Share this:
1.
Numeration system
i) Counting objects and numbers 120 ii) Counting and writing numbers 120 iii) Matching pictures to numbers iv) Counting numbers from 2150 v) Filling in the missing numbers vi) Numbers which come after vii) Numbers which come between viii)
Numbers which come before
 Comparing pairs of numbers up to 50 using smaller (less),/ greater(bigger)
 Arranging the numbers from the smallest to the biggest xi) Arranging the numbers from big to small xii) Numbers words from 0 – 20, 21 – 35, 3650
2.
Sets
i)
Definition ii)
Naming sets iii)
Drawing sets iv)
Empty sets
v)
Matching sets vi)
Comparing sets
vii) Forming small sets from big set viii)
Forming a big set from small sets ix) Joining sets
3.
Operation on numbers
 Addition of numbers less than 20 (horizontally and vertically)
 Word problems involving addition of numbers iii) Adding using a numberline
 Subtraction of numbers less than 20 (horizontally and
vertically)
 Word statements involving subtraction
4.
Place values
i) Tens and ones (drawing and counting ) ii) Counting in tens iii) Counting tens and ones iv) Filling in the missing tens and ones
 Drawing sticks to show tens and ones
 Presenting numbers on the abacus vii)
Expanding numbers viii)
Adding tens and ones ix)
Word statements in addition of tens and ones x)
Subtraction of tens and ones
xi) Word statements in subtraction of tens and ones
LESSON NOTES FOR PRIMARY ONE TERM ONE
Theme: our school
Topic : Numeration system
Counting objects and numbers from 120
1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10 
11  12  13  14  15  16  17  18  19  20 
Activity
Count and write the number
= _________
=________ = _________
Counting and writing numbers 120
1, 2, 3, 4, ___, ___, 6, ___, 8, ___, 10, ____, ____, 13, ____, ___, 16, 17, ___, 19, ____
Fill in the missing numbers
 2, 3, ___ ____, 6
 9, 8, ___, 6, ___, 4
Counting numbers from 2150
21, 22, 23, 24,
25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47,48,49, 50
Activity:
 Reciting rhymes about numbers
 Counting orally from 0 – 50
 Copying numbers from charts/ chalk board 0 – 50
Fill in the missing numbers
 21, 22, ___, ___, 25, ___, ___, 28
 30, 31, ___, 33, ____, ___ 36
 41, 42, ____, ___, 45, ____, ____ Which number comes right after?
2, ____ 6, _____ 9,_____
12, ___ 16, ____ 19, _____
22, ____ 34, ____ 49, ____
_____ numbers comes right after 11?
_____ number comes after 16?
Which number comes just after 13? _____
What number come just after 40? _____
Which number comes between? a)
3, ___, 5 b) 4, ____, 6 b)
7, ___, ____, 10 c) 9, ____, ____, 13
c)
22, ____, 24 f) 39, ___, 41 g) which number comes between 7 and 9? h) What number is between 14 and 16?
What number comes right before?
_____, 3 ____, 7 ____, 9 ____11
____, 14 ____ , 19 ____,22 ____,24 ____,32
 ______comes just before 10
 _____comes just before 20
 What number comes just before 12? ________
 What number comes right before 29? ______
Circle the smaller (less) number
a) 4 and 2 b) 7 and 5 c) 1 and 9 d) 10 and 20
Under line the smaller (less) number
a) 12 and 22 b) 14 and 41 c) 6 and 9 d) 13 and 31
a) 2, 7, 9 b) 7, 6, 5 c) 1, 2, 3 d) 10, 20, 30
Circle the greater (bigger) number a) 4, 3, 1 b) 15, 5, 50 c) 7, 5, 9, 10 d) 8, 2, 12, 16 d) 40, 30, 10, 20 e) 21, 11, 31
Underline the greatest (biggest) number a) 1, 2, 3 b) 11, 6, 5 c) 7, 2, 6 d) 10, 11, 9, 4 e) 22, 12, 32 d) 40, 30, 20, 10
f) 50, 10, 20, 30
Arrange the numbers from the smallest to the biggest
 7, 1, 2 ________________
 12, 18, 15 _______________
 5, 9, 3, 1 _____________
 50, 10, 20, 40, 30 ___________
Arrange the numbers from the biggest to the smallest.
