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FIRST TERM E-LEARNING

 

SUBJECT:CIVIC EDUCATION  CLASS: JS 3

 

SCHEME OF WORK

 

WEEK  TOPIC

  1. The Constitution:Meaning and Types
  2. Features of Colonial Nigeria‘s Constitution 1

    Clifford’s Constitution of 1922

    3.  Features of Nigeria‘s Colonial Constitution 2

    Macpherson’s Constitution of 1951

    Lyttleton’s Constitution of 1954

    4.  1960 Independence Constitution:

    Features, Advantages or Achievement, Disadvantages or Weaknesses

    5.  Post 1960 Constitution 1963 Republican Constitution

    Features, Advantages or Achievement, Disadvantages or Weaknesses

    ecolebooks.com

    6.  Post 1960 Constitution

    Features of 1979 Constitution, Achievmentof 1979 Constitution, Features of 1989 Constitution, Features of the 1999 Ppresidential Constitution

    7.  Supremacy of the Constitution

    Meaning and Reasons for the Supremacy of the Constitution

    8.  Election

    Meaning and Types of Election

    9.  Importance of Election in Democratic Society

    10.  Electoral Bodies in Nigeria

    INEC, SIEC, Uses, Composition and Roles

    11.  Revision

    12.  Examination

 

REFERENCE

Fundamentals of Civic Education For JSS 3 by Sola Akinyemi.

 

 

WEEK ONE

TOPIC: THE CONSTITUTION

THE MEANING OF CONSTITUTION

Constitution is defined as a body of rules and regulations by which the citizens of a country are governed or ruled. A constitution also defines the powers and functions of the political office holders such as Presidents, Governors, Chairmen and Councilors of Local Government etc. All the citizens in a country are expected to abide by the rules and regulations provided. The constitution also states the rights, duties and obligations of the citizens.

 

EVALUATION

  1. Define the constitution.
  2. Mention five political office holders in Nigeria.

 

THE TYPES OF CONSTITUTION

  1. Written Constitution: It is a body of rules and regulations of a country that are written in a single document. Examples of country that operate written constitutions are America, Nigeria etc.
  2. Unwritten Constitution:It is defined as a body of rules and regulations of a country that are not written in a single document. An unwritten constitution is usually based on the cultures, traditions, conventions and beliefs of the people. Britain is a good example of a country that operatesan unwritten constitution.
  3. Rigid Constitution: Rigid Constitution is defined as one that is very difficult to amend or change. Most written constitutionsare rigid. America, Ghana and Nigeria have written and rigid constitution.
  4. Flexible Constitution: It is defined as the type of constitution that is easy to amend. Most unwritten constitutionsare flexible. Britain, Italy etc have unwritten and flexible constitution.
  5. Federal Constitution: A federal constitution is one which divides the powers of government between the central, states and local government. Nigeria and America are good examples of countries that operate a federal constitution.
  6. Unitary Constitution: Aunitary constitution is one in which there is only one central government. States and local governments do not exist in a unitary constitution. Britain, Italy and France are good examples of country with unitary constitutions.

 

EVALUATION

List and explain the various types of constitutions.

 

GENERAL EVALUATION

  1. Explain the meaning of integrity.
  2. Describe attributes of people of integrity.
  3. Discuss the need to have people of integrity in the society.
  4. Explain the meaning of contentment.
  5. Descibethe attribute of contenment.

 

READING ASSIGNMENT

Fundamentals of Civic Education for Basic 9, Jss 3 by Sola Akinyemi pages 50 – 58.

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. All the following are political office holders in Nigeria except ___

    A. teachers B. president C. governors D. councilors

  2. Nigeria operates a ___________ constitution. A. unitary B. unwritten C. written D. flexible
  3. All the following countries operatea federal constitution except. A. Ghana B. Britain C. America D. France
  4. Britain operates a _________ constitution. A. federal B. rigid C. written D. unwritten
  5. Italy and France operate a _________ constitution A. unitary B. federal C. written D. rigid.

 

THEORY

  1. Differentiate between federal and written constitution.
  2. Mention five political offices we have in Nigeria.

 

 

WEEK TWO

TOPIC: FEATURES OF COLONIAL NIGERIA CONSTITUTION 1

THE CLIFFORD’S CONSTITUTION OF 1922

The Clifford’s constitution of 1922 was named after governor Hugh Clifford who represented the queen of England in Nigeria before our independence in 1960.

