Agriculture O Level(Form Four) ECOLEBOOKS ZIMSEC O LEVEL NOTES

ZIMSEC Form 4 Agriculture Complete Summary Notes 5 – 6


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

An arable farm


Inputs
Warm climate with low rainfall, which mainly falls during the summer


Warm summers help to ripen grain

 

Outputs

 

O Level and A Level Notes By Subjects and grades (ecolebooks.com)

 


Cereals such as wheat and barley, potatoes and sugar beet

 

 

Factors

 


Flat land which allows the use of machinery


Well-drained fertile soils


Good transport links with large markets nearby

 

Issues

 


Soil erosion, due to hedgerow removal, means that the soil needs careful management.


Competition from cheap imports of cereals means that profits are declining – farmers need to
diversify in order to survive.

 

Intensive farming

 

Intensive commercial farming in Denmark


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    
Danish pig farm


Inputs

 

 


Fertiliser, seeds and animals for breeding.

 

Outputs

 

 


Cereals, sugar beet, dairy products and bacon.


Danish bacon is imported to the UK and is often cheaper than UK bacon, pricing UK farmers
out of the market.

 

 

Factors

 

 


Large fields with no hedgerows.


Climate conducive to cereal growing.

Farming is gradually becoming less labour intensive with increased mechanisation.

 

Issues

 

Farmers are vulnerable to price fluctuations as there is a surplus of milk produced in the EU.

These ‘milk lakes’ lower the price a farmer receives for every litre of milk produced.

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