 1, 2, 3, 4, ______
 5, 3, 6, _______
 10, 8, 9, ______
 6, 7, 8, 9
Number words from 0 – 20
 zero
 one
 two
 three
 four
 five
 six
 seven
 eight
 nine
 ten
 eleven
 twelve
 thirteen
 fourteen
 fifteen
 sixteen
 seventeen
 eighteen
 nineteen
 twenty
Number words from 21 – 35
 twenty one
 twenty two
 twenty three
 twenty four
 twenty five
 twenty six
 twenty seven
 twenty eight
 twenty nine
 thirty
 thirty one
 thirty two
 thirty three
 thirty four
 thirty five
Write the missing number words
22 = __________________ 30 = ______________ 24= __________________ 32 thirty two
 = ______________________ 33 = ______________
 = ________________________ 21 = ___________________
Write in figures
 thirty six 43 ________________________
 _______________ 44 ________________________
 _____________________ 45 forty five
 ______________________ 46 _______________________
 forty 47 ________________________
 forty one 47 ________________________
 __________________ 48 forty eight
49 ____________________ 50 fifty
Sets
What is a set?
A set is a group of objects
Or A set is a collection of objects
Objects found in a set are called
Members or elements
Note: The introduction of sets must be done practically. (Organize the materials to be used in time)
_________________________ _______________________
_________________________ _______________________ Draw these sets
 A set of three flowers
 A set of six boys
 A set of ten oranges
 A set of four chairs
 A set of seven triangles
Empty sets: what is an empty set?
An empty set is a set without members
Or
An empty set is a set with no members
Name this set
____________________________________
Draw an empty set
Matching sets with the same members
Matching sets with the same number of members.

Comparing members in the given sets
A B
 set A has _______________members
 set B has _____________elements
 how many members are in both sets?
NB Teacher to give more similar numbers)
Comparing sets using more or less
Set X Set Y
 set Y has ______________members
 Set X ha __________________memebrs
 Which set has more members?
 Which set has less members?
 How many members are in set Y?
 How many members are both sets?
Forming new sets
Joining sets
and make
plus equals
4 + 0 = __________
_____ + _______ = __________
TOPIC : OPERATION ON WHOLE NUMBERS
Addition of numbers less than 20 (horizontally)
3+5 =  2+4+ 0= _____  
9 + 2 =  3 + 7 + 5 = __________  
5 + 0 =  8 + 4 + 6 =  
3 + 6 =  7 + 3 + 5 =  
11 + 4 =  13 cups + 5 cups = 
10 books + 10 books =
Addition of numbers less than 20 (vertically)
5 6 7 6
+ 9 + 4 + 7 + 5
3  4  5  6  
2  5  5  2  
+  1  +  7  +  5 
 +  0  
 1 +  0 2 

 1 +  2 4 

 1 +  6 4 
Word statements in addition of numbers
 Four plus three equals ___________
 Ten plus four equals ____________
 Sarah ate 3 apples
Mary ate 7 apples
How many apples did they eat altogether?
 Juma has 10 books Ali has 5 books
How many books do they have altogether ? Adding numbers using a numberline
 4 + 2 =
 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
 5 + 0 =
 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
 4 + 3 =
 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
e) 6 + 2 =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Subtraction of numbers less than 20 (horizontally)
a) 6 – 4 = b) 9 – 0 =
c) 9 – 3 = d) 14 – 2 =
e) 10 – 4 = f) 12 – 6 =
g) 7 – 7 = h) 16 – 4 =
Subtraction of numbers less than 20 (vertically)
9 7 1 2
 6 – 2 – 7
8 1 0 1 5
 5 – 3 – 5
Word statements involving subtraction
 Nine take away three equals ___________
 Ten minus two equals ___________
 Twelve minus three equals ____________
 Daddy had 10 books
He gave away 6 books How many books remained?
 Mary had 16 eggs. 9 eggs got broken
How many eggs remained?
PLAVE VALUES
Drawing and counting tens and ones
 = 1 ones IIIIIII = 7 ones
 = 2 ones IIIIIIII= 8 ones
 = 3 ones IIIIIIIIII = 9 ones
IIII – 4 ones IIIIIIIIII = 1 ten
IIIIII = 5 ones IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII = 2 tens
Counting in tens
1, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 , 100
 ten = 10 6 tens = ______
 tens = 20 7 tens = ______
 tens = 30 8 tens = _____
 tens = 40 9 tens = _____
5 tens = ____ 10 tens = _____ Counting tens and ones (how many tens and ones?)
