numbers by 2 ix)
Dividing by 2

x)  Word statement involving division of numbers by 2

4.
Fractions

i)  What is a fraction ii)  Making and shading wholes iii)  Making and shading halves iv)  Making and shading quarters

1. Making and shading other fractions
2. Addition of fractions vii)  Subtraction of fractions

5.
Measures

i)  Telling times on the clock face ii)  Showing the given time on the clock face iii)  Addition of time in full hours (horizontally and vertically)

iv)  Subtraction of time in full hours (horizontally and vertically) v)  Days of the week vi)  Months of the year

1. Graph

i)
Picture graph ii)
Block graph

1. Subtraction of numbers using a number line
2. Revision of the covered work

## LESSON NOTES FOR PRIMARY ONE TERM II

Topic: Geometry

Basic shapes

Triangle        rectangle    square

Circle        cone      oval

Name the shapes

a) _______

b)_____

c) _____

1. ________________
2. ________________ Shapes of different objects

Name different objects with a shape of a triangle

1. A sacket of milk
2. A roof top of a hut
3. A samosa

Name different objects with a shape of a rectangle

1. A door
2. A chalkboard

Name different things with a shape of a square

1. Top of the chair
2. Wire mesh

Name different things with a shape of a circle

1. A ball
2. A water melon
3. A clock face
4. An orange

## TOPIC : LENGTH

Definition

Length is the distance between two points

Parts of the body used to measure length

Hands

Fingers

Hand span

Feet

Arms

Other things we use to measure length

Ropes

Strings

Sticks

Bananfibres

Comparing length of different objects

Use long , tall or short

A    B    Tree A is _____________

Tree B is ________________

Stick y is _________________

Stick Z is _______________

Compare using longer, taller or shorter

Ann  Tendo    Ann is ____________than Tendo

Ruler M is ________than ruler N

1. 2 metres + 3 metres = ___________metres
2. 7 metres + 4 metres= __________metres
3. 13 metres + 6 metres = _____________metres
4. 9 metres + 1 meter = _____________metres

 6 metres 8 metres 4 5 m  1 0m + 3 metres + 4 metres + 2 3m + 2 4 m

Word statements involving addition of metres

1. Joy moved 3 metres. Sarah moved 4 metres.

They both moved ____________metres

1. Bursar had 12 metres of a black cloth and 4 metres of a yellow cloth. How many metres of cloth had the bursar?
2. Tom walked 10 metres and ran 5 metres. How many metres did he move altogether?

Subtraction of metres

1. 7 metres – 4 metres = ___________metrers
2. 9 metres – 2 meters = ___________metres
3. 20 m – 10 m = _________m
4. 13 m – 7 m = ______m
5. 6 metres 1 9 metres – 4 metres – 1 6metres

h)  3  2m      4  0m

–  2m    –  2  0m

Word statements for subtraction of metres

1. Tom had 6 metres of a red cloth. He sold 2 metres to his mother. How many metres did he remain with?
2. ten metres minus six metres equals ____________metres
3. Joan had a sugarcane of 12 metres . She ate a piece of 5 metres. How many metres of a sugarcane did she remain with?

Find the distance around the picture

1. What is the distance from the ball to the tree?
2. How far is it from the hut to the ball?
3. What is the shortest distance?
4. What is the longest distance?
5. What is the distance between the tree and the hut?
6. Find the total distance around the pictures

## TOPIC: ORDINAL NUMBERS

Ordinal numbers are numbers which tell us places of position and dates correctly

 Number Word 1st First 2nd Second 3rd Third 4th Forth 5th Fifth 6th Sixth 7th Seventh 8th Eighth 9th Ninth 10th Tenth 11th Eleventh 12th Twelfth 13th Thirteenth 14th Fourteenth 15th Fifteenth 16th Sixteenth 17th Seventeenth 18th Eighteenth 19th Nineteenth 20th Twentieth