 

FEATURES OF CLIFFORD’S CONSTITUTION

  1. It provided an executive council.
  2. It provided a legislative council.
  3. It provided elective principle for the first time in Nigeria.
  4. It allowed the formation of political party e.g. Nigeria National Democratic Party (NNDP) in 1923.
  5. It provided for the establishment of newspapers.

     

ADVANTAGES OF CLIFFORD’S CONSTITUTION

  1. It introduced elective principle in Nigeria which made possible the election of Nigerians into the Legislature.
  2. Clifford Constitutionallowedthe establishment of political parties and political activities. NNDP was the first political party established in Nigeria in 1923 by Herbert Macaulay.
  3. It allowed Nigeriansto establish newspapers.
  4. Clifford’s Constitution established a central legislative council made up of 46 members for the colony and southern protectorates.

     

DISADVANTAGES OF CLIFFORD’S CONSTITUTION

  1. The executive council had only white people as members.
  2. No Nigerian was found in the executive council.
  3. The elective principle introduced by Clifford was for only Lagos and Calabar.
  4. The Northerners were excluded from the legislative council.
  5. The conditions attached to the elective principle were too difficult to operate.
  6. The governor had veto powers.

     

EVALUATION

  1. Mention the disadvantages of Clifford’s constitution of 1922.
  2. What are the disadvantages of Clifford’s constitution?

 

RICHARD’S CONSTITUTION OF 1946

The Richard’s constitution replaced the Clifford’s constitution of 1922. The constitution was made mainly to promote the unity of Nigeria and to encourage Nigeriansto participate in their own affairs.

 

FEATURES OF RICHARD’S CONSTITUTION

  1. The executive council was dominated by the Europeans.
  2. It divided Nigeria into three unequal regions: East, West, and North regions.
  3. No Nigerian was found in the executive council.
  4. It established executive and legislative councils in each region.
  5. The governor had veto powers.

 

ADVANTAGES OF RICHARD’S CCONSTITUTIONOF 1946

  1. It gave Nigerians the power to have a say in their own affairs.
  2. It laid the foundation for federalism in Nigeria.
  3. It introduced regionalism in Nigeria by dividing Nigeria into three regions: East, West and North regions.
  4. It encouraged the development of political activities.
  5. It also encouraged the establishment of newspapers.

 

DISADVANTAGES OF RICHARD’S CONSTITUTION OF 1946

  1. It divided Nigeria into three unequal parts: East, Westand North regions.
  2. The governors had veto powers.
  3. The Europeans still dominated the executive council.
  4. No Nigerian was found in the executive council.
  5. The Richard’s constitution still continued with the elective principle which was difficult to operate.

 

EVALUATION

  1. Mention the advantages of Richard’s constitution of 1946.
  2. What are the disadvantages of Richard’s constitution of 1946?

 

GENERAL EVALUATION

  1. Identify the consequences of lack of contentment.
  2. Explain the meaning of discipline.
  3. Enumerate the attributes of a disciplined person.
  4. State the benefits of disciplined behaviour.
  5. Explain the meaning of courage.

     

    READING ASSIGNMENT

Fundamentals of Civic Education for Basic 8 BY Sola Akinyemi pages 130 – 133.

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. ___ constitution divided Nigeria into unequal parts

    A. Clifford’s B. Richard’s C. Presidential D. Independence.

  2. ___ constitution introduced elective prnciple into Nigeria.

    A. Richard’s B. Independence C. Presidential D. Clifford’s

  3. ___ was the first political in Nigeria established in 1923. A. NNDP B. PDP C. APC D. APGA
  4. ___ established the first political party in Nigeria.

    A. ObafemiAwolowo B. NnamdiAzikwe C. Herbert Macaulay D. TafawaBalewa.

  5. How many Nigerians were found in the executive council of the Clifford’s Constitution of 1922? A. 5 B. 10 C. 15 D. None.

THEORY

  1. Mention the features of the Clifford’s Constitution of 1922.
  2. Identify the advantages of Ricahrd’sConstitution of 1946.