IIIIIIIIII I II = _______tens ______ones
= ______tens ______ones
= ____tens _____ones
IIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIII IIIIIIIIIII I II = _______tens _______ones
Fill in the missing tens and ones
 42 = _____tens ______ones
 26 = ______tens ________ones
 80 = ______tens ____ones
 7 = _____tens _____ones
 ______tens _____ones = 34
 ______tens ______ones = 9
 3 tens 7 ones = _______
 2 tens 3 ones = _______
Draw to show tens and ones.
 4 = ___________________________________________________
 7 = __________________________________________
 12 = _______________________________________
 16 = ________________________________
 24 = _______________________________
 30 = _______________________________
Which number are shown on the abacus?
T O T O T O
___ ___ = ____ _____ =
Show the number on the abacus  ____ _____ =  
T O  T O  T  O 
24 = 40 = 52 =
Expanding numbers 13 = _____ + _____ 24 = ______ + _______ 18 = _______+ _________ 39 = ______+______ 10 = _______+______ 46 = _____+_______  
23 = ______+________ What number has been expanded?  
______ = 10 + 4  10 + 1 = ________  
_____ = 10 + 7  20 + 0 = _____  
____ = 20 + 3  40 + 9 = _____  
____= 20 + 5  50 + 0 = ______  
_____= 30 + 1 _____=40 + 3
Addition of tens and ones  30 + 6 = _____  
T O T O  T O T  O  
1 2 2 2  4 3 3  4  
+ 3 + 2  + 5 + 2  0 
T O T O
4 7 5 4
+ 3 0 + 2 4
Word statements in addition of tens and ones
 Mary has 12 eggs. Sarah has 10 eggs. How many eggs do they have altogether?
 Dan has 23 balls. Peter has 20 balls. They both have _______balls.
 There are 13 boys and 14 girls in a class. How many pupils are there altogether?
Subtraction of tens and ones
T O T O T O T O
2 4 1 6 3 2 5 4
– 4 – 5 – 2 – 2 4
T O T O
3 2 4 3
– 1 2 – 2 0
Word statements in subtraction of tens and ones
 Nakato has 24 sweets. She ate 12 of them. How many sweets remained?
 Subtract 10 from 22
 Mummy has 34 eggs. 20 eggs were bad. How many eggs were good?
 Sarah put 32 glasses on the tray. 11 glasses got broken. How many glasses were left?
P.1 NUMBER LESSON NOTES TERM II
Topical break down term II 2016
1.
Geometry
 Basic shapes
 Naming shapes
 Shapes of different objects
 Naming different things with a shape of a square eg circle
 Length
 What is length?
 Parts of the body used to measure length iii) Other things used to measure length iv) Comparing length using long, tall or short
v) Adding distance in metres (vertically and horizontally) vi) Word statements involving addition of metres vii) Subtraction of metres (horizontally and vertically viii)
Word statements in involving subtraction of metres ix) Picture interpretation about distance
 Numeration system
i)
Ordinal numbers ii)
Numbers 50 – 100 iii)
Writing numbers and number names 50 (fifty – 100) iv)
Matching numbers to their number names v)
Missing addends vi)
Grouping objects in twos vii)
Multiplying numbers by two (horizontally and vertically) viii)
Word statements involving multiplication of numbers by 2 ix)
Dividing by 2
x) Word statement involving division of numbers by 2
4.
Fractions
i) What is a fraction ii) Making and shading wholes iii) Making and shading halves iv) Making and shading quarters
 Making and shading other fractions
 Addition of fractions vii) Subtraction of fractions
5.
Measures
i) Telling times on the clock face ii) Showing the given time on the clock face iii) Addition of time in full hours (horizontally and vertically)
iv) Subtraction of time in full hours (horizontally and vertically) v) Days of the week vi) Months of the year
 Graph
i)
Picture graph ii)
Block graph
 Subtraction of numbers using a number line
 Revision of the covered work
LESSON NOTES FOR PRIMARY ONE TERM II
Topic: Geometry
Basic shapes
Triangle rectangle square
Circle cone oval
Name the shapes
a) _______
b)_____
c) _____
 ________________
 ________________ Shapes of different objects
Name different objects with a shape of a triangle
 A sacket of milk
 A roof top of a hut
 A samosa
Name different objects with a shape of a rectangle
 A door
 A chalkboard
Name different things with a shape of a square
 Top of the chair
 Wire mesh
Name different things with a shape of a circle
 A ball
 A water melon
 A clock face
 An orange
TOPIC : LENGTH
Definition
Length is the distance between two points
Parts of the body used to measure length
Hands
Fingers
Hand span
Feet
Arms
Other things we use to measure length
Ropes
Strings
Sticks
Bananfibres
Threads
Comparing length of different objects
Use long , tall or short
A B Tree A is _____________
Tree B is ________________
Stick y is _________________
Stick Z is _______________
Compare using longer, taller or shorter
Ann Tendo Ann is ____________than Tendo
Ruler M is ________than ruler N
Adding metres (horizontally)
 2 metres + 3 metres = ___________metres
 7 metres + 4 metres= __________metres
 13 metres + 6 metres = _____________metres
 9 metres + 1 meter = _____________metres
Adding metres vertically
6 metres  8 metres  4  5 m 1  0m  
+  3 metres  +  4 metres  + 2  3m + 2  4 m 
Word statements involving addition of metres
 Joy moved 3 metres. Sarah moved 4 metres.
