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Introduction

  • Farm tools and equipment perform specific jobs in the farm.
  • They make work easier and more efficient.
  • They can be classified according to their uses as follows:

 

Garden Tools and Equipment

 

Tools

Uses

1.

Panga

Cutting and shallow cultivation, making holes.

2.

Jembe/hand hoe

Cultivation, digging, shallow planting holes and trenches.

3.

Fork iembe

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Cultivation, digging out roots, harvesting of root crops.

4.

Rake

Collecting trash, breaking large clods, levelling, removing stones

  

from a seedbed and spreading organic manure.

5.

Spade

Scooping and carrying of soil, sand, concrete mixture and

  

manure.

6.

Spring balance

Measuring weight.

7.

Trowel

Scooping seedlings during transplanting and .digging planting

  

holes for seedlings.

8.

Pruning hook

Bending tall branches when pruning.

9.

Secateur

Cutting young stems and pruning branches.

10. Tape measure

Measuring distances.

11. Axe

Cutting big trees and roots and splitting logs of wood.

12. Soil auger

Making holes for fencing posts.

13. mattock

Digging hard soils

14. sprinklers

Overhead irrigation.

15. Watering can

Watering plants in nursery bed.

16. Wheel barrow

Transportation of soil, fertilizers, farm produce, tools and equipment.

17. Levelling board

For levelling a nursery bed.

18. Pruning saw

Cutting old wood stems and pruning big branches.

19. Hose pipe

For conveying water from a tap to where it is need.

20. Knap sack sprayer

Applying agro-chemical by spraying.

21. Garden shear

Trimming hedges.

22. Pruning knife

Removal of small shoots.

23. Meter ruler

Measuring distances.

24. Garden fork

Shallow digging.

 

Livestock Production Tools and Equipment

Tools Uses 1. Drenching gun Administering liquid drugs to animals orally. 2. Bolus gun/dosing gun Administering solid drugs or tablets to animals orally. 3. Wool Shears Cutting off wool from sheep. 4. Hypodermic syringe Administering drugs by injection for example in vaccination. 5. Stirrup (bucket) pump Application of acaricide by hand spraying. 6. Thermometer Taking body temperatures of farm animals. 7. Burdizzo Used in bloodless method of castration. 8. Halter Rope designed to restrain the animal. 9. Trimming knife Cutting short the overgrown hooves. Elastrator Stretching rubber ring during castration, dehorning and docking of lambs. Iron dehorner Applies heat on the horn bud to prevent growth of horns. Nose ring Fixed into the nose of a bull to restrain it. Strip cup Detecting mastitis in milk products. Trocar and cannula Relieving a bloated animal of gases particularly ruminants. Hard broom For scrubbing the floor. Ear notcher Making ear notches in livestock. Bucket For holding milk during milking. ~ Milk chum For holding milk after milking. Milk strainer/sieve Removing foreign particles from milk for example hairs and sediments. Rope Tying or tethering animals. Milking stool Used by the milker to sit on while milking. Weighing balance Weighing milk after milking. Teeth clipper Removal of canine teeth of piglets soon after birth. Chaff cutter Cutting fodder into small bits. Dehorning wire Cutting grown horns. ,

Workshop Tools and Equipment

Tools Uses 1. Spanner Tightening and loosening nuts and bolts. 2. Pliers Cutting small wires and thin metal and gripping firmly. 3. Files Sharpening tools, smoothening or shaping edges of metals, 4. Rasps Smoothening and shaping of wooden structures. 5. Chisels (wood) Making grooves in wood. 6. Cold chisel Cutting and shaping metal. 7. Screw drivers Driving screws in or out of wood or metal. 8. Saws .- Cross cut saw Cutting across the grain of wood. Rip saw Cutting along the grain of wood. Hack saw Bow saw Cutting metals. Tenonlback saw Cutting branches of trees. Coping saw Cutting Joints on wood and fine sawing. Compass/keyhole saw Cutting curves on thin wood. Cutting either along or across the grain of wood especially when cutting key holes. 9. Tin snip Cutting metal sheets. 10. Braces and bits. Boring holes in wood. , 11. Drill and bits Boring holes in metal work and woodwork. = 12. Hammer Claw hammer Driving in, removing and straightening nails. Ball pein Driving in nails, rivets and straightening metal. Also used on cold chisel 13. Mallet Hammering or hitting wood chisel. 14. Jack plane Fine finishing of wood. 15. Scrappers/spokeshave Smoothening curved surfaces of wood such as handles of jembes, axes. 16. Measuring equipment ~ Metre ruler Measuring short length -. Try square Measuring length angles and to ascertain squareness. 17. Marking gauge Marking parallel lines to the edge of wood. 18. Fencing pliers Cutting wires, hammering staples when fencing. 19. Vice and clamps Firmly holding pieces of work together.
Tools Uses 20. Spirit level Measuring horizontal or vertical levels. 2l. Soldering gun Melting soldering rods when repairing or fabricating metal sheets. 22. Wire brush Brushing rough surfaces. 23. Divider Marking and laying out. 24. Centre punch Marking the point of drilling. 25. Paint brush Applying paint on surfaces. 26. Sledge hammer Ramming hardware, breaking stones. 27. Wire strainer Tightening wires during fencing. 28. Riveting machine Fix rivets when joining pieces of metal. 29. Claw bar Removing long nails from wood, straining fencing wires and digging fencing holes.
Plumbing and Masonry Tools

Tools Uses l. Pipe wrench Holding, tightening and loosing metallic pipes. 2. Pipe cutter Cutting PVC pipes. 3. Levelling rod Levelling the floor during construction. 4. Mason’s trowel Placing mortar between construction stones and bricks. 5. Wood float Create a level surface on walls and floors. 6. Mason’s square Ascertain verticalness. 7. Plumb bob Spreading screed over floors and walls. 8. Shovel Mixing and scooping concrete or mortar, measuring cement.
Care and Maintenance of Tools and Equipment
Reasons for Maintenance
To increase durability.
To increase efficiency.
 

  • Reduce costs of replacement.
  • For safety of the user/avoid accidents.
  • Avoid damage to the tool.

Methods

  • Use tools for the right work.
  • Proper handling when using tools or equipment.
  • Clean and oil tools after work.
  • Keep tools in there right place.
  • Replace and repair worn-out parts
  • Sharpen cutting or digging edges
  • Grease moving parts to reduce friction
  • Use safety devices in the workshop to reduce accidents and breakages

 




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EcoleBooks | Agriculture Form 1 - Farm Tools and Equipment

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