 

 

WEEK THREE

TOPIC: FEATURES FOR NIGERIA’S COLONIAL CONSTITUTION II

MACPHERSON CONSTITUTION OF 1951

This constitution was named after Sir John Macpherson who replaced Richard’s in 1951.

 

FEATURES OF MACPHERSON CONSTITUTION OF 1951

  1. It created a central legislative council called House of Representatives.
  2. Nigerians were appointed into the executive council as ministers (12 Minsiters).
  3. It created a central executive council.
  4. It continued with the three unequal regions: East, West and North regions.
  5. Each region had both legislative and executive councils.

 

ADVANTAGES OF MACPHERSON CONSTITUTION OF 1951

  1. It created for the first time the House of Representatives.
  2. It created bi-cameral legislature for both West and North regions.
  3. It encouraged the formation of political parties in Nigeria.
  4. It also retained the elective principle introduced by Clifford constitution in 1922.

 

DISADVANTAGES OF MACPHERSON CONSTITUTION OF 1951

  1. The governor still had veto powers.
  2. There was no provision for the office of the Prime Minister.
  3. The existing political parties were regionally based.
  4. It failed to make Nigeria a full federal structure.

 

EVALUATION

  1. Mention the features of Macpherson constitution.
  2. State two disadvantages of the Macpherson constitution.

 

LYTTLETON CONSTITUTION OF 1954

FEATURES OF LYTTLETON CONSTITUTION

  1. It established a federal system of government. It gave Nigeria a full federal structure.
  2. It made provision for the post of a speaker of the House of Representatives.
  3. It created the post of premier for each region.
  4. Lagos was detached from western region and made the federal capital of Nigeria.
  5. Lieutenant-Governor in the regions became governors and the governor became Governor General.

     

ADVANTAGES OF LYTTLETON CONSTITUTION

  1. Each region had its own civil service and judiciary
  2. It gave birth to federal sysytem of government in Nigeria.
  3. It established a federal capital territory (Lagos).
  4. It established the post of a premier in each region.
  5. It created the offices of a speaker and a deputy speaker in the regions.

DISADVANTAGES OF LYTTLETON CONSTITUTION

  1. No provision was made for the post a prime Minister at the central level.
  2. There was no uniform electoral system in all the regions.
  3. The governor general still had veto power.
  4. The ministers were loyal to the regions.
  5. No provision was made for bi-cameral legislature at the centre.

 

EVALUATION

  1. Mention the feature of lyttleton constitution.
  2. What were the disadvantages of lyttleton constitution of 1954?

 

GENERAL EVALUATION

  1. Identify the types of courage.
  2. State the attributes of a courageous individual.
  3. Mention the types of court we have in Nigeria
  4. Mention five former presidents of Nigeria
  5. What are the qualities of a good Leader?

 

READING ASSIGNMENT

Fundamentals of civic Education for Jss2 by Sola Akinyemi Pages 133-135

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. ___ constitutiongave birth to a federal sysytem of government in Nigeria A.

    Clifford B. Richard C. Lyttleton D. Macpherson.

  2. ___constitution created for the first time the house of representative A. Richard B.Macpherson C. Clifford D. Lyttleton
  3. Constitution created civil service in each region A. Richard B. LyttetonC.Macpherson D. Clifford.
  4. ___ constitution created the post of a premier in each region. A. Lyttleton B. Richard C. Clifford D. Macpherson
  5. Which of the following constitution created bi-cameral legislature for both West and North regions? A. Clifford B. Macpherson C. Richard D. Lyttleton

 

THEORY

  1. What are the features of Macpherson constitution of 1951?
  2. Mention the advantages of Lyttleton constitution.

 

 

WEEK FOUR

TOPIC: 1960 INDEPENDENCE CONSTITUTION

FEATURES OF 1960 INDEPENDENCE CONSTITUTION

  1. The governorgeneral was the ceremonial head of state.
  2. The prime minister was the head of government and administration.
  3. It provided for a parliamentary system of government.
  4. Fundamental human rights were written in the constitution.
  5. The constitution of 1960 was a rigid constitution.
  6. It laid down procedures for the creation of regions.

     

EVALUATION

Identify the features of the 1960 independence constitution

 

Advantages or Achievement of 1960 independence Constitution

  1. It ushered independence for Nigeria.
  2. It defined citizenship and how it can be acquired.
  3. It made provision for human rights.
  4. It provided the procedure for the appointment of supreme court judges.