They both moved ____________metres
 Bursar had 12 metres of a black cloth and 4 metres of a yellow cloth. How many metres of cloth had the bursar?
 Tom walked 10 metres and ran 5 metres. How many metres did he move altogether?
Subtraction of metres
 7 metres – 4 metres = ___________metrers
 9 metres – 2 meters = ___________metres
 20 m – 10 m = _________m
 13 m – 7 m = ______m
 6 metres 1 9 metres – 4 metres – 1 6metres
h) 3 2m 4 0m
– 2m – 2 0m
Word statements for subtraction of metres
 Tom had 6 metres of a red cloth. He sold 2 metres to his mother. How many metres did he remain with?
 ten metres minus six metres equals ____________metres
 Joan had a sugarcane of 12 metres . She ate a piece of 5 metres. How many metres of a sugarcane did she remain with?
Find the distance around the picture
 What is the distance from the ball to the tree?
 How far is it from the hut to the ball?
 What is the shortest distance?
 What is the longest distance?
 What is the distance between the tree and the hut?
 Find the total distance around the pictures
TOPIC: ORDINAL NUMBERS
Ordinal numbers are numbers which tell us places of position and dates correctly
Number  Word 
1st  First 
2nd  Second 
3rd  Third 
4th  Forth 
5th  Fifth 
6th  Sixth 
7th  Seventh 
8th  Eighth 
9th  Ninth 
10^{th}  Tenth 
11^{th}  Eleventh 
12^{th}  Twelfth 
13^{th}  Thirteenth 
14^{th}  Fourteenth 
15^{th}  Fifteenth 
16^{th}  Sixteenth 
17^{th}  Seventeenth 
18^{th}  Eighteenth 
19^{th}  Nineteenth 
20^{th}  Twentieth 
Activity
 Fill in the missing numbers
1^{st} , 2^{nd} ______, 4^{th} , 5^{th} , _____, ____, 8^{th}
 Write in numbers
Ninth _____________
Fifteenth _______________
Second ________________
TOPIC: NUMERATION SYSTEM Numbers 50 – 100
50, 51, 52,
53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60,61,62,63,64,65,66,67,68,69,70,71,72,73,74,75,76,77, 78,79,80,81,82,83,84,85,86,87,88,89,90,91,92,93,94,95,96,97,98,99,100
Writing numbers and their number names
 fifty 63 sixty three
 fifty one 64 ____________
 fifty two 65 _______________
 ___________ 66 _______________
 ___________ 67 _______________
 _______________ 68 sixty eight
 fifty six 69 sixty nine
 ______________ 70 seventy
 ______________ 71 __________
 ____________ 72 _______________
 sixty 80 eighty 61 sixty one 90 ninety
62 ____________ 100 one hundred
Activity
Match numbers to their number names
76 ninety one
50 one hundred
91 seventy six
100 fifty
Missing addends
Find the missing numbers
Example 1
2+3 = 5+3 = 4+5 = 10 + 7 =
Teacher will give examples in groups and individually then give an activity
Example 2
2 + 3 = 5 6 + 2 = 8
Note: Draw balls for the bigger number and cross balls for the smaller number
Teacher will help pupils with more examples then give an activity
Example 3
4 + 5 = 9 5 + 2 = 7
Note: Draw balls for the bigger number and cross for the small number, the remaining balls are the answer.
Grouping in twos
Grouping objects in twos
1 two =
2 twos =
3 twos =
Multiplying numbers by 2 (horizontally)
And more of this work up to 12
And more of this work to be given to pupils
Word problems with multiplication of numbers by 2
a) Juma has 2 eyes. How many eyes have 4 boys?
4 x 2 = 8
One girl has 2 ears. How many ears do 3 girls have?
3 x 2 = 6
A hen has 2 legs. How many legs do 6 hens have?
6 x 2 = 12
Put 2 eggs on each plate. How many eggs are on 5 plates?