Activity

1. Fill in the missing numbers

1st , 2nd ______, 4th , 5th , _____, ____, 8th

1. Write in numbers

Ninth  _____________

Fifteenth _______________

Second  ________________

## TOPIC: NUMERATION SYSTEM Numbers 50 – 100

50, 51, 52,

53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60,61,62,63,64,65,66,67,68,69,70,71,72,73,74,75,76,77, 78,79,80,81,82,83,84,85,86,87,88,89,90,91,92,93,94,95,96,97,98,99,100

Writing numbers and their number names

1. fifty  63  sixty three
2. fifty one  64  ____________
3. fifty two  65  _______________
4. ___________  66  _______________
5. ___________  67  _______________
6. _______________  68  sixty eight
7. fifty six  69  sixty nine
8. ______________  70  seventy
9. ______________  71  __________
10. ____________  72  _______________
11. sixty  80  eighty 61  sixty one  90  ninety

62  ____________  100 one hundred

Activity

Match numbers to their number names

76      ninety one

50      one hundred

91      seventy six

100    fifty

Find the missing numbers

Example 1

2+3 =  5+3 =    4+5 =      10 + 7 =

Teacher will give examples in groups and individually then give an activity

Example 2

2 + 3 = 5        6 + 2 = 8

Note: Draw balls for the bigger number and cross balls for the smaller number

Teacher will help pupils with more examples then give an activity

Example 3

4 + 5 = 9      5 + 2 = 7

Note: Draw balls for the bigger number and cross for the small number, the remaining balls are the answer.

Grouping in twos

Grouping objects in twos

1 two =

2 twos =

3 twos =

Multiplying numbers by 2 (horizontally)

And more of this work up to 12

And more of this work to be given to pupils

Word problems with multiplication of numbers by 2

a)  Juma has 2 eyes. How many eyes have 4 boys?

4  x  2  =  8

One girl has 2 ears. How many ears do 3 girls have?

3  x  2  =  6

A hen has 2 legs. How many legs do 6 hens have?

6  x  2  =  12

Put 2 eggs on each plate. How many eggs are on 5 plates?

5  x  2  =  10

Dividing numbers by 2

1. 2  ÷  2  = 1      b)  8  ÷  2  = 4

d)  4 ÷ 2 = _____

f)          g)

2      2

Teacher will give more numbers

Word problem involving division of numbers by 2

Share 6 mangoes between 2 girls. How many does each get?

6 ÷ 2 = 3 mangoes

1. ten divided by 2 equals

10 ÷ 2 = 5

1. Share 16 sweets equally between 2 boys

1. Daddy had 8 bananas. He shared them between 2 children. How many bananas did each child get?

8 ÷ 2 = 4

Teacher will give more examples, then an activity

## ACCIDETNS AND SAFETY FRACTIONS

What is a fraction?

A fraction is part of a whole

New words

A whole apple  A whole orange    A whole banana

One of the two equal parts cut is called a half.

Teacher will help pupils cut different fractions from different whole and name them. (practically)

Note: The parts cut must be of the same size.

Name the shaded fraction (work will be prepared and pasted in pupils’ books)

A whole triangle

A whole circle

A whole pawpaw

=  ½ a half

=  ½ a half

= ¼ a quarter

= ¼ a quarter

= ¼ a quarter

1/ 3    a third

= 1 /3  a third

= 3/ 6

= 2/4

2  +  1  =  3  Note: Add numbers on top only and choose 5    5    5  one number from those down.

4  +  2  =  4+2 =  6

8    8     8    8

More work will be given to pupils following the above examples

Subtraction of fractions

1. –  2  =  3-2 = 1  note: Subtract numbers up, then
2. 4    4  4 choose one number from down

1. –  5  =  ____    4  –  2  =
2. 8          10    10

1. –  1  =        5  –  1  =
2. 3          7    7

Teacher will give more work following the above examples

## TOPIC: MEASURES TIME Telling time on a clock face

A clock face has 2 or more hands on it

A short hand is the hour hand

A long hand is the minute hand

They both move around the clock but one moves faster than the other When the long hand move and point straight in 12, the time will be that number the short one is pointing to.

