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CONSIGNMENT ACCOUNT

NATURE OF CONSIGNMENT.
When a trader sold directly to the customer which they are in home countries or overseas, these are ordinary sales.
However a trader may sent goods to an agent to sell them for him, these goods are said to be CONSIGNMENT.
IMPORTANT TERM.
a) CONSIGNMENT: Are the goods sent to an agent to sell on behalf of the owner (trader).
b) CONSIGNOR: Is the person who sends the goods (the trader) on consignment.
c) CONSIGNEE: An agent who receives goods on consignment.
d) COMMISSION: An allowance given to an agent.
e) DEL CREDERE COMMISSION: An extra commission payable to an agent who will promise to pay any bad debts. OR
-Is additional commission which paid to consignee for defending the consignor for any loss from bad debtors.
THE MAIN FEATURES ARE;-
– The trader sends goods to an agent, the goods do not belong to an agent, his job is to sell them for a trader goods are owned by the trader until they are sold.
– The agent will store the goods until they are sold by him, he will have to pay some expenses but these will later be returned by the trader.
– The agent will receive the commission for the services.
– The agent will correct the money from the customer to whom he sells goods to.
– He will pay this over the trader after deducting his expenses and commission, statement from the agent to be trader showing this know as ACCOUNT SALES.
CONSIGNORS RECORDS
For each consignment to an agent a separate consignment a/c is opened this looks like trading profit and loss a/c for each consignment.
The purpose is to calculate the net profit or loss for each consignment.
Account needed;-
a) Goods send on consignment a/c (consignment outward a/c)
b) Consignment to………. a/c
c) Consignment a/c
ACCOUNT PROCEDURE USED IN THE BOOKS OF THE CONSIGNOR
I. DR: consignment account
CR: consignment out wards
with the cost price of the goods that have been consigned
II. DR: consignment account
CR: cash book
with expenses or charges paid by the consignor
III. DR: consignee account
CR: consignment account
with gross proceeds of the consignment
IV. DR: consignment account
CR: consignee account
with expenses paid by the consignee
V. If the balance of consignment account i.e. balance brought down appear on the credit side , it is net profit on consignment and if the balance brought down appear on the debit side of consignment account , it is a net loss on consignment
VI. The balance on consignee’s account represents the net amount to be sent to the consignor (net proceeds to the consignor )
VII. Transfer the balance of consignment out wards account
to the trading account.
TYPES OF CONSIGNMENT
I. Consignment outward
The person who send goods to the consignee for sale on his behalf regards the consignment as consignment out ward
Performa invoice – is documents which comprises the following
a) Description of the goods.
b) The quantity or weight of the goods.
c) Shipping marks and other details.
d) Minimum selling prices.
II. Consignment in wards
The person who receives goods or consignment from the consignor for selling, regards the goods as consignment in wards.
To person to whom goods are consignment , regards the consignment as consignment in wards


Expenses of the agent (consignee) and sales receipt when the sales have been completed, the consignee will send an account sale to the consignor.
The account sale will show
Sales
xxx
Less: expenses
xxx
Commission now
xxx
xxx
Balance new paid
xxx
The double entry needed is.
iii) Sales
DR: Consignees a/c
CR: Consignment a/c
iv) Expenses consignee
DR: Consignment a/c
CR: Consignees a/c
EXAMPLE
D.Daima of London consigned 100 cartons of goods costing 1,800 to J. Jamal of Chelsea. He paid 3,500 for packing, 4,500 for railway freight and 3,600 for insurance, on receipts of goods Jamal paid 1,200 for Cartage 3,100 for storage and 2,500 for advertising.
He sold all of the cartons of a uniform price of 2,600 each and remitted the proceeds by bank draft after deducting his expenses and 10% commission on gross sales
Show the relevant ledger in the books of D. Daima.
Solution
In the book of consignor (D.Daima).
DR GOOD SENT ON CONSIGNMENT A/C CR
To trading 180,000 Consignment to J. Jamal 180,000