5 x 2 = 10
Dividing numbers by 2
 2 ÷ 2 = 1 b) 8 ÷ 2 = 4
d) 4 ÷ 2 = _____
f) g)
2 2
Teacher will give more numbers
Word problem involving division of numbers by 2
Share 6 mangoes between 2 girls. How many does each get?
6 ÷ 2 = 3 mangoes
 ten divided by 2 equals
10 ÷ 2 = 5
 Share 16 sweets equally between 2 boys
 Daddy had 8 bananas. He shared them between 2 children. How many bananas did each child get?
8 ÷ 2 = 4
Teacher will give more examples, then an activity
ACCIDETNS AND SAFETY FRACTIONS
What is a fraction?
A fraction is part of a whole
New words
Whole Half Shade Fraction Quarter
A whole apple A whole orange A whole banana
One of the two equal parts cut is called a half.
Teacher will help pupils cut different fractions from different whole and name them. (practically)
Note: The parts cut must be of the same size.
Name the shaded fraction (work will be prepared and pasted in pupils’ books)
Making and shading wholes
A whole triangle
A whole circle
A whole pawpaw
Making and shading halves
= ½ a half
= ½ a half
Making and shading quarters
= ¼ a quarter
= ¼ a quarter
= ¼ a quarter
Making and shading other fractions
1/ 3 a third
= 1 /3 a third
= 3/ 6
= 2/4
Addition of fractions
2 + 1 = 3 Note: Add numbers on top only and choose 5 5 5 one number from those down.
4 + 2 = 4+2 = 6
8 8 8 8
More work will be given to pupils following the above examples
Subtraction of fractions
 – 2 = 32 = 1 note: Subtract numbers up, then
 4 4 4 choose one number from down
 – 5 = ____ 4 – 2 =
 8 10 10
 – 1 = 5 – 1 =
 3 7 7
Teacher will give more work following the above examples
TOPIC: MEASURES TIME Telling time on a clock face
A clock face has 2 or more hands on it
A short hand is the hour hand
A long hand is the minute hand
They both move around the clock but one moves faster than the other When the long hand move and point straight in 12, the time will be that number the short one is pointing to.
It is 4 o’clock
More work on telling time
Work will be done and pasted in their books Showing time on a clock face.
It I 9 o’clock It is 2 o’clock
More work to be done on papers and pasted in their books
Adding time in full hours
5 hours + 3 hours = ___________hours
8 hours + 2 hours = _________hours
2 hours + 4 hours = __________hours
3 hours 6 hours  7 hours  
+ 4 hours + 7 hours  +  5 hours 
Subtraction of time in full hours 9 hours – 4 hours = ___________hours 8 hours – 3 hours = __________hours 12 hours – 8 hours = __________hours
9hours 10 hours – 6 hours – 8 hours 
–  12 hours 4 hours 
Days of the week
We have seven days in a week.
All days of the week have names beginning with capital letter Sunday is the first day of the week.
Monday is the second day of the week
Tuesday is the third day of the week
Wednesday is the fourth day of the week
Thursday is the fifth day of the week
Friday is the sixth day of the week
Saturday is the seventh day of the week
Fill in the missing days of the week
 Sunday, Monday, __________, ________________, _________, Friday
 Thursday, Wednesday, ______, ________, __________
 When do Christians go for prayers?
 Moslems pray on _______________
 The seventh day Adventists pray on _____________
 On ______________________Christians go for prayers.
Note: 60 minutes = 1 hour
24 hours = one day
7 days = 1 week
2 weeks = fortnight
4 weeks = 1 month
12 months = one year
Months of the year
There are twelve months of the year
January  1st 
February  2nd 
March  3rd 
April  4th 
May  5th 
June  6th 
July  7th 
August  8th 
September  9th 
October  10^{th} 
November  11^{th} 
December  12^{th} 
Activity
 How many months make a year?
 Fill in the missing letters
Jan_____ary Feb___u___ry J____ne A____ ____ust
 Fill in the missing months of the year
January , February, ___________, __________________May
August , September, _______________, __________________, December
GRAPHS Graph 1
Teacher will help pupils get the ideas of graph from real objects
 How many flowers has Alum?
 Who has three flowers?
 How many flowers do they have altogether?
Questions
 How many apples does Loy have?
 Who has three apples?
 How many apples do they have altogether?
 Who has most apples?
 Who has the least number of apples?
Graph 3
A farmer planted trees on different days
Monday 

Tuesday  
Wednesday 

Questions
 How many trees were planted on Tuesday?