 

DISADVANTAGES OR WEAKNESS OF 1960 INDEPENDENCE CONSTITUTION

  1. It gave total sovereignty or independence to Nigeria
  2. 1960 independence constitution was imposed on Nigerians. Nigerians did not take part in the writing of the constitution
  3. The Privy Council in London was the highest court and not the supreme court.
  4. The Queen of England was still the head of state and this gave room for interference

 

EVALUATION

Mention the weakness of 1960 independence constitution

 

GENERAL EVALUATION

  1. Identify five qualities of a good follower.
  2. Mention three consequences of bad leadership.
  3. Identify six offences people can be found guilty of and punished under the law.
  4. What are the three organs of government?
  5. Discuss the statement, “The law is no respecter of persons”.

 

READING ASSIGNMENT

Fundamental of Civic Education for book 2 by Sola Akinyemi pages 136 -137

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. ___ constitution defined citizenship and how it can be acquired A. Republican B. Independence C. Lyttleton D. Clifford
  2. One of the weaknesses of ___ constitution was that the Queen of Britain was still the head of the state and this gave room to some interference A. Republican B. Presidential C. Parliamentary D. Independence
  3. ___ was the highest court in Nigeria under the 1960 independence constitution A. High court B. Magistrate court C. Privy Council in London D. Supreme court
  4. The 1960 independence constitution had the following features except A. it was rigid B. it was written C. it adopted federal structure D. it was flexible.
  5. The 1960 independence constitution made provision for a ___ system of government A. Parliamentary B. Presidential C. Military D. Unitary

 

THEORY

  1. Mention the achievements of the 1960 independence constitution of Nigeria
  2. What were the weaknesses of the 1960 independence constitution of Nigeria?

 

WEEK FIVE

TOPIC: POST 1960 CONSTITUTION: 1963 REPUBLICAN CONSTITUTION.

FEATURES OF 1963 REPUBLICAN CONSTITUTION

  1. It retained parliamentary system of government.
  2. The Queen of England was no longer the head of state.
  3. The Prime Minister was the head of the government.
  4. The supreme court was made the highest court of appeal instead of the Privy Council in London.
  5. It abolished the judicial service commission.  

 

EVALUATION

What are the features of the 1963 Republican Constitution of 1963?

 

Advantages or Achievements of 1963 Republican Constitution

  1. It gave Nigeria a republican form of government.
  2. An elected head of state by the parliament replaced the Queen of England as the head of state.
  3. It was the first constitution fully made by Nigerians.
  4. It brought British political interference and influence in Nigeria to an end.

 

DISADVANTAGES/ PROBLEMS / WEAKNESS OF REPUBLICAN CONSTITUTION

  1. No supremacy of the constitution but supremacy of the parliament.
  2. No clear separation of power.
  3. The prime minister was accountable to the parliament and not to the people.

 

EVALUATION

  1. What were the weaknesses of the 1963 Republican Constitution?
  2. Mention the features of the 1963 Republican Constitution.

 

GENERAL EVALUATION

  1. Mention five Nigerians that fought for our independence.
  2. Who was the first prime minister of Nigeria?
  3. What was the first capital of Nigeria?
  4. Mention five political parties we have in Nigeria.
  5. Identify five people of integrity in Nigeria.

 

READING ASSIGNMENT

Fundamentals of Civic Education for book 2 by Sola Akinyemi pages 136 -137

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. ___ constitution was completely written by Nigerians A. Clifford B. Macpherson C. Independence D. Republican
  2. ___ court became the highest court of appeal in the 1963 republican constitution of Nigeria A. Privy Council B. High C. Supreme D. Magistrate
  3. Which of the following constitutions gave Nigeria a republican form of government? A. 1963 B. 1960 C. 1922 D. 1951
  4. Who among the following replaced the Queen of England as the head of state in 1963 republican constitution? A. Governor B. Senate President C. Speaker D. An elected head of

    state.

  5. The ___ was the head of government under the 1963 republican constitution. A. Prime Minister B. Queen of England C. Premier D. Governor General.

 

THEORY

  1. What are the weaknesses of the 1963 republican constitution?
  2. Identify the achievements of the 1963 republican constitution.