It is 4 o’clock

More work on telling time

Work will be done and pasted in their books Showing time on a clock face.

It I 9 o’clock          It is 2 o’clock

More work to be done on papers and pasted in their books

5 hours + 3 hours = ___________hours

8 hours + 2 hours = _________hours

2 hours + 4 hours = __________hours

 3 hours        6 hours 7 hours +  4 hours      +  7 hours + 5 hours Subtraction of time in full hours  9 hours – 4 hours = ___________hours  8 hours – 3 hours = __________hours  12 hours – 8 hours = __________hours 9hours        10 hours –  6 hours      –  8 hours – 12 hours 4 hours

Days of the week

We have seven days in a week.

All days of the week have names beginning with capital letter Sunday is the first day of the week.

Monday is the second day of the week

Tuesday is the third day of the week

Wednesday is the fourth day of the week

Thursday is the fifth day of the week

Friday is the sixth day of the week

Saturday is the seventh day of the week

Fill in the missing days of the week

1. Sunday, Monday, __________, ________________, _________, Friday
2. Thursday, Wednesday, ______, ________, __________
3. When do Christians go for prayers?
4. Moslems pray on _______________
5. The seventh day Adventists pray on _____________
6. On ______________________Christians go for prayers.

Note: 60 minutes = 1 hour

24 hours = one day

7 days = 1 week

2 weeks = fortnight

4 weeks = 1 month

12 months = one year

## Months of the year

There are twelve months of the year

 January 1st February 2nd March 3rd April 4th May 5th June 6th July 7th August 8th September 9th October 10th November 11th December 12th

Activity

1. How many months make a year?
2. Fill in the missing letters

Jan_____ary    Feb___u___ry    J____ne  A____ ____ust

1. Fill in the missing months of the year

January , February, ___________, __________________May

August , September, _______________, __________________, December

## GRAPHS Graph 1

Teacher will help pupils get the ideas of graph from real objects

1. How many flowers has Alum?
2. Who has three flowers?
3. How many flowers do they have altogether?

## Questions

1. How many apples does Loy have?
2. Who has three apples?
3. How many apples do they have altogether?
4. Who has most apples?
5. Who has the least number of apples?

Graph 3

A farmer planted trees on different days

 Monday Tuesday Wednesday

Questions

1. How many trees were planted on Tuesday?
2. On which day did he plant the least number of trees?
3. How many trees did he plant on Monday?
4. How many trees did he plant altogether?

Study the graph and answer the questions that follow

Five children have boxes

 Tom Tonny Tina Tasha Trinity

Questions

1. How many boxes does Tonny have?
2. Who have the same number of boxes?
3. How many boxes has Trinity?
4. How many boxes do they have altogether?

Use a number line to get the answer

b)  9 – 7 = _______

0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11

More work will be given.

Revision of the covered work.

## Topical breakdown for term III MEASUREMENTS

1.
Weight(mass)

i)  What is weight? ii)  Things we use to weigh iii)  Comparing weight iv)  Addition of weight – vertically and horizontally v)  Word statements involving addition vi)  Subtraction of weights – vertically and horizontally vii)  Word statements involving subtraction

1. Capacity
1. What is capacity ii)  Examples of liquids iii)  Objects/containers we use to measure liquids iv)  Comparing capacity

v)  Measuring using non standard units vi)  The standard unit for capacity vii)  Addition in litres viii)
Word statements (addition) ix)  Subtraction in litres

1. Work statements (subtraction)
2. Mixed exercises of addition and subtraction
2. Money

i)  What is money? ii)  History of money iii)  Uganda currency iv)  Features on money v)  Comparing money vi)  Addition of money vii)  Word statements viii)
Subtraction of money ix)  Word statements

1. Shopping

i)
Subtraction ii)
Multiplication iii)
Division iv)
Number families

v)  Multiplication by 3 vi)  Division by 3 vii)  Multiplication by 3 viii)
Division by 3

## LESSON NOTES FOR PRIMARY ONE TERM III

Topic: Measures

Weight (mass)