 On which day did he plant the least number of trees?
 How many trees did he plant on Monday?
 How many trees did he plant altogether?
Study the graph and answer the questions that follow
Five children have boxes
Tom  Tonny  Tina  Tasha  Trinity 
Questions
 How many boxes does Tonny have?
 Who have the same number of boxes?
 How many boxes has Trinity?
 How many boxes do they have altogether?
Use a number line to get the answer
b) 9 – 7 = _______
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
More work will be given.
Revision of the covered work.
Topical breakdown for term III MEASUREMENTS
1.
Weight(mass)
i) What is weight? ii) Things we use to weigh iii) Comparing weight iv) Addition of weight – vertically and horizontally v) Word statements involving addition vi) Subtraction of weights – vertically and horizontally vii) Word statements involving subtraction
 Capacity
 What is capacity ii) Examples of liquids iii) Objects/containers we use to measure liquids iv) Comparing capacity
v) Measuring using non standard units vi) The standard unit for capacity vii) Addition in litres viii)
Word statements (addition) ix) Subtraction in litres
 Work statements (subtraction)
 Mixed exercises of addition and subtraction
 Addition with regrouping
 Add two digit numbers with regrouping ii) Word statements (addition)
 Money
i) What is money? ii) History of money iii) Uganda currency iv) Features on money v) Comparing money vi) Addition of money vii) Word statements viii)
Subtraction of money ix) Word statements
 Shopping
 Mathematical statements on addition
i)
Subtraction ii)
Multiplication iii)
Division iv)
Number families
v) Multiplication by 3 vi) Division by 3 vii) Multiplication by 3 viii)
Division by 3
LESSON NOTES FOR PRIMARY ONE TERM III
Topic: Measures
Weight (mass)
 What is weight?
 Weight is how heavy or light something is
 We can tell how heavy or light something is after weighing it
 We can weigh some objects using non standard tools eg. Tins, baskets, pots etc
 We measure mass (weight) in kilograms (kg) and grams (g)
 Examples of things we weigh
 Sugar –
Maize flour  Peas –
Bread –
Salt –
Beans  Meat –
Rice  Millet –
Cassava flour
Comparing weight using heavy or light
 A stone is _________________
 A paper is _______________
 A table is _____________
 A feather is ___________
 A brick is ____________
 A pen is ______________
Comparing weight using heavier than or lighter than
Table cup
 A table is ______________________a cup.
 A cup is ____________________a table.
pencil stone
 A pencil is _______________________a stone
 A stone is ____________________a pencil.
Tom
Juma
 Juma is __________________Tom
 Tom is ______________________Juma
Addition of mass in kilograms
a) 1 kg + 3 kg = b) 9kg + 2 kg =
c) 7kg + 2 kg + 4kg d) 8kg + 0kg + 5kg =
e) 9kg f) 8kg g) 1 0 kg 2 1kg + 5kg 4kg + 1 3kg + 1 5kg
+ 2kg
Word statements involving addition of mass
Aunt bought 3kg of sugar. Uncle bought 5kg of sugar
How many kilograms did they buy altogether?
Joan had 7kg of salt. Dan had 9kg of salt. How many kilograms did they have altogether?
Add 12kg plus 10kg.
Subtraction of mass in kilograms
10kg – 4kg = _____kg  b) 12kg – 9kg =____kg  
7kg – 2kg = ____kg  d) 14kg – 7 kg = _____kg  
8kg 9kg  14kg 11kg  
–  4kg – 3kg  – 4kg – 10kg 
Word statements
 Subtract 9kg – 5kg
 Daddy bought 14kg of meat. We ate 6kg. How many kilograms remained?
 There were 34kg of rice in the basket. Mummy cooked 20kg. How many kilograms remained?
Capacity
What is capacity?
Capacity is the amount of liquid a container can hold.
Examples of liquids
 Water
 Milk
 Juice
 Paraffin
 Tea
 Petrol
 Diesel
 Glue
 Cooking oil
Container used to measure liquids
 Bottles
 Jugs
 Jerrycans
 Basins
 Cups
 Glasses
 Tins
 Gourd
 Bucket
Comparing capacity using less or more
Bottle tin
 Which object carries more water?
 Which object carries less water?
Drum jerrcan
 Which container holds more water?
 Which container holds less water?
Reference MK 1 page 102
Measuring using standard units
We measure liquids in litres (1) other measure are milliliters (ml)i.e medicine , water, soda, juice
Practical measuring of water in different quantities
 A plastic mug holds ½ of water
 A small plastic bottle holds ½ litre of water
 A bottle of beer contains ½ litres of beer
Activity
 How many mugs of water can fill five litre bottles?
