Share this:


CONTROL ACCOUNT

Due to their small number of business transactions small firms can operate effectively with one ledger.
Large business firms have a large number of transactions and find it necessary to maintain separate ledgers for control purchases
In this case the ledger is divided into two main parts namely
Ø Personal ledger
Ø Impersonal ledger
The personal ledger
Consists of the amount of persons and the organization as a whole which have either supplied to receive goods or services from the firm on credit, these are;-
a) Debtors control accounts or sales ledger control a/c
b) Creditors control account or purchases ledger control a/c
ADVANTAGES
a) Errors can be traced to individuals
b) Being a summary: control accounts are a quick source of reference for amount owing to and by the firm
INFORMATION FOR THE CONTROL ACCOUNTS
1. SALES LEDGER CONTROL ACCOUNTS
a) Opening balance
-From list of debtors balance at the end of previous ledgers
b) Credit sales
– From sales day book
c) Returns inwards
-From return inward day book.
d) Cheques or cash received
-From the cash book
e) Closing balance
-List of debtors balance drawn up at the end of the trading period
CONSTRUCTING SALES LEDGER CONTROL A/C OR
DEBTORS CONTROL A/C
D Date
Details
Amount
Date
Details
Amount

Balance b/d
xxx
Returns inwards
xxx
Credit sales
xxx
Discount allowed
xxx
Bills received
xxx
Cash /bank received
xxx
Cheque dishonored
xxx
Bad debts w/o
xxx
Carriage charge
xxx
Bills receivable
xxx
Refund on over due
xxx
Set off [purchase ledger]
xxx
Balance c/d
xxx
xxxx
xxxx
Balance c/d
xxx
Example
You are required to prepare a sales ledger control a/c from the following details May 1st sales ledger balance 4,936
31 returns inwards journal…………………………1,139
Sales journal …………………………………………49,916
Cash and cheque received from customers …..46,490
Discount allowed ………………………………..1455
May 31 sales ledger balance C/D ………………. 5,768

Dr SALES LEDGER CONTROL A/C Cr
D Date
Details
Amount
Date
Details
Amount
1.5
Balance b/d
4,936
31.5
Returns inwards
1139
Credit sales
49,916
Discount allowed
1,455
Cash /bank received
46,490
Balance c/d

5,768
54,852
54,852
Balance b/d
5,768
EXERCISE
Prepare a sales ledger control a/c from the following information of July 1999, carrying down the balance at 31july.
July 1 sales ledger balance 9,700
Sales journal 99,280
Bad debts written off 279
Cheque received from debtors 95,120
Discount allowed 1,285
Cheque dishonored 226
Returns inwards 3,170
Set off against balance in purchases ledger 400
Dr SALES LEDGER CONTROL A/C Cr
Date
Details
Amount
Date
Details
Amount
1.7
Balance b/d
9,700
31.7
Bad debts
279
Credit sales

99,280
Bank
95,120
Cheque dishonored
226
Discount allowed
1,285
Returns inwards
3,170
Set off
400
Balance c/d
8,952
109,206
109,206
1.8
Balance b/d
8,952
2. PURCHASES LEDGER CONTROL A/C
Opening balance
-List of creditors balance drawn
Credit purchases
-From purchases day book
Returns outwards
-From the returns outwards journal
Cash /cheque paid
-From the cash book
Closing balance
-List of creditors balances drawn up at the end of the trading period.
Dr PURCHASES LEDGER CONTROL A/C Cr
Date
Details
Amount
Date
Details
Amount
Returns outwards
xxx
Balance b/d
xxx
Discount received
xxx

Credit purchases
xxx
Cash /cheque paid
xxx
Set off
xxx
Bills payable
xxx
Balance c/d
xxx
xxx

xxx
Balance b/d
xxx

TRANSACTION WHICH ARE NEITHER RECORDED IN SALES LEDGER NOR PURCHASES LEDGER CONTROL ACCOUNTS.
I. Cash purchases during the year
II. Cash sales during the year
III. Provision for bad debts
IV. Cash allowance made to customer (allowance made to customer)
V. Discount on cash sales
VI. Discount on cash purchases
VII. Bills payable (honored/paid)
VIII. Bill receivable (received)

Example
You are required to prepare a purchase ledger control account for the following information
January 1
Purchases ledger balance 3,676
Purchases journal 42,257
Returns outward journal 1,098
Cheque paid to suppliers 3,875
Discount received 887
Dr PURCHASES LEDGER CONTROL A/C Cr

Date
Details
Amount
Date
Details
Amount
1.11
Returns outwards
1,098
31.11
Balance b/d

3,676
Discount received
887
Credit purchases
42,257
Cash /cheque paid
3,875
Balance c/d
40,073
45,933
45,933
Balance b/d
40,073
EXERCISE
1. You are required to prepare a sales ledger control a/c from the following information for the month of November 2010
November 1
Sales ledger balance 24,000
Total for November
Sales day book 14,000
Returns inwards day book 1,000
Cheque and cash received from customer 18,000
Discount allowed 500
Sales ledger balances 18,500
Dr SALES LEDGER CONTROL A/C Cr
Date
Details
Amount
Date
Details
Amount
1.11
Balance b/d
24,000
31.11
Returns inwards
1,000
Credit sales
14,000
Bank and cash
18,000
Discount allowed
500
Balance c/d