1. What is weight?
1. Weight is how heavy or light something is
2. We can tell how heavy or light something is after weighing it
2. We can weigh some objects using non standard tools eg. Tins, baskets, pots etc
3. We measure mass (weight) in kilograms (kg) and grams (g)
4. Examples of things we weigh
• Sugar  –
Maize flour
• Peas  –
Salt  –
Beans
• Meat  –
Rice
• Millet  –
Cassava flour

Comparing weight using heavy or light

1. A stone is _________________
2. A paper is _______________
3. A table is _____________
4. A feather is ___________
5. A brick is ____________
6. A pen is ______________

Comparing weight using heavier than or lighter than

Table          cup

1. A table is ______________________a cup.
2. A cup is ____________________a table.

## pencil        stone

1. A pencil is _______________________a stone
2. A stone is ____________________a pencil.

Tom

Juma

1. Juma is __________________Tom
2. Tom is ______________________Juma

a)  1 kg + 3 kg =        b)  9kg + 2 kg =

c)  7kg + 2 kg + 4kg      d)  8kg + 0kg + 5kg =

e) 9kg f) 8kg g) 1 0 kg 2 1kg + 5kg 4kg + 1 3kg + 1 5kg

+ 2kg

## Word statements involving addition of mass

Aunt bought 3kg of sugar. Uncle bought 5kg of sugar

How many kilograms did they buy altogether?

Joan had 7kg of salt. Dan had 9kg of salt. How many kilograms did they have altogether?

Subtraction of mass in kilograms

 10kg – 4kg = _____kg b)  12kg – 9kg =____kg 7kg – 2kg = ____kg d)  14kg – 7 kg = _____kg 8kg    9kg 14kg    11kg – 4kg   –  3kg – 4kg  –  10kg

Word statements

1. Subtract 9kg – 5kg
2. Daddy bought 14kg of meat. We ate 6kg. How many kilograms remained?
3. There were 34kg of rice in the basket. Mummy cooked 20kg. How many kilograms remained?

## Capacity

What is capacity?

Capacity is the amount of liquid a container can hold.

Examples of liquids

1. Water
2. Milk
3. Juice
4. Paraffin
5. Tea
6. Petrol
7. Diesel
8. Glue
9. Cooking oil

Container used to measure liquids

1. Bottles
2. Jugs
3. Jerrycans
4. Basins
5. Cups
6. Glasses
7. Tins
8. Gourd
9. Bucket

Comparing capacity using less or more

Bottle      tin

1. Which object carries more water?
2. Which object carries less water?

Drum        jerrcan

1. Which container holds more water?
2. Which container holds less water?

Reference MK 1 page 102

## Measuring using standard units

We measure liquids in litres (1) other measure are milliliters (ml)i.e medicine , water, soda, juice

Practical measuring of water in different quantities

1. A plastic mug holds ½ of water
2. A small plastic bottle holds ½ litre of water
3. A bottle of beer contains ½ litres of beer

Activity

1. How many mugs of water can fill five litre bottles?
2. How many mugs of water can fill a one litre bottle?

Reference MK nk 2 page 150 Adding in litres (vertically and horizontally)

1. 1 litre + 2 litres = 3 litres
2. 4 litres + 3 litres _____litres
3. 5 litres + 2 litres = _____litres
 2 5 litres 3 3 litres + 2 3litres + 5 0 litres

Ref: MK bk 2 page 151

Word problems involving addition of litres

a)  Juma had 2 litres of milk. He added 4 litres of water in milk. How many litres did he get altogether?

________________________________________________________________ b)  Tom had 8 litres of water. He bought more 2 litres of water. How many litres did he buy altogether?

________________________________________________________________ c)  Grace has 7 litres of soda. Akello has 5 litres of soda. How many litres do they have altogether?