 How many mugs of water can fill a one litre bottle?
Reference MK nk 2 page 150 Adding in litres (vertically and horizontally)
 1 litre + 2 litres = 3 litres
 4 litres + 3 litres _____litres
 5 litres + 2 litres = _____litres
2 5 litres  3  3 litres  
+ 2 3litres  +  5  0 litres 
Ref: MK bk 2 page 151
Word problems involving addition of litres
a) Juma had 2 litres of milk. He added 4 litres of water in milk. How many litres did he get altogether?
________________________________________________________________ b) Tom had 8 litres of water. He bought more 2 litres of water. How many litres did he buy altogether?
________________________________________________________________ c) Grace has 7 litres of soda. Akello has 5 litres of soda. How many litres do they have altogether?
________________________________________________________________ Subtracting litres horizontally and vertically
 10 litres – 1 litre =_________ litres
 15 litres – 7 litres = ________litres
 12 litres – 3 litres = _________litres
 8 litres e) 5 litres
– 3 litres – 2 litres
f) 4 8 litres g) 3 7 litres
– 2 6 litres 2 0 litres
Word problems involving subtraction of litres
 Mummy had 8 litres of milk. She sold 2 litres. How many litres did she remain with?
________________________________________________________________
 Sarah had 16 litres of oil. She used 7 litres to fry pancakes. How many litres remained?
________________________________________________________________ Mixed exercises on addition and subtraction of litres
 6 litres + 4 litres =_________ litres
 5 litres + 2 litres = ________litres
 10 litres – 5 litres = _________litres
 1 0litres e) 1 4 litres f) 2 4 litres
– 2 litres 1 0litres + 1 1 litres
Addition with regrouping (carrying)
T O T O T O
1 8 1 9 6 9
+ 3 + 4 6
2 1 2 3
11 13 15
Exercise
T O T O T O
3 7 5 4 8 9
+ 4 + 8 + 9
Adding two digit numbers to two digit numbers with regrouping
Exercise
T O T O
4 5 6 9
+ 4 5 + 6
6 0
_{ }10 14
Exercise
T O T O T O
4 6 5 7 2 9
+ 2 8 + 1 4 + 3 7
TOPIC: MONEY
Money :This is what we use to buy what we want.
Discuss the use of money
History of money
Long ago, people used to exchange goods for goods and services for services (barter trade). Later, they introduced cowrie shells.
When the Indians came, they introduced rupees. The rupees also got expired and now we have the present currency called shillings.
Currency used by different countries
Uganda  –  shillings 
Kenya  –  shillings 
England  –  pounds 
America  –  Dollars 
Rwanda  –  Farang 
Nigeria  –  Naira 
There are two forms of money used in Uganda
These are
 Coins
 Notes (paper money)
Coins
50shillings coin
100 shillings coin
200 shillings coin
500 shillings coin
1000 shillings coin
Notes:
1000 shillings note
2000 shillings note
5000 shillings note
10,000 shillings note
20,000 shillings note 50,000 shillings note Features on money
a) A coin of 50 shillings has a head of a cob and the coat of arms a coin of 100 shillings – a cow and a coat of arms a coin of 200 shillings – a fish
a coin of 500 shillings – a head of a crested crane a coin of 1000 shillings – a crested crane
Changing money/ comparing different money denominations
Shs. 100 = shs 50 + shs. 50
Shs. 200 = shs. _____ + shs ____ +shs. ____ + shs. ______ a) Shs. 300 = shs. _______ + shs. _______ + shs. _______
 How many coins of 100 make shs. 200?
 How many coins of 100 make shs. 500?
Addition of money vertically and horizontally
 i) Shs. 100 + Shs. 100 = Shs 200 ii) Shs. 100 + Shs. 100 = __________ iii) Shs. 500 + Shs. 200 = __________
 i) shs. 50 ii) shs. 150
+ shs 50 + shs. 50
 Jane had shs. 200. Peter had shs. 300. How much money do they have altogether?
 There are shs. 400 in the tin and shs. 200 in the box. How much money is there altogether?
 Tom picked shs. 500 on the way to school. john picked shs. 300. How much money do they have altogether?
