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Introduction to Uganda Notes

  • Uganda is a country that lies in East Africa in the interior of the continent of Africa. It is located astride the equator (00) and extends approximately 40 N to 10S and 300E to 350E.
  • Uganda covers a total area of 241,038KM2 and it is the smallest with in East African countries of Kenya and Tanzania.
  • It is boarded by South Sudan in the north, Democratic Republic of Congo in the west, Rwanda in south west, Tanzania in the south and Kenya in the east. This makes Uganda landlocked.
  • Uganda‘s population is 34.8m people according to 2015 population census, with the population growth rate of 3.5% per annum and 2.9% death rate.
  • It has a population density of 120 persons per square Kilometer and 51% of Uganda‘s population consists of children with females greater than males.
  • The country depends on a few exports dominated by agricultural products. It is a member of UN, A.U, Common Wealth, P.T.A, COMESA, KBO, EAC, etc.





Location of Uganda with its latitudes and longitudes

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The Evolution of Uganda‘s boundaries

The size of Uganda mentioned above was acquired as a result of physical and human manipulations.

  • In 1884, there was the Berlin conference were by Africa was partitioned. The present area of Uganda and Kenya was put under IBEACO.
  • By 1900, Uganda‘s boundaries extended as far as Naivasha, Baringo, Natron, and L. Turkana. And by 1902 the foreigners transferred Kisumu to Kenya. It was decided that Uganda takes part of Mt. Elgon as well as Kenya.
  • In 1910, Uganda‘s boundaries were extended to cover some part of Zaire to share on Mt. Rwenzori in return Zaire was compensated by getting part of L. Albert and R. Semulik.


  • West Nile was part of Sudan by 1914; it was incorporated into Uganda in exchange with a large area north as far as Gondokolo to Sudan. And the reason was to re-unite the small tribe called Tereterenia.


QN. Account for the evolution of Uganda‘s boundaries


  • Introduce Uganda by stating her size, location, neighbors and population.
  • Draw a map of Uganda locating the above
  • Explain the reasons for the shape and size of Uganda giving examples in each.


Factors for the evolution of Uganda‘s boundaries

Physical factors

  • Mountains such as Muhavura highlands were considered in the south west separating Uganda from Rwanda, Mt. Rwenzori in the west sperating Uganda from DR Congo, Mt. Elgon and Mt. Moroto in the eastern part of Uganda from Kenya, were all considered.
  • The western rift valley played a greater role in the west to separate Uganda from Zaire (DR Congo).
  • Lakes such as Victoria in the south east separating Uganda from Kenya and Tanzania and L. Albert in the western part of Uganda from DR Congo were considered in the evolution of such boundaries.
  • Rivers such as Semulik played a major role in the separation of Uganda from Zaire, and R. Kagera separated Uganda from Tanzania and Rwanda in the south.
  • The latitude and longitudes like the Equator (00), 40N, 10S, 300E and 350E all were considered separating Uganda from Kenya, South Sudan, Tanzania, etc.

Human factors

  • The tribe groups such as Tereterenia tribe of Sudan separating Uganda from South Sudan, the Bafumbira in south western Uganda from Rwanda, the Banyanya in eastern Uganda from Kenya, all played a major role.
  • Politically the colonial rulers wanted to have some shares of the natural resources in the region like it was decided that Uganda and Kenya share on Mt. Elgon and L. Victoria by IBEACO.
  • Economically Kigezi area was identified to be with reliable rain fall, mineral potentials and fertile volcanic soils thus separating Uganda from Rwanda.

















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EcoleBooks | Introduction to Uganda


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