________________________________________________________________ Subtracting litres horizontally and vertically

1. 10 litres –  1 litre =_________ litres
2. 15 litres   – 7 litres  = ________litres
3. 12 litres   –  3 litres  = _________litres

1. 8 litres    e)    5 litres

–  3 litres      –  2 litres

f)    4  8 litres    g)  3  7 litres

–  2  6 litres      -2  0 litres

Word problems involving subtraction of litres

1. Mummy had 8 litres of milk. She sold 2 litres. How many litres did she remain with?

________________________________________________________________

2. Sarah had 16 litres of oil. She used 7 litres to fry pancakes. How many litres remained?

________________________________________________________________ Mixed exercises on addition and subtraction of litres

1. 6 litres +  4 litres  =_________ litres
2. 5 litres   + 2 litres = ________litres
3. 10 litres   –  5 litres  = _________litres

1. 1 0litres    e)  1 4 litres    f)  2 4 litres

– 2 litres    -1 0litres  +  1 1 litres

T  O    T  O      T  O

1  8    1  9      6  9

+  3    +  4      6

## 2  1    2  3

11  13  15

Exercise

T  O    T  O      T  O

3  7    5  4      8  9

+  4    +  8      +  9

Adding two digit numbers to two digit numbers with regrouping

Exercise

T  O              T  O

4  5              6  9

+  4  5              +  6

6  0

10  14

Exercise

T  O    T  O      T  O

4  6    5  7      2  9

+  2  8  +  1  4    +  3  7

TOPIC:  MONEY

Money :This is what we use to buy what we want.

Discuss the use of money

History of money

Long ago, people used to exchange goods for goods and services for services (barter trade). Later, they introduced cowrie shells.

When the Indians came, they introduced rupees. The rupees also got expired and now we have the present currency called shillings.

Currency used by different countries

 Uganda – shillings Kenya – shillings England – pounds America – Dollars Rwanda – Farang Nigeria – Naira

There are two forms of money used in Uganda

These are

1. Coins
2. Notes (paper money)

Coins

50shillings coin

100 shillings coin

200 shillings coin

500 shillings coin

1000 shillings coin

Notes:

1000 shillings note

2000 shillings note

5000 shillings note

10,000 shillings note

20,000 shillings note 50,000 shillings note Features on money

a)  A coin of 50 shillings has a head of a cob and the coat of arms a coin of 100 shillings – a cow and a coat of arms a coin of 200 shillings – a fish

a coin of 500 shillings – a head of a crested crane a coin of 1000 shillings – a crested crane

Changing money/ comparing different money denominations

Shs. 100    =  shs 50 + shs. 50

Shs. 200    =  shs. _____ + shs ____ +shs. ____ + shs. ______ a)  Shs. 300  =  shs. _______ + shs. _______ + shs. _______

1. How many coins of 100 make shs. 200?
2. How many coins of 100 make shs. 500?

Addition of money vertically and horizontally

1. i)  Shs. 100   + Shs. 100   = Shs 200 ii)  Shs. 100   +  Shs. 100   = __________ iii)  Shs. 500   +  Shs. 200   = __________

2. i)  shs. 50    ii)    shs. 150

+  shs  50    +  shs. 50

1. Jane had shs. 200. Peter had shs. 300. How much money do they have altogether?
2. There are shs. 400 in the tin and shs. 200 in the box. How much money is there altogether?
3. Tom picked shs. 500 on the way to school. john picked shs. 300. How much money do they have altogether?

Subtraction of money

 shs. 600 ii)  shs. 700 iii)  shs. 300 – shs  400 – shs. 200 +  shs 200

Ref : Mk Bk 2 page 127

Oxford Primary MTC Bk 2 page 58

Word problems involving subtraction of money

1. You have shs. 500. You spent Shs. 200. How much is left?

shs. 500    –  shs  200

1. You have Shs. 200. You have spent shs. 100. How much is left?

shs. 200

–  shs  100

1. Eva had shs. 300. She lost shs. 100. How much money did she remain with?

shs. 300

–  shs  100

1. Susan had shs. 700. She bought a ruler at shs. 300. How much money did she remain with?

shs. 700    –  shs  300

Lesson  SHOPPING

An apple    an egg    an orange    a cup

Shs. 500      shs. 200    shs. 150      shs. 300

1. What is the cost of an egg?
2. Which item costs shs. 300?
3. A ______________costs shs. 500.
4. What is the cost of an egg and a cup?
1. Study the price list and answer the questions

Item      Price

Pencil      shs. 50 each

Sweet      shs. 50 each

Book      shs.100  each

Matchbox    shs. 50  each

Ice cream    shs. 500  each

Questions

1. How much is a pencil?
2. What is the cost of a sweet?
3. How much is a tin of ice cream?
4. How much will one pay for two match boxes?
5. What is the cheapest item?
6. A ______________is the most expensive item .