EcoleBooks | BOOK KEEPING O LEVEL(FORM FOUR) NOTES - CONSIGNMENT ACCOUNT


EcoleBooks | BOOK KEEPING O LEVEL(FORM FOUR) NOTES - CONSIGNMENT ACCOUNT
IN THE BOOK OF CONSIGNEE.
The only item needed in the consignee record will be found from the account sale he sent to consignor after the goods have been sold.
He does not enter in double entry the goods received on consignment. They never belong to him, his job is to sell the goods of course he will keep a note of goods but not in double entry account record.
i) Cash from sale of consignment
DR: Cash book
CR: Consignor’s a/c
ii) Payment of consignment expenses
DR: Consignors a/c
CR: Profit and loss a/c
iii) Commission earned.
DR: Consignor a/c
CR: Profit and loss a/c.
iv) Cash to settle balance shown on account sale
DR: Consignors a/c
CR: Cash Book
EXERCISE:
S.Suleyman of Dar es Salaam sent 200 cases of goods each costing 1,500 to N. Nassor of Arusha.
He paid 2,400 for packing and 13,600 for freight. 10 cases were damaged and another five damaged on transit the transporter agreed to pay 14,000 as compensation.
On receipt of goods Nassor pay 4,000 for carriage to warehouse and 120 for storage, he sold the damaged cases at 100 each and the rest at 3,200 each. He draws a promissory note for the proceeds less his 10% commission on gross sales.
Show the account sales that Nassor would send to suleyman and relevant ledger account in the book of suleyman.
Working: 10 damaged cases sold at 100 @
10 x 100 = 1000
5 damaged cases where compensated at 14,000
185 undamaged cases were sold at 3,200
185 x 3200 = 592,000
Total sales = 592,000 + 1000 = 593,000
AN ACCOUNT SALE
To S. Suleyman N. Nassor
Dar es salaam Arusha
Sales on goods on consignment 593,000
Less: Expenses Carriage 4000
Storage 120
Custom duty 60,000
Commission 59,300 123,420
Bank sight draft 469,580
DR GOODS SENT ON CONSIGNMENT A/C CR
To trading a/c 300,000 EcoleBooks | BOOK KEEPING O LEVEL(FORM FOUR) NOTES - CONSIGNMENT ACCOUNT Consignment to Nassor 300,000
Book of consignor (S. Suleiman)
EcoleBooks | BOOK KEEPING O LEVEL(FORM FOUR) NOTES - CONSIGNMENT ACCOUNT

DR CONSIGNEES A/C (NASSOR) CR
EcoleBooks | BOOK KEEPING O LEVEL(FORM FOUR) NOTES - CONSIGNMENT ACCOUNT

UNSOLD STOCKS.
A part of consignment may remain unsold at a time when the financial year ends.
The main difference between completed consignment at the Balance sheet and uncompleted one is that, the unsold stock has to be valued and carried down to the following period. This stock will appear in the balance sheet of consignor as current assets.
CALCULATION OF UNSOLD STOCK (CALCULATION OF CLOSING STOCK )
The value of unsold stock is value at cost apportionment of expenses paid by the consignor and c
onsignee , excluding selling and distribution expenses and commission paid to the consignee
The expenses are apportioned between the sold and unsold stock
ILLUSTRATION
a) Cost price = Number of units x unity price
b) Number of unity unsold x consignors expenses
Number of units consigned
c) Number of units unsold x consignee’s expenses
Number of units received by consignee
Therefore
Unsold stock = A+B+C
EXAMPLE 1
On 1st Jan Juma forwarded a consignment of 20cases of goods to a trader his agents in west Africa together with a pro forma invoice for Tshs 360/= on the following day the consignor paid the freight charges amounting to 55/= and insurance charges 9/= on 15th march 1990 an account sales was received from the agent showing that 15 cases were sold for Tshs 380/= and that landing and storage charges on the consignment amounting to Tshs 28/= had been paid by the agent
The agent commission of 5% of the gross proceeds was declared and the balance due was remitted by sight draft
Required
Records the above transaction in the books of consignor
EcoleBooks | BOOK KEEPING O LEVEL(FORM FOUR) NOTES - CONSIGNMENT ACCOUNT

EcoleBooks | BOOK KEEPING O LEVEL(FORM FOUR) NOTES - CONSIGNMENT ACCOUNT
EcoleBooks | BOOK KEEPING O LEVEL(FORM FOUR) NOTES - CONSIGNMENT ACCOUNT
EXERCISE
Not kasuku of kigoma consigned to R.siku of Kyela Mbeya on 1st Jan 1992 the cost price of the goods was 20,000/= for 20 Cases Kasuku paid Tshs 20/= for insurance per case transport charges was 600/= siku paid warehouse (rent ) expenses Tshs 1200/= wages Tshs 400/= and electricity Tshs 600/=
Siku sold 18/= cases Tshs 2100/= each an account sales was sent to kasuku to show part of the goods sold siku sent the money to kasuku by cheque and 21/2 % on the gross proceeds as del-credere commission
Required
a) Consignment to (R.siku ) account
b) Consignee (R.siku ) account
c) Goods set on consignment a/c
EcoleBooks | BOOK KEEPING O LEVEL(FORM FOUR) NOTES - CONSIGNMENT ACCOUNT

EcoleBooks | BOOK KEEPING O LEVEL(FORM FOUR) NOTES - CONSIGNMENT ACCOUNT

EcoleBooks | BOOK KEEPING O LEVEL(FORM FOUR) NOTES - CONSIGNMENT ACCOUNT

FINAL COMPLETION OF CONSIGNMENT
When the remainder of the consignment sold the consignment account can be closed. This will be done by transferring the final portion of profit & loss to the consignor p&l A/C. The detail will be found on the final account sales which the consignor a/c will have sent to the consignment.
From the above example as follows:-
vii) The final 20 cases where sold for 3,800 each
viii) Selling cost for those two (2) cases were Tshs 7,000
ix) Commission deducted of 10% on sales
Solution;-