Subtraction of money
shs. 600  ii) shs. 700  iii) shs. 300  
–  shs 400  shs. 200  200 
Ref : Mk Bk 2 page 127
Oxford Primary MTC Bk 2 page 58
Word problems involving subtraction of money
 You have shs. 500. You spent Shs. 200. How much is left?
shs. 500 – shs 200
 You have Shs. 200. You have spent shs. 100. How much is left?
shs. 200
– shs 100
 Eva had shs. 300. She lost shs. 100. How much money did she remain with?
shs. 300
– shs 100
 Susan had shs. 700. She bought a ruler at shs. 300. How much money did she remain with?
shs. 700 – shs 300
Lesson SHOPPING
An apple an egg an orange a cup
Shs. 500 shs. 200 shs. 150 shs. 300
 What is the cost of an egg?
 Which item costs shs. 300?
 A ______________costs shs. 500.
 What is the cost of an egg and a cup?
 Study the price list and answer the questions
Item Price
Pencil shs. 50 each
Sweet shs. 50 each
Book shs.100 each
Matchbox shs. 50 each
Ice cream shs. 500 each
Questions
 How much is a pencil?
 What is the cost of a sweet?
 How much is a tin of ice cream?
 How much will one pay for two match boxes?
 What is the cheapest item?
 A ______________is the most expensive item .
51
TOPIC: NUMBER FAMILIES
Number families of 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Which two numbers add up to 2
First list all the numbers from 0 up to 2
2
Choose the first and the last numbers
O + 2 = 2
 + 1 = 2
 + 0 = 2
Which pairs of numbers add up to 4?
O + 4 = 4
 + 3 = 4
 + 2 = 4
4 + 0 = 4
3 + 1 = 4
Which pairs of numbers add up to 4?
O + 5 = 5
 + 4 = 5
 + 3 = 5
 + 2 = 5
 + 1 = 5
 + 0 = 5
Up to 1
TOPIC: MULTIPLICATION BY 3
1. Grouping in threes.
 group of three = 3
 groups of three = _________
 threes = _________
Up to 12
Multiplying numbers by 3 [ horizontally ]
Example
And more of this work up to 12
Multiplying numbers by 3 [ vertically ]
1 3 7 1 2 x 3 x 3 x 3 x 3
More of this work to be given to pupils
Word problems with multiplication by 3
 A stool has 3 legs. How many legs. How many legs do 2 stools
have? 6
2 x 3 = _______ legs.
 There are 3 eggs in a tray
How many eggs are there in 4 trays?
3 x 4 = 12 eggs
TOPIC: DIVISION OF NUMBERS BY 3
Dividing numbers by 3 [ horrizontally]
3
 ÷ 3 = ________ 9 ÷ 3 = ________
4
12 ÷ 3 = _______
Dividing numbers by 3 [vertically ]
 3
1
3 21 3 3 3 9
Teacher will give more examples and then an activity
Word problems involving division of numbers by 3
 Mummy had 6 bananas. She shared them equally among 3 children. How many bananas did each get?
6 ÷ 3 = ______ 2
Each child got 2 bananas
 Nine divide by three equals _____________
 Share 12 pencils equally among 3 boys
12 ÷ 3 = _______
Each child get 4 pencils
d) What do we get when we share 3 apples equally among 3 girls?
3 ÷ 3 = _______ apple 1
TOPIC: MATHEMATICAL STATEMENTS
Mathematical statements on addition
Words used in addition
 Add – Total
 Altogether – Plus
 And – Put together
 Both – More
 Sum
 Two plus five equals _________________________________
 What is the sum of three, two and four?
__________________________________________________ c) Jane has four apples. John has three apples
How many apples do they have altogether? ____________________________________________________ d) Find the total of five and six oranges
__________________________________________________ e) What is six and four?
___________________________________________________
 Tom had six books. Teo had five books. Both had ___________books altogether.
 Daddy had 2 sweets. Mummy gave him more 7 sweets. How many sweets did daddy have altogether?
________________________________________________________________
Mathematical statements on subtraction
Words used in subtraction
 Subtraction – Minus
 Take away – Remain
 Less – Remove
 Subtract 4 mangoes from 11 mangoes _______________________________________________________________
 What is 8 take away zero
_______________________________________________________________
 Twelve minus six equals ________________________________________
 What is four less two? __________________________________________
 A hen had 8 eggs. Five eggs were broken. How many eggs remained?__________________________________________________________
 Remove 4 pens from 10 pens. How many pens remain?
________________________________________________________________
Mathematical statements on the multiplication
Words used in multiplication
 Multiplication
 groups of
 times
Note: teacher will give examples using words above.
Mathematical statements on division
Words used in division
Share
Divide
Among
Equally Between give
Note : Teacher will give examples using words above.