51

## TOPIC:    NUMBER FAMILIES

Number families of 2,  3,  4,  5,  6,  7,  8,  9,  10

Which two numbers add up to 2

First list all the numbers from 0 up to 2

2

Choose the first and the last numbers

O    +  2  =  2

1. +  1  =  2
2. +  0  =  2

Which pairs of numbers add up to 4?

O    +  4  =  4

1. +  3  =  4
2. +  2  =  4

4    +  0  =  4

3    +  1  =  4

Which pairs of numbers add up to 4?

O    +  5  =  5

1. +  4  =  5
2. +  3  =  5
3. +  2  =  5
4. +  1  =  5
5. +  0  =  5

Up to 1

TOPIC:  MULTIPLICATION BY 3
1.  Grouping in threes.

1. group of three  =  3
2. groups of three =  _________
3. threes  =  _________

Up to 12

Multiplying numbers by 3 [ horizontally ]

Example

And more of this work up to 12

Multiplying numbers by 3 [ vertically ]

1        3       7   1 2 x  3    x  3  x  3  x  3

More of this work to be given to pupils
Word problems with multiplication by 3

1. A stool has 3 legs. How many legs. How many legs do 2 stools

have?  6

2  x  3  =  _______ legs.

1. There are 3 eggs in a tray

How many eggs are there in 4 trays?

3 x 4 = 12 eggs

TOPIC: DIVISION OF NUMBERS BY 3

Dividing numbers by 3 [ horrizontally]

3

1. ÷ 3 = ________    9 ÷ 3 = ________

4

12 ÷ 3 = _______

Dividing numbers by 3 [vertically ]

1. 3

1

3 21       3 3     3 9

Teacher will give more examples and then an activity

Word problems involving division of numbers by 3

1. Mummy had 6 bananas. She shared them equally among 3 children. How many bananas did each get?

6 ÷ 3 = ______ 2

Each child got 2 bananas

1. Nine divide by three equals _____________
2. Share 12 pencils equally among 3 boys

12 ÷ 3 = _______

Each child get 4 pencils

d) What do we get when we share 3 apples equally among 3 girls?

3 ÷ 3 = _______ apple 1

## TOPIC:  MATHEMATICAL STATEMENTS

• Altogether  – Plus
• And  – Put together
• Both  – More
• Sum
1. Two plus five equals _________________________________
2. What is the sum of three, two and four?

__________________________________________________ c)  Jane has four apples. John has three apples

How many apples do they have altogether?  ____________________________________________________ d)  Find the total of five and six oranges

__________________________________________________ e)  What is six and four?

___________________________________________________

• Daddy had 2 sweets. Mummy gave him more 7 sweets. How many sweets did daddy have altogether?

________________________________________________________________

Mathematical statements on subtraction

Words used in subtraction

• Subtraction  – Minus
• Take away  – Remain
• Less  – Remove
• Subtract 4 mangoes from 11 mangoes  _______________________________________________________________
• What is 8 take away zero

_______________________________________________________________

• Twelve minus six equals ________________________________________
• What is four less two? __________________________________________
• A hen had 8 eggs. Five eggs were broken. How many eggs remained?__________________________________________________________
• Remove 4 pens from 10 pens. How many pens remain?

________________________________________________________________

Mathematical statements on the multiplication

Words used in multiplication

• Multiplication
• groups of
• times

Note:  teacher will give examples using words above.

Mathematical statements on division

Words used in division

Share

Divide

Among

Equally Between give

Note :  Teacher will give examples using words above.

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