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READING FOR COMPREHENSION

Comprehension
  1. Read the following passage carefully and then answer the questions which follow:
The number of children seen loitering in cities and towns increases day after day. Between 1960 and 1970, very few of these were seen in Tanzania. However, from 1970 to date, their number has drastically increased. There are many questions we should ask ourselves concerning street children. For example, why do we have them? Where do they come from? Do they have parents? How do they live in the street?
Some of the questions are not easy to answer. However, there are some reasons why we have street children. One of the reasons could be the death of parents or guardians. The course of death nowadays could be AIDS. Due to ignorance some relative refuse to live with such orphans for fear that they may infect them with the disease. Other relatives are reluctant to add children to their families and see them as a burden. There are also relatives who do not want responsibilities. The unfortunate children, therefore, end up in the streets.
There are many other reasons that make children run away from into the streets. Some parents are too strict or cruel. They punish their children severely for even the slightest or mistakes. In order to escape this torture and brutality, the abused children run away. Other parents are just irresponsible and do not fulfill their children’s needs and rights. Such parents may not be poor, so they do this through negligence. When children discover that their parents cannot meet their needs and deny them their rights they flee to the streets.
Separation or divorce due to drunkenness, harassment or other misunderstandings may be another reason for street children. The children do not get parental love and care and decide not to stay with either of their parents.
Inadequate knowledge on family planning could also contribute to having street children. As the family keeps on growing, parents fail to sustain and provide for their children
Such children miss their basics necessities and decide to go to the streets to fend for themselves.
Lastly, there are stubborn children who, whatever their parents do to them mentally, physically and materially, are never satisfied. They desire to live like children of rich families. As they are not satisfied, they go to the street just to search for “better lives”. These children are just rebels.
There are many other reasons why some children find themselves living in streets. What the community should do to limit the number of street children is: First, to educate the parents on family planning. Second, parents should know that children have the right to be loved and taken care of, the right to education and to be listened to. Children also should know that they have to obey their parents and elders.
Questions
2. Choose the best answer
(i) Street children are__________.
(a)Children born in the street
(b) Homeless children
(c)Orphans.
(d) Children without parents.
(ii) Where are street children mostly found? In________.
(a)Village
(b)Homes
(c) Big cities
(d)Schools

(iii) The word “loitering” simply means ____________.
(a) Walking fast in busy streets.
(b) Walking about doing nothing.
(c) Dancing in the street.
(d) Playing in the streets.

(iv)Which of the following statement is true according to the passage?
(a)Parents should not punish children
(b)Street child
ren suffer from AIDS
(c)Street children are all orphan
(d)Irresponsible parents neglect their children

(v) A child whose parents died of AIDS __________.
(a) Can become street child.
(b) Must become a street child.
(c) Also suffer from AIDS.
(d) Does not need other people’s love.
(vi) Children whose parents died of AIDS_____________.
(a) Their parents are not strict.
(b) Their parents give them their rights.
(c) Their parents do not have money.
(d) They miss parental care and love.
(vii) All street children ____________.
(a) Have been mistreated by their parents.
(b) Have disobeyed their parents.
(c) Are orphans.
(d) Were forced into the streets by different problems.
(viii) Who is to blame for the condition of the street children ____________.
(a) The AIDS disease.
(b) The parents or guardian.
(c) The children themselves.
(d) All the three above.
(xi) One way of reducing street children suggested by the author is to____________.
(a) Assist parents’ separation.
(b) Encourage parental negligence.
(c) Educate parents on family planning.
(d) Punish the children.
(x) Suggest a suitable title for the passage ____________.
(a) Orphans.
(b) Homeless children.
(c) Children in cities.
(d) Village children.
3. With reference to the passage you have read, answer the following questions:
(i)Give one reason why relatives refuse to live with children who have lost their parents through AIDS.______________________
(ii)Mention two reasons why some children run away from home to live in the streets_____

(iii)What can the community do to help street children? Give one solution._____________




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EcoleBooks | ENGLISH LANGUAGE O LEVEL(FORM TWO) NOTES - READING FOR COMPREHENSION

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2 Comments

  • EcoleBooks | ENGLISH LANGUAGE O LEVEL(FORM TWO) NOTES - READING FOR COMPREHENSION

    ANDY BASHIR, April 9, 2024 @ 8:22 am Reply

    I really appreciate for this

  • EcoleBooks | ENGLISH LANGUAGE O LEVEL(FORM TWO) NOTES - READING FOR COMPREHENSION

    Harrison Katebe, March 17, 2024 @ 7:50 am Reply

    Nice data,but i want someone to help me how to teach structure,more especially on Re-writes

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