DR CONSIGNMENT TO MOHAMED A/C DR
EcoleBooks | BOOK KEEPING O LEVEL(FORM FOUR) NOTES - CONSIGNMENT ACCOUNT
EcoleBooks | BOOK KEEPING O LEVEL(FORM FOUR) NOTES - CONSIGNMENT ACCOUNT

EXERCISE
On 8th Feb. 2012, P.J of London trader consigned 120 cases of goods to M.B on agent in New zeland. The cost of the goods was sh 250 a case, P.J paid carriage to the port 14,700 and insurance 9,500.
On 31st March 2012, P.J receive an account sales from M.B showing that 100 cases had been sold for sh 350,000 and M.B Had been paid freight at the rate of sh 200 a case and port charge amounting to shs 18,600. M.B was entitled to a commission of 5% of sales.
A sight draft for the net amount due was endorsed with an account sale.
Req:-
You are required to show the account for the above transaction in the ledger of P.J and to show the transfer to P&L at 31st March 12.


EcoleBooks | BOOK KEEPING O LEVEL(FORM FOUR) NOTES - CONSIGNMENT ACCOUNT
BILLS DRAWN AGAINST CONSIGNMENT
The consignee may divide to remit the next proceeds by a bill of exchange instead of cash remittance.
In this case the consignor.
DR: Bills receivable a/c
CR: Consignee a/c
with amount of bill.
DR: Cash book
CR: Bills receivable A/C
When the bill is paid
EXAMPLE:
Ponda of Dar es salaam consigned to Saleh of Nairobi goods for the value of 150,000. Ponda paid 5,000 for freight and 1,000 for insurance; he drew a bill of exchange for 40,000 on Saleh as an advance which was duly accepted by Saleh. Ponda discounting the bill for 39,500.
4/5 the goods were sold by Saleh for 160,000,
His expense was 3,500 and commission 3,200, Saleh forward a draft for a balance.
Required:
-Show the ledger in the books of Ponda (consignor)
Solution:


EcoleBooks | BOOK KEEPING O LEVEL(FORM FOUR) NOTES - CONSIGNMENT ACCOUNT
DR CONSIGNMENT TO SALEH A/C CR
Goods sent on consignment
150,000
Sales
160,000
Freight
5,000
Stock c/d
32,000
Insurance
1,000
EcoleBooks | BOOK KEEPING O LEVEL(FORM FOUR) NOTES - CONSIGNMENT ACCOUNT
Discount charge
500
Consignee exp
Expenses
3,500
Commission
3,200
Profit on consignment (P&l)
28,800
192,000
192,000
EcoleBooks | BOOK KEEPING O LEVEL(FORM FOUR) NOTES - CONSIGNMENT ACCOUNT
EXERCISE (BILLS DRAWN AGAINST CONSIGNMENT)
TUMAINI of Japan consignment goods costing 70,000/= to his agents Hamisi of Singida Tanzania he drew on his agents a three month bill of exchange for 20,000/= against the consignment and discounted it upon acceptance for Tshs 19000/=
Tumaini paid following expenses
− Marine insurance ……….. 3000/=
− Carriage from Dar to Singida ………. 5600/=
− Port charges …………………………………1800/=
Hamisi incurred the following cost
− Loading charges ………….. 4800/=
− Carriage ………………………….6800/=
− Port and other expenses …1600/=
Half of the consignment was sold and the following
Selling expenses were incurred …. 1400/=
− Agents commission was 10% plus 2% del-credere commission on gross proceed which amounted shs 295000/=
Show ledger account in the book of Tumain all calculation must clearly be shown account sale is not necessary

EcoleBooks | BOOK KEEPING O LEVEL(FORM FOUR) NOTES - CONSIGNMENT ACCOUNT

EcoleBooks | BOOK KEEPING O LEVEL(FORM FOUR) NOTES - CONSIGNMENT ACCOUNT


EcoleBooks | BOOK KEEPING O LEVEL(FORM FOUR) NOTES - CONSIGNMENT ACCOUNT

EcoleBooks | BOOK KEEPING O LEVEL(FORM FOUR) NOTES - CONSIGNMENT ACCOUNT




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EcoleBooks | BOOK KEEPING O LEVEL(FORM FOUR) NOTES - CONSIGNMENT ACCOUNT

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  • EcoleBooks | BOOK KEEPING O LEVEL(FORM FOUR) NOTES - CONSIGNMENT ACCOUNT

    Bugie Nyasulu, December 26, 2023 @ 6:23 pm Reply

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