18,500
38000
38000
Balance b/d
18,500
2. You are required to prepare purchases ledger control a/c from the following information for April, the balance of account is to be taken as amount of account payable on 30th April 2011.
April 1
Purchases ledger balance 11,241
Total for April
Purchases day book 6,100
Returns outwards day book 246
Cheque paid to suppliers 8300
30 purchases ledger balance ?
Discount received from suppliers 749
Dr PURCHASES LEDGER CONTROL A/C Cr
Date
Details
Amount
Date
Details
Amount
31.4
Returns outwards
246
1.4
Balance b/d
11,241

Bank
8,300
31.4
Credit purchases
6,100
Discount allowed
749
Balance c/d
8,046
17,341
17,341
1.5
Balance b/d
8,046
EXAMPLE
The following figures were taken from the books of gold company limited 1st January 1990
Balance on sales ledger Dr 112,320
Balance on sales ledger Cr 1,470
Balance on purchases ledger Dr 1,180
Balances on purchases ledger CR 72,280
Transaction up 31st December 1990
Sales to customers on credit 108,450
Cash sales during the year 20,000
Purchases on credit for supplier 63,250
Cash purchase 30,000
Allowances made to customers 1,870
Goods returned to suppliers 1,230
Cash received from customer 96,450
Bad debts [written off] 850
Discount allowed to customer 4,960
Discounted allowed by supplier 4,120
Cash paid to the supplier 61,420
Cash paid to customer 250
Transfer from sales ledger to purchases ledger 5,980
Transfer from purchases ledger to sale ledger 2,140
Legal and other expenses charged to customers 350
Balance on sales ledger Cr 1100
Balance on purchases DR 890
Required
Prepare sales ledger control a/c and Purchases ledger control A/C.
Dr SALES LEDGER CONTROL A/C Cr
Date
Details
Amount
Date
Details
Amount
1.1.90
Balance b/d
112,320
1.1.90
Balance b/d
1,470
Credit sales
108,450
Allowance
1,870
Cash repaid
250
Cash receivable
96,450
Legal cost and expenses
350
Bad debts
850
Balance c/d
1100
Discount allowed
4,960
To purchases ledger
5,980
From purchases ledger
2,140
Balance c/d
107,650
221,370
221,370
1.1.91
Balance b/d
107,650
1.1.91
Balance b/d
1,100
Dr PURCHASES LEDGER CONTROL A/C Cr
Date
Details
Amount
Date
Details
Amount
1.1.90
Balance b/d
1,180
1.1.90
Balance b/d
72,280
31.1.90
Returns outward
1,230
31.12.90
Credit purchases
63,250
Discount received
4,120
Balance c/d
890
Cash paid
61,420
From Sales ledger
5,980
To Sales ledger
2,140
Balance c/d
60,350
136,420
136,420
1.191
Balance b/d
890
1.1.91
Balance b/d
60,350
EXERCISE
You are required to prepare a purchases ledger control a/c from the following information for the month April 2011.
April 1
Purchases ledger balance 11,241
Total for April
Purchases day book 6,100
Returns outward day book 246
Cheque paid to the supplier 8300
Discount received from supplier 249
30 purchases balance
?
Dr PURCHASES LEDGER CONTROL A/C Cr
Date
Details
Amount
Date
Details
Amount
Returns outwards
246
1.4
Balance b/d
11,241
Cheque paid
8,300
Credit purchases
6100
Discount received
749
30.4
Balance c/d
8,046
17,341
17,341

1.5
Balance b/d
8,046
EXERCISE 2.
Prepare a sales ledger a/c from the following information 2012.
March 1
Debt balance 12,000
Total information
Cash and cheque received from bank 9,000
Discount allowed 11,000
Debit balance in the sales ledger set off against credit balance in the purchases ledger 100
31 debit balance ?
Credit balance 50
Dr SALES LEDGER CONTROL A/C Cr

Date
Details
Amount
Date
Details
Amount
1.3
Balance b/d
12,000
Cash and bank
11,000
Credit sales
9,000
Discount allowed
1,000
31.12
Balance c/d
50
Set off
100
Balance c/d
8,950
21050
21050
1.4
Balance b/d
8,950
Balance b/d
50
EXERCISE 3
You are required to prepare control a/c from the following;-
Jan 1
Purchases ledger balance 11,874
Sales ledger balance 19,744
Total for the year
Purchases journal 154,562
Sales journal 199,662
Returns outwards journal 2,648
Returns inwards journal 4,556
Cheque paid to the supplier 146,100
Petty cash paid to the supplier 78
Cheque and cash received from customer 185,960
Discount allowed 5830
Discount received 213
Dr PURCHASED LEDGER CONTROL A/C Cr
Date
Details
Amount
Date
Details
Amount
Returns outwards
2,648
1.1
Balance b/d
11,874
Cheque paid
146,100
Credit purchases
154,562
Cash paid
78
Discount received
2,134
31.12
Balance c/d
15,476
166,436
166,436
1.2
Balance b/d
15,476
Dr SALES LEDGER CONTROL A/C Cr
Date
Details
Amount
Date

Details
Amount
1.01
Balance b/d
147,44
Returns inwards
4,556
Credit sales
199,662
Cash and cheque
185,960
Discount allowed
5,430

Balance c/d
23,060
219,406
219,406
1.02
Balance b/d
23,060




ecolebooks.com

Share this:


EcoleBooks | BOOK KEEPING O LEVEL(FORM THREE) NOTES - CONTROL ACCOUNT

subscriber

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Accept Our Privacy Terms.*