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Acids, bases and combustion Questions

1.  The table below shows solutions A, B and C are tested and observations records as shown:

Solution

Observations on indicator

A

Methyl orange turns yellow

B

Phenolphthalein turns colourless

C

Litmus turns purple

 

 (a) Using the table above, name an acid  

 (b) How does the pH value of 1M potassium hydroxide solution compare with that of

1M aqueous ammonia? Explain

2.  The information below gives PH values of solutions V, W, X, Y Z

 

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Solution

PH values

V

W

X

Y

Z

2

6.5

11

14

4.5

  (a) Which solution is likely to be:

  (i) Calcium hydroxide? ……………………………………………….  

(ii) Rain water? ………………………………………………………

 (b) Which solution would react most vigorously with Zinc carbonate  

 

 

3.  a) Complete the table below to show the colour of the given indicator in acidic and basic

solutions.

Indicator

Colour in

 

Methyl Orange

Acidic Solution

Basic Solution

 

Yellow

Phenolphthalein

Colourless

 

 

b) How does the PH value of 0.1M potassium hydroxide solution compare with that of 0.1M

aqueous ammonia?  Explain.

 

4.  Use the information given below to answer the questions that follow:

Solution

G

H

I

J

K

pH

1.5

6.5

13.0

7.0

8.0

 

 (a) Which of the solutions would be used to relieve a stomach upset caused by indigestion?

 (b) Which solution is likely to be:

  (i) Dilute sulphuric acid?

(ii) Sodium hydroxide solution?

 

5.  Solid copper (II) oxide is a base although it does not turn litmus paper to blue. Explain  

 

6.  Below are the pH values of 4 types of medicine represented by letters P, Q, R and S

MEDICINE

pH VALUES

P

Q

R

S

7.0

5.0

8.0

6.0

  a) It is not advisable to use S when a patient has indigestion .Explain

  b) What is the role of chemistry in drug manufacture

 

7.  Explain why very little Carbon (IV) oxide gas is evolved when dilute sulphuric (VI) acid

 is added to lead (II) carbonate

8 .  State one commercial use of Calcium Oxide

9.  The following data gives the pH values of some solutions

Solution

pH

P

Q

R

14.0

6.8

2.5

 

 (a) What colour change would occur in solution P on addition of two drops of

phenolphthalein indicator?

 (b) State the pH value of a resulting solution when equal moles of solution P and R react  

 

10.  In an experiment, ammonia gas was prepared by heating ammonium salt with an alkali.

After drying, ammonia gas was collected at room temperature and pressure.

 (a) What is meant by the term alkali?

 (b) Explain using physical properties of the gas why ammonia is not collected by downward

delivery

11.  The table shows the colours obtained when some indicators are added to solutions:-

Solution

Blue litmus paper

Indicator W

Distilled water

…………………..

Colourless

Calcium hydroxide

Blue

Pink

Nitric acid

…………………………

Colourless

 

(a) Complete the table by filling in the missing colours

 (b) Identify indicator W

 

12.  (a) Flower extracts can be used as Acid-base indicators. Give two limitations of such

indicators

 (b) The diagram below shows spots of pure substances W, X, and Y on a chromatography

paper. Spot Z is that of a mixture

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 After development W, X, and Y were found to have moved 9cm3, 4cm3 and 7cm3 respectively.

 Z has separated into two spots which have moved 7cm3 and 9cm3:-

 On the diagram:-

  I. Label the baseline and solvent front  

 II. Show the position of all the spots after development

 III. Identify the substances present in mixture Z

13.  A beekeeper found that when stung by a bee, application of a little solution of sodium

hydrogen carbonate helped to relieve the irritation of the affected area. Explain

 

14.  10g of sodium hydrogen carbonate were dissolved in 20cm3 of water in a boiling tube. Lemon

juice was then added dropwise with shaking until there was no further change.

 (a) Explain the observation which was made in the boiling tube when the reaction was in progress

 (b) What observations would be made if the lemon juice had been added to copper turnings in

a boiling tube?  

15.  (a) Complete the table below to show the colour of the given indicator in acidic and basic

solutions:

Indicator

Colour in acidic solution

Basic solution

Methyl orange

Pink

 

Phenolphthalein

 

Pink

16. Solutions can be classified as acids, bases or neutral. The table below shows solutions and their

pH values:-

Solutions

PH VALUES

K

L

M

1.5

7.0

14.0

 

(i) Select any pair that would react to form a solution of PH 7

(ii) Identify two solutions that would react with aluminium hydroxide. Explain  

 

 

 

3. Acids, bases and combustion Answers

1.  a) B

b) PH of potassium hydroxide is higher than that of aqueous ammonia. KOH ions are

dissociated more than that of aqueous NH3

2.  (a) (i) X

Image From EcoleBooks.comImage From EcoleBooks.com (ii) W

(b) V

3.  a) Methyl Orange Red/Pink ½

  Phenolphthalein Colourless/Pink ½

 b) The PH of 0.1M KOH is higher than of 0.1M aqueous ammonia 1

KOH is strongly dissociated in solution. 1

4.  a) K

 b)i) G

  ii) I

5.  Copper (II) oxide is insoluble in water hence there are no OH- ions in the mixture  

6.  a) S is acidic and would make the situation worse  ½

 b) Discovery of drugs processing and testing is the work of chemists. Chemists are professionals

who have studied chemistry  ½

 

7.  Its due to formation of insoluble Lead(II) carbonate hence preventing any further reaction.

8.   CaO is used in correcting soil acidity. √1

Image From EcoleBooks.comImage From EcoleBooks.com9.  (a) Pink

Image From EcoleBooks.com  (b) 7.0

10.  (a) alkali is soluble base. √1  

 (b) Because it is lighter than air. √1

 

 

11.  (a)

Solution

Blue litmus paper

Indicator W

 

BLUE

 
   
 

…RED………………………

 

 (b) Phenolphthalein  

12.  a)-give inconsistent results√ ½

  -expire shortly√ ½

Image From EcoleBooks.com b) I.

 

 

 

Image From EcoleBooks.com

 

 

 

 II. Maximum sports-award 1 ½ mks

  Fail any one- award

  III W√ ½ and Y√ ½

13.  Sting of a bee is acidic √1 and is neutralized by sodium hydrogen carbonate√½ into a salt, carbon IV) oxide and water. This gives pain relief. √½

14.  (a) There was production of effervescence . The lemon juice contain an acid that reacts with

the carbonate to produce carbon (IV) oxide.

(b) No production of bubbles. Copper is below hydrogen in the reactivity

Image From EcoleBooks.com15.  (a) Yellow

Image From EcoleBooks.com   Colourless

Image From EcoleBooks.com16. (i) K and M  

(ii) K and M

 

 

 

 

 

 
 




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EcoleBooks | 3. Acids, bases and combustion Questions and Answers

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