 

 

WEEK SIX

TOPIC: POST 1960 CONSTITUTION

FEATURES OF 1979 CONSTITUTION

  1. It provided for the office of the executive president who was the head of state and commander in – chief of the Nigerian armed forces.
  2. The executive president was both the head of state and head of government.
  3. The 1979 constitution introduced the presidential system of government.
  4. It provided for the office of the vice president.
  5. The president has maximum of two terms of four years each.
  6. There was a clear separation of powers among the organs of government.
  7. Fundamental human rights were provided in the constitution.
  8. It provided for election at the local government level.
  9. It initiated the federal character principle.

 

ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE 1979 CONSTITUTION

  1. It created the office of the executive president to be properly elected.
  2. There was clear separation of powers and functions among the organs of government.
  3. The 1979 constitution was supreme.
  4. It provided for a new federal capital territory called Abuja.
  5. It made provision for the rights of Nigerians.

 

EVALUATION

  1. Mention the features of the 1979 constitution.
  2. What were the achievements of the 1979 constitution?

 

FEATURES OF THE 1989 CONSTITUTION

  1. It introduced a two – party system.
  2. Legislative houses were to be on part time.
  3. It retained presidential system of government.
  4. Fundamental human rights were provided in the constitution.
  5. The minimum qualification for major political offices was school certificate.

 

FEATURES OF THE 1999 PRESIDENTIAL CONSTITUTION

  1. It retained presidential system of government.
  2. It provided for 36 states including the F.C.T. Abuja.
  3. It provided for the independence of the judiciary.
  4. It retained bi-cameral legislature, the house of senate and the House of Representatives.
  5. Fundamental human rights were provided in the 1999 constitution.

 

EVALUATION

  1. What were the features of the 1989 constitution?
  2. Mention the features of the 1999 presidential constitution.

 

GENERAL EVALUATION/REVISION QUESTIONS

  1. Mention five national symbols in Nigeria.
  2. Identify the three organs of government.
  3. What are the functions of the legislature?
  4. What are the functions of the executive?
  5. Identify the functions of the judiciary.

 

READING ASSIGNMENT

Fundamentals of Civic Education for Basic 8 by Sola Akinyemi pages 138 – 139

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. Nigeria started with the presidential system in A. 1960 B. 1963 C. 1989 D. 1979.
  2. Who among the following was the first executive president of Nigeria? A. ShehuShagari B. ObafemiAwolowo C. AbubakarTafawa D. NnamdiAzikiwe.
  3. The 1989 constitution provided for a ___ party system A. multi B. one C. two D. zero.
  4. All the following were the achievements of the 1979 constitution except A. It made provision for human rights B. The 1979 constitution was not supreme C. It made provision for a new Federal Capital Territory D. There was clear separation of powers.
  5. The 1999 constitution retained __________ system of government in Nigeria

    A. unitary B. military C. parliamentary D. presidential

 

THEORY

  1. What were the achievements of the 1979 constitution?
  2. Identify the features of the 1999 constituion.

 

 

WEEK SEVEN

TOPIC: SUPREMACY OF THE CONSTITUTION

MEANING OF THE SUPREMACY OF THE CONSTITUTION

Supremacy of the constitution simply means the constitution which is the law of the land is above everybody in the country. Supremacy of the constitution means that all political office holders such as the president, governors etc must act according to the provisions of the constitution. Supremacy of the constitution means there is only one constitution for the country which is above anyone. Supremacy of the constitution is one of the basic principles of the rule of law.

 

EVALUATION

What is the meaning of the supremacy of the constitution?

 

Reasons for the Supremacy of the Constitution

  1. The political office holders derive their powers and functions from the constitution.
  2. The constitution is supreme for smooth running of government in a country.
  3. To ensure political stability.
  4. To ensure that there is peace, unity, development and orderliness in the country.
  5. To protect the interest of the minority groups in the country.
  6. The constitution is the final authority over any matter in the country.
  7. The three organs or arms of government such as the legislature, executive and judiciary derive their powers from the constitution.

 

EVALUATION

Give reasons for the Supremacy of the Constitution.

 

GENERAL EVALUATION

  1. Identify the coloursof the national flag of Nigeria.
  2. Who designed the national flag?
  3. What do the colours of the national flag stand for?
  4. Give the full meaning of the following:
    1. ICPC ii. EFCC  iii. NAFDAC iv. INEC
  5. Mention three functions of the Nigeria Police Force.

 

READING ASSIGNMENT

Fundamentals of Civic Education for Basic &(JSS 2) by Sola Akinyemi pages 154 – 155

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. When a leader displays high levalof honesty particularly in financial matters. This is an act of A. Courage B. Fairness C. Fidelity D. probity
  2. When a leader has the personality which makes people to willingly follow him, he could be said to have one of the following A. Fairess B. Firmness C CharismaD. Partiality.
  3. When a leader works hard to ensure that set goals are achieved, he could be described as aA. Respected leader B. Diligent leader C. Disciplined leader D. Impartial leader.
  4. A leader who can stand by his decision no matter what happens is said to be A. Fair B. Honest C. Firm D. Charismatic.
  5. When a follower shows faithfulness to a leader and the set goals, he is said to be A. Committed B. Loyal C. Truthful D. Diligent.

 

THEORY

  1. What is the meaning of the supremacy of the constitution?
  2. Give reasons for the supremacy of the constitution.

     

     

    WEEK EIGHT

TOPIC: ELECTIONS

MEANING OF ELECTIONS

Election can be defined as an act or process of voting for a candidate to represent the people of a country in various government positions. It is also defined as a process of choosing our political leaders. Examples of political office holders or leaders are president, governors, members of the houses of senate and representatives, Chairman and Counselors of local government areas. Election is a procedure that allows citizens of a country to choose their leaders or representatives.

 

EVALUATION

  1. Define elections.
  2. Mention three political office holders.

TYPES OF ELECTIONS

THE TYPES OF ELECTIONS ARE AS FOLLOWS:

  1. Direct election.
  2. Indirect election.
  3. By – election.
  4. Run – off election.
  5. Primary election.

 

  • Direct Elections: Direct elections involve the electorates (voters) casting their votes directly in an election for candidates of their choice that will represent them in various government positions.
  • Indirect Elections: This system involves the formation of an electoral college by the legislators. The members of the electoral collegewill vote for the candidates of their choice on behalf of the citizens of the country.

    The Americans elect the president through electoral college.

  • By – Elections: This is an election that takes place to fill a vacant elective post as a result of disqualification, death or resignation of the individual holding a public office. The election takes place in that constituency where there has been a vacancy.
  • Run – off Elections: When none of the candidates wins the election by absolute majority in a general election, another election would be conducted. In this final election, only the candidates with the highest votes are allowed to contest.
  • Primary Election: This involves the political parties presenting candidates for any election in a country. It is an election conducted within a political party to choose candidates that can adequately represent the interests of the party in an election.

 

EVALUATION

List and explain the various types of elections.

 

GENERAL EVALUATION

  1. Define constitution.
  2. Differentiate between written and unwritten constitutions.
  3. Differentiate between rigid and flexible constitution.
  4. Give three importance of constitution.
  5. Explain federal and unitary constitutions.

 

READING ASSIGNMENT

Fundamentals of Civic Education Book 3 by Sola Akinyemi pages 38 – 40.

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. Election conducted within a political party to choose candidates that will represent the interests of the party in a general election is called A. Primary election B. by – election C. run – off election D. direct election.
  2. Election conducted to fill a vacant elective post as a result of death or resignation of the individual holding a public office is called A. Primary election B. run – off election C. direct election D. by – election.
  3. All the following are political office holders in Nigeria except A. President B. Banker C. Governor D. Senator.
  4. How many geo – political zones do we have in Nigeria? A. five B. ten C. six D. four.
  5. Which geo – political zone in Nigeria has the least number of states? A. South West B. South – East C. South – South D. North – East.

 

THEORY

  1. Define election.
  2. Mention five types of elections.

 

 

WEEK NINE

TOPIC: IMPORTANCE OF ELECTIONS IN A DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY

Elections take place in every democratic society. Without elections democratic society cannot succeed.

The importance of elections are as follows:

  1. Choice of Leaders: Elections give the people in a country the opportunity for choosing their leaders into different political offices such as president, governors, legislators etc.
  2. Easy and peaceful change of government: Elections provide an opportunity for the masses to peacefully remove bad government from office and ensure peaceful change of government to another.
  3. Promotes Democracy: Election is one of the pillars of democracy. Regular free and fair elections help in sustaining democracy in any country.
  4. Provides opportunity for political education: Election provides opportunity for political parties to give political education to the people of a country. It is usually done through campaigns and rallies where political parties make their manifestos known to the people.
  5. Provides opportunity for participation in government: Election gives the citizens of a country the opportunity of participating in government by casting votes for the candidates of their choice.
  6. Elections act as basis for measuring the popularity of the government in power.

 

EVALUATION

Give five importance of elections in a democratic society.

 

GENERAL EVALUATION

  1. Identify the features of the Clifford Constitution of 1922.
  2. What are the advantages of the Clifford Constitution of 1922?
  3. What are the disadvantages of the Clifford Constitution of 1922?
  4. How many members were in the executive Council of 1922 Clifford Constitution?
  5. In what year was Nigeria National Democratic Party formed?

     

    READING ASSIGNMENT

    Fundamentals of Civic Education for JS 3 BY Sola Akinyemi pages 40 – 41.

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. All the following are importance of elections except A. elections promote violence B. elections promote democracy C. elections enhance political participation D. elections ensure peaceful change of government.
  2. In which geo – political zone is Edo state? A. South – East B. South – West C. South – South D. North – Central.
  3. What is the slogan of Ondo State? A. pace setters B. sunshine state C. the state of harmony

    D. centre of commerce.

  4. How many Senators are in the house of senate? A. 108 B. 200 C. 109 D. 107
  5. How many people are in the house of representative? A. 340 B. 350 C. 355 D. 360.

 

THEORY

  1. Define election.
  2. Give five importance of election.

 

 

WEEK TEN

TOPIC: ELECTORAL BODIES IN NIGERIA

TYPES OF ELECTORAL BODIES IN NIGERIA

There are two types of electoral bodies in Nigeria. They are

i. (INEC) Independent National Electoral Commission

ii. State Independent Electoral Commission (SIEC)

 

EVALUATION

Mention the two types of electoral commission in Nigeria.

 

Composition and Roles of Electoral Bodies in Nigeria.

  1. Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC): It is the main agent of democracy in Nigeria. INEC is a permanent body created by the constitution to organize federal and state elections in Nigeria. The overall head of INEC is called chairman. Every state in Nigeria has a resident electoral commissioner that supervises the conduct of elections in the states.
  2. State Independent Electoral Commission: The State Independent Electoral Commission has power to:
    1. Organize undertake and supervise all elections to local government councils within a state.
    2. Advise INEC on the compilation of and the register of voters for local government election.

 

FUNCTIONS OF INDEPENDENT NATIONAL ELECTORAL COMMISSION (INEC)

  1. Registration of political parties.
  2. Registration of voters and provision of voters’ cards.
  3. Registration of candidates for elections.
  4. Provision of electoral materials such as ballot papers and ballot boxes.
  5. Counting of votes after elections.
  6. Announcement and declaration of winners.
  7. To educate voters about democracy and electoral process in Nigeria.
  8. To divide the country into constituencies or electoral districts.

 

EVALUATION

  1. Mention the functions of INEC.
  2. Mention the functions of SIEC.

 

GENERAL EVALUATION

  1. What were the features of Richards Constitution of 1946?
  2. Mention four advantages of the Richard Constitution of 1946.
  3. Mention four disadvantages of the Richards Constitution of 1946.
  4. Which constitution divided Nigeria into three regions?
  5. How many Nigerians were in the executive council of 1946 Richards constitution?

 

READING ASSIGNMENT

Fundamentals of Civic Education for JSS 3 by Sola Akinyemi pages 41 – 42.

 

WEEKEND ASSIGNMENT

  1. The overall head of INEC is called the A. Chairman B. President C. Governor D. Supervisor.
  2. Electoral materials such as ballot box and ballot papers are provided by A. NAFDAC B. EFCC C. INEC D. NEMA.
  3. The slogan of Ogun State is A. heart beat B. sunshine state C. treasure base D. gateway state.
  4. The slogan of the Federal Capital territory of Nigeria is A. centre of unity B. centre of Excellence C. fountain knowledge D. treasure base.
  5. Elections in Nigeria take place every A. five years B. six years C. ten years D. four years.

     

THEORY

  1. Mention the types of electoral commission in Nigeria.
  2. Identify five functions